Content

Content - Volume 43, Issue 3

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Tactile spatial resolution in unilateral brain lesions and its correlation with digital dexterity
Yannick Bleyenheuft, Jean-Louis Thonnard
Objective: To test the tactile spatial resolution in chronic unilateral brain lesions. Additionally, since sensory deficits are thought to have an impact on motor deficits, this study investigated the correlation between tactile spatial resolution and finger dexterity. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Patients: Twenty-two patients with unilateral brain lesions (12 children with congen ...
Pages: 251-256
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Correlation of shoulder range of motion limitations at discharge with limitations in activities and participation one year later in persons with spinal cord injury
Inge E. Eriks-Hoogland, Sonja de Groot, Marcel W.M. Post, Lucas H.V. van der Woude
Objective: To study the correlation between limited shoulder range of motion in persons with spinal cord injury at discharge and the performance of activities, wheeling performance, transfers and participation one year later. Design: Multicentre prospective cohort study. Subjects: A total of 146 newly injured subjects with spinal cord injury. Methods: Shoulder range of motion was measured at d ...
Pages: 210-215
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A randomized controlled trial of prospective memory rehabilitation in adults with traumatic brain injury
David Shum, Jennifer Fleming, Hannah Gill, Matthew J. Gullo, Jenny Strong
Objective: To examine the efficacy of compensatory prospective memory training, preceded by self-awareness training for adults with traumatic brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial with 4 intervention groups: (i) self-awareness plus compensatory prospective memory training; (ii) self-awareness training plus active control; (iii) active control plus compensatory prospective memory trai ...
Pages: 216-223
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Systematic review of outcome measures used in the evaluation of robot-assisted upper limb exercise in stroke
Manoj Sivan, Rory J. O’Connor, Sophie Makower, Martin Levesley, Bipinchandra Bhakta
Objective: To classify and evaluate outcome measures currently used in robot-assisted exercise trials (RAET) in stroke, and to determine selection criteria for outcome measures in future trials. Methods: Outcome measures used in RAET were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed and PsychINFO databases. The scale items were categorized into International Classification of Functioning Disab ...
Pages: 181-189
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Coping styles within the family system in the chronic phase following acquired brain injury: its relation to families’ and patients’ functioning
Gisela Wolters Gregório, Sven Stapert, Ingrid Brands, Caroline van Heugten
Objective: To investigate how the functioning of family members and the coping styles they use are related to the psychosocial functioning both of the family members and of the person who has sustained a brain injury. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Primary caregivers (n = 61) and other family members (n = 15) of 61 patients with brain injury. Methods: Primary caregivers com ...
Pages: 190-196
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Prevalence and impact of joint symptoms in people with stroke aged 55 years and over
Chamila Hettiarachchi , Philip Conaghan, Alan Tennant, Bipin Bhakta
Objective: To establish the prevalence and patterns of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms in community-dwelling stroke survivors and their impact on common activities of daily living. Methods: Analysis of data from two consecutive postal surveys in northern England. Data on overall joint pain, swelling or stiffness and difficulties with daily living tasks were obtained from 16,222 individua ...
Pages: 197-203
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Support/services and family carers of persons with stroke impairment: Perceived importance and services received
Barbro Krevers, Birgitta Öberg
Objective: To examine what family carers of persons with stroke impairment perceive as important support and service quality characteristics in relation to their experienced strain/burden, and to explore to what extent family carers receive support/services perceived as important. Design: Data from a cross-sectional study. Subjects: A sample of 183 family carers in Sweden, 64 experiencing lower ...
Pages: 204-209
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Correlation of shoulder range of motion limitations at discharge with limitations in activities and participation one year later in persons with spinal cord injury
Inge E. Eriks-Hoogland, Sonja de Groot, Marcel W.M. Post, Lucas H.V. van der Woude
Objective: To study the correlation between limited shoulder range of motion in persons with spinal cord injury at discharge and the performance of activities, wheeling performance, transfers and participation one year later. Design: Multicentre prospective cohort study. Subjects: A total of 146 newly injured subjects with spinal cord injury. Methods: Shoulder range of motion was measured at d ...
Pages: 210-215
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A randomized controlled trial of prospective memory rehabilitation in adults with traumatic brain injury
David Shum, Jennifer Fleming, Hannah Gill, Matthew J. Gullo, Jenny Strong
Objective: To examine the efficacy of compensatory prospective memory training, preceded by self-awareness training for adults with traumatic brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial with 4 intervention groups: (i) self-awareness plus compensatory prospective memory training; (ii) self-awareness training plus active control; (iii) active control plus compensatory prospective memory trai ...
Pages: 216-223
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of back school for treatment of pain and functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain: A randomized controlled trial
Nilay Sahin, Ilknur Albayrak, Bekir Durmus, Hatice Ugurlu
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the addition of back school to exercise and physical treatment modalities in relieving pain and improving the functional status of patients with chronic low back pain. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Patients: A total of 146 patients with chronic low back pain were enrolled in the study. Methods: Subjects were divided into 2 groups: the back s ...
Pages: 224-229
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A long-term intensive behavioral treatment study in patients with persistent vegetative state or minimally conscious state
Martin Lotze, Karin Schertel, Niels Birbaumer, Boris Kotchoubey
Objective: Persistent vegetative state is regarded as “permanent”, if it persists for more than 1 year for traumatic aetiology, or for more than 3 months for other aetiologies. This is also the case for patients in a minimally conscious state. In order to investigate possible improvements after this period we treated and observed 7 such patients over a period of 6 months. Design and methods: ...
Pages: 230-236
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cardiovascular disease risk and the need for prevention after paraplegia determined by conventional multifactorial risk models: The Stockholm spinal cord injury study
Kerstin Wahman, Mark S. Nash, John E. Lewis , Åke Seiger, Richard Levi
Objective: To assess the need for intervention on cardio­vascular disease risks in persons with paraplegia according to: (i) two multifactorial risk models; and (ii) these models in combination with the additional risk of overweight/obesity. Design: Cross-sectional. Subjects: A total of 134 out of 153 persons, comprising more than 80% of a regional prevalence population with traumatic parapleg ...
Pages: 237-242
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development and validation of the Chinese version of the Reintegration to Normal Living Index for use with stroke patients
Marco Y.C. Pang, Ricky WK Lau, Paul K.C Yeung, Lin-Rong Liao, Raymond C.K Chung
Objective: To develop and validate a Chinese version of the Reintegration to Normal Living Index. Design: Descriptive case-series. Subjects: Seventy-five individuals with chronic stroke and 55 age-matched healthy subjects. Methods: The English version of the Reintegration to Normal Living Index was translated into Chinese using standardized procedures, and then administered to both the stroke a ...
Pages: 243-250
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Tactile spatial resolution in unilateral brain lesions and its correlation with digital dexterity
Yannick Bleyenheuft, Jean-Louis Thonnard
Objective: To test the tactile spatial resolution in chronic unilateral brain lesions. Additionally, since sensory deficits are thought to have an impact on motor deficits, this study investigated the correlation between tactile spatial resolution and finger dexterity. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Patients: Twenty-two patients with unilateral brain lesions (12 children with congen ...
Pages: 251-256
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Frequency of discriminative sensory loss in the hand after stroke in a rehabilitation setting
Leeanne M. Carey , Thomas A. Matyas
Objective: Somatosensory loss following stroke is common, with negative consequences for functional outcome. However, existing studies typically do not include quantitative measures of discriminative sensibility. The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion of stroke patients presenting with discriminative sensory loss of the hand in the post-acute rehabilitation phase. Design: Prospecti ...
Pages: 257-263
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Levels of evidence of articles published in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine journals
Matteo Paci, Gennaro Briganti, Bruna Lombardi
Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify and assess the levels of evidence of research and review articles published in professional Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine journals with international circulations. Design: Quantitative analysis of articles published in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine journals. Methods: Selected articles from 7 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine j ...
Pages: 264-267
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CASE REPORT
Contra-lesional somatosensory cortex activity and somatosensory recovery in two stroke patients
Sung Ho Jang
Objective: We describe here 2 stroke patients who showed activation of the contra-lesional somatosensory cortex without activation of the ipsi-lesional somatosensory cortex during proprioceptive input on the affected hand. Case description: One patient with intracerebral haemorrhage (a 52-year-old man), 1 patient with middle cerebral artery infarct (a 54-year-old man), and 8 control subjects were ...
Pages: 268-270
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
ICF, theories, paradigms and scientific revolution. Re: Towards a unifying theory of rehabilitation
Jan D. Reinhardt
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 271-273
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