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Preview of fully accepted papers, still not published in any volume

ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of long-term use of ankle-foot orthoses on tibialis anterior muscle electromyography in patients with sub-acute stroke: a randomized controlled trial
Objective: To determine: (i) whether the use of ankle-foot orthoses over a period of 26 weeks affects tibialis anterior muscle activity; (ii) whether the timing of provision of ankle-foot orthoses (early or delayed) affects the results; (iii) whether the provision of ankle-foot orthoses affects tibialis anterior muscle activity within a single measurement. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Su ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Psychological factors after stroke: Are they stable over time?
Objective: Psychological factors influence stroke outcomes, such as participation and quality of life. Although important for clinical practice, not much is known about the temporal stability of these factors. This study explored whether psychological factors are stable post-stroke. Methods: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. The following psychological factors were assessed using self-repor ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of respiratory rehabilitation for frail older patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a randomized controlled trial
Objective: To investigate the effects of respiratory rehabilitation on respiratory function, swallowing in community-dwelling frail older patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Design: Randomized open-label controlled trial. Setting: Day-care facility in a rehabilitation hospital in Japan. Subjects: A total of 63 participants with musculoskeletal disorders (intervention group: n = 31; co ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Fatigue in adults with cerebral palsy: A three-year follow-up study
Objectives: To describe the course of fatigue over a 3-year follow-up period in adults with cerebral palsy and to investigate the association of known determinants of fatigue (i.e. demographic characteristics and/or body composition) with change in fatigue. Methods: Forty-one adults with cerebral palsy from a previous study of fatigue were invited to participate in a follow-up study. Twenty-thr ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Differences in cardiovascular health in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy
Objective: To compare cardiovascular health variables and physical activity levels of adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy who are Gross Motor Func-tion Classification System (GMFCS) levels I and II. Methods: Eleven adolescents (mean age 13.1 (standard deviation (SD) 2.1) years) and 14 adults (mean age 31.7 (SD 10.4) years)) with cerebral palsy were included, grouped by their GMFCS level ( ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Spino-pelvic alignment, balance, and functional disability in patients with low-grade degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis
Objective: To evaluate the relationships among spino-pelvic parameters, trunk balance and functional disability in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Forty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and 32 patients without degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods: Spino-pelvic parameters (pelvic incidence, pelvic ti ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validity and feasibility of a temperature sensor for measuring use and non-use of orthopaedic footwear
Objective: Adherence is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of orthopaedic footwear. The aim of this study is to assess the validity of a new temperature sensor for objective assessment of footwear use and non-use. Design: Observational study. Methods: The validity of a temperature sensor (Orthotimer, Balingen, Germany) to discriminate between time periods of use and non-use of footwear over a ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Efficacy of hyaluronic acid after knee arthroscopy: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective: To investigate the effect of hyaluronic acid on functional recovery and pain control in patients following knee arthroscopy. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to explore the efficacy of hyaluronic acid following knee arthroscopy. Subjects and methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of hyaluronic acid in knee arthroscopy were incl ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Paediatric cerebral palsy prevalence and high-risk factors in Henan Province, Central China
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, cerebral palsy in Henan province, China. Methods: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in children aged 0–6 years between September 2011 and September 2012 was investigated using a stratified-clustered-random sampling method. An age-, sex- , and residence-matched control group of typically developing children was recruited. Univariate ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of exercises with a pelvic realignment device on low-back and pelvic girdle pain after childbirth: A randomized control study
Background: To determine the effects of a pelvic realignment device-aided exercise programme after childbirth. Postpartum low-back pain and pelvic girdle pain often occur due to pregnancy and childbirth. Pelvic stabilization exercises are considered effective for reducing these symptoms. However, such exercise might be more effective if the sacro-iliac joints were held in optimal conformity. There ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Participation restrictions in patients after surgery for cerebral meningioma
Objectives: To examine participation restrictions in patients after surgery for cerebral meningioma and to explore possible determinants of participation. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: Patients who had surgery for cerebral meningioma at the University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands, between 2007 and 2009. Methods: Clinical data were retrieved from medical files, and patient ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on spasticity in post-stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Objective: To evaluate whether extracorporeal shock wave therapy significantly improves spasticity in post-stroke patients. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources: PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL electronic databases. Study selection: Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on post-stroke patients with spa ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Self-reported health problems and prioritized goals in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury in Sweden
Objective: To explore self-reported health problems and functional goals in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury in Sweden. Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study that used a survey designed by an experienced peer mentor with spinal cord injury. Subjects: Community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury from Sweden. Methods: The survey was distributed online by the ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Environmental barriers, functioning and quality of life in 2008 Wenchuan earthquake victims with spinal cord injury eight years after the disaster: A cross-sectional study
Objective: To examine environmental barriers, func-tioning, and quality of life in Wenchuan earthquake survivors with spinal cord injury. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Thirty-two adult Wenchuan earthquake survivors with spinal cord injury. Methods: Data were collected on environmental factors with the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory Short Form (NEFI-SF), physical and mental f ...
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