Atrichia with Papular Lesions: A Report of Three Novel Human Hairless Gene Mutations and a Revision of Diagnostic Criteria
Leona Yip, Liran Horev, Rodney Sinclair, Abraham Zlotogorski
Atrichia with papular lesions is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by complete irreversible hair loss during the first months of life and papules that appear during early childhood. Atrichia with papular lesions is frequently misdiagnosed as alopecia universalis, despite increasing reports of its prevalence and the presence of well-defined diagnostic criteria. Most cases of atrichia with papular lesions have been reported in consanguineous families residing in small geographical regions, but the increasing number of sporadic cases of unrelated individuals suggests that atrichia with papular lesions is more common than previously thought. Mutations in the human hairless gene on chromosome 8p12 have been implicated in this disease. Here, we report two novel heterozygous mutations in an Australian family and a novel homozygous mutation in 2 Arab siblings. We also revise the diagnostic criteria for atrichia with papular lesions in order to clarify its uniqueness and distinguishing features from alopecia universalis.