Content » Vol 80, Issue 6

Investigative Report

Proliferation of T Lymphocytes from Atopic Dermatitis Skin is Enhanced upon anti-CD3, Reduced upon Mitogen and Superantigen, and Negligible upon Tuberculin Stimulation

Annika Volke, Karen Bang, Kristian Thestrup-Pedersen
DOI: 10.1080/000155500300012756


Knowledge about the nature of lymphocytes infiltrating atopic dermatitis skin is restricted to allergen-specific T cells. We investigated the proliferative capacities of T lymphocytes cultured in an antigen-independent way from biopsies of atopic dermatitis skin. When compared with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy donors or atopic dermatitis patients, the skin-homing lymphocytes proliferated more vigorously in response to stimulation with anti-CD3 antibodies (1 νg/ml), reflecting their high response capacity. When stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (10 νg/ml) or staphylococcal enterotoxin A (0.1 νg/ml) the skin-homing lymphocytes achieved significantly lower proliferation levels than PBMC. In contrast to normal and atopic PBMC the skin-homing lymphocytes did not respond to tuberculin purified protein derivative (10 νg/ml). In the mixed lymphocyte reaction the skin-homing lymphocytes did not stimulate autologous PBMC to proliferate. We conclude that skin-homing lymphocytes have more pronounced immune deviations than PBMC in patients with atopic dermatitis. They represent a valuable approach for further investigating the pathogenesis of the disease.


Supplementary content


Not logged in! You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.