Prevalence of Childhood and Adolescent Atopic Dermatitis in a Japanese Population: Comparison with the Disease Frequency Examined 20 Years Ago
Hisashi Sugiura, Naoka Umemoto, Hideki Deguchi, Yuho Murata, Keiko Tanaka, Takayuki Sawai, Mitsuyoshi Omoto, Masami Uchiyama, Takashi Kiriyama, Masami Uehara
To ascertain the prevalence of childhood and adolescent atopic dermatitis in a Japanese population, we clinically observed the total body of 5 to 6-year-old children (994 cases), 7 to 9-year-old children (1,240 cases), 10 to 12-year-old children (1,152 cases), 13 to 15-year-old children (1,670 cases), and 16 to 18-year-old adolescents (2,159 cases). The examination was performed in the spring of 1994-96, when exacerbation of childhood and adolescent atopic dermatitis most frequently occurs in Japan. Atopic dermatitis was observed in 24% of the 5 to 6-year group, in 19% of the 7 to 9-year group, in 15% of the 10 to 12-year group, in 14% of the 13 to 15-year group, and in 11% of the 16 to 18-year group. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in 9 to 12-year-old children was two times and in 18-year-old adolescents five times as high as in similar age groups examined 20 years ago.