Self-reported Lifetime Prevalence of Atopic Dermatitis and Co-morbidity with Asthma and Eczema in Adulthood: A Population-based Cross-sectional Survey
Kerstin Bingefors, Åke Svensson, Dag Isacson, Magnus Lindberg
Atopic dermatitis and its co-morbidity with asthma and allergy is well described in younger age groups. However, population-based studies on adults with atopic dermatitis in childhood are sparse. The aims of this study were to determine: (i) the prevalence of self-reported childhood atopic dermatitis in the population; and (ii) its association with present self-reported hand eczema, eczema, allergy, urticaria and asthma. A questionnaire was sent to a cross-sectional random sample of the Swedish population (n = 7,985), age range 18–84 years (response rate 61.1%). The questionnaire included the question “Have you had childhood eczema?” and questions on 5 other medical problems (hand eczema, other eczema, asthma, urticaria and allergy). Persons reporting eczema in childhood reported increased odds ratios (OR) for hand eczema (4.01), other eczema (3.88), urticaria (2.50), allergy (2.98), and asthma (2.06) as adults. The combination of eczema, allergy and asthma had an OR of 14.10 (95% confidence interval 8.44–23.54). Adults in the age range 18–84 years reporting childhood atopic dermatitis still have high co-morbidity with eczema, asthma, urticaria and allergy.