Staphylococcus epidermidis-induced Interleukin-1 Beta and Human Beta-defensin-2 Expression in Human Keratinocytes is Regulated by the Host Molecule A20 (TNFAIP3)
Maren Simanski, Anna-Sophie Erkens, Franziska Rademacher, Jürgen Harder
Preview of fully accepted paper, still not published in any volume
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an abundant skin commensal capable of activating cutaneous defense responses, such as induction of cytokines and antimicrobial peptides. To permanently colonize human skin and prevent inflammation S. epidermidis needs to control the induction of host defense mediators. We report here that S. epidermidis induces expression of the host regulator protein A20 in human keratinocytes, thereby controlling expression and release of interleukin-1 beta. siRNA-mediated knockdown of A20 expression strongly enhanced the induction of interleukin-1 beta gene expression and protein release in keratinocytes stimulated with S. epidermidis. Furthermore, siRNA-mediated knockdown of A20 resulted in enhanced gene expression and secretion of the antimicrobial peptide human beta-defensin-2 in keratinocytes facing S. epidermidis. Mechanistically, A20 negatively controlled S. epidermidis-induced activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB. Together, these data indicate that S. epidermidis exploits A20 to attenuate cutaneous defense responses, which may help S. epidermidis to persist on human skin.