Body Dysmorphic Disorder in University Students with Skin Diseases Compared with Healthy Controls
Yeşim Kaymak, Ender Taner and Işıl Şimşek
Body dysmorphic disorder appears relatively frequently in dermatological and cosmetic surgery settings; in fact, dermatologists may be the type of practitioner most often consulted by patients with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate body dysmorphic disorder symptoms in Turkish university students with skin diseases. A total of 107 outpatients diagnosed with any skin disease and 109 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects recruited from the students of the same university were enrolled in the study. Subjects in both the patient and the control groups completed the Beck Depression Inventory and the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale (BDSS). Groups differed on the basis of BDSS scores (t = 3.74, p = 0.001), with higher scores in the group with skin diseases compared with those for healthy controls. Subjects with skin diseases and higher BDSS scores had higher Beck Depression Inventory scores compared with those with lower BDSS scores (z = 4.13, p = 0.001). This study suggests that patients with skin disease have higher body dysmorphic disorder scores compared with healthy controls.