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Pulse Methylprednisolone Therapy for Threatening Periocular Haemangiomas of Infancy
Periocular haemangiomas of infancy can cause severe and rapid ocular damage. Oral corticosteroids remain the front-line treatment to minimize the consequences of
these haemangiomas. The aim of this report is to summarize our experience with pulse intravenous methylprednisolone as an alternative therapy for periocular haemangioma when visual prognosis is engaged. Fifteen infants, who presented periocular haemangioma with functional impact on vision, received 2 mg/kg methylprednisolone intravenously twice a day for 2 days. Following pulse therapy, 2 mg/kg/day prednisolone was given orally with gradual tapering. No further visual impact was noticed following pulse therapy. Two patients relapsed, needing new pulses or, in one case, vincristine. No serious side-effects were recorded. Pulse methylprednisolone therapy permitted a particularly rapid shrinkage of haemangiomas and a complete disappearance of their visual impact within 2 days. Apparently more rapid than the usual oral corticosteroids, pulse intravenous methylprednisolone decreases the risk of ocular complications, which correlates with the duration of the influence of haemangiomas.
Franck Delesalle, Delphine Staumont, Mohamed Ali Houmany, Georges Marie Breviere and Frederic Piette