Awareness of Human Papillomavirus Infection, Genitoanal Warts and Cancer in a Dermatological Outpatient Clinic Setting
Laura Kuznetsov, Christina M. Reitmaier-Weber, Thomas Ruzicka, Alexander V. Kuznetsov
There has been little research into awareness of human
papillomavirus (HPV) among dermatological out-patients, despite the fact that management of HPV infection causing genitoanal warts/cancer is part of the routine practice of dermato-venereologists. The aim of this study was to explore awareness of HPV among dermatological outpatients. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 360 consecutive attendees of a Munich dermatological outpatient clinic in November 2009. Of the total number of questionnaires, 77.2% were returned, and 69.7% (n = 251, 51.8% females) were included in the analysis. 39.4% of the respondents had heard of HPV infection, and 23.9% of vaccination. Of those who had heard of HPV, 81.8% knew that HPV risk is associated with non-use condoms, number of sexual partners (77.8%), smoking (8.1%), and that HPV causes genital warts (65.7%), anal warts (39.4%) and cervical cancer (57.6%). HPV ignorance (never having heard of HPV) was predicted by being male (adjusted odds ratio = 2.23, 95% confidence interval = 1.32–3.80) and being a parent (adjusted odds ratio = 2.11, 95% confidence interval = 1.24–3.59). We conclude that dermatological outpatients have insufficient knowledge of HPV, its sequelae and prevention.