Increased Prevalence of Onychomycosis among Psoriatic Patients in Israel
Vera Leibovici, Klilah Hershko, Arieh Ingber, Maria Westerman, Nurit Leviatan-Strauss, Malka Hochberg
Published data on the prevalence of onychomycosis in psoriasis patients compared with healthy controls are controversial, We therefore conducted a prospective study of toenail onychomycosis, among 113 psoriatic and 106 healthy non-psoriatic subjects, selected from the normal population in the Jerusalem area in the period 2003-05. The results revealed a prevalence of 47.6% toenail onychomycosis among psoriatic patients, compared with 28.4% in normal controls (p=0.0054). Both gender and age affected the prevalence of onychomycosis in both psoriatic and healthy controls, with a higher prevalence in male and elderly subjects. The type and duration of psoriasis were also found to have an impact on the prevalence of onychomycosis. However, the body area involved did not affect the prevalence of onychomycosis in psoriatic patients. Approximately the same percentages of dermatophytes and yeasts were found in psoriatic patients as in healthy controls. However, a higher percentage of moulds was found in psoriatic patients.