Patient-reported Outcome Measures for Angioedema: A Literature Review
Anna Trier Heiberg Brix, Henrik Balle Boysen, Karsten Weller, Teresa Caballero, Anette Bygum
Angioedema and hereditary angioedema are characterized by swelling of the subcutaneous and/or submucosal tissue, resulting in localized oedema. The rarity, but also the diverse clinical presentation, of these conditions can be challenging regarding diagnosis, treatment, and management. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are data received directly from the patient, providing the patient’s perspective on various subjects regarding health and well-being. PROMs can be helpful tools to optimize treatment and long-term management of conditions. A major challenge regarding the consistent use of PROMs in clinical settings in Scandinavia is language availability; many of the validated PROMs for hereditary angioedema and angioedema lack translations into the Nordic languages. The litterature search yielded 9 different PROM tools for angioedema and hereditary angioedema. Five were found suitable for use in clinical practice in Europe. Even though several PROMs exist they are not used consistent. Accessible electronic PROMs and careful planning is required to implement PROMs optimally in routine care processes.
This article reviews the patient-reported outcome measures available for angioedema and hereditary angioedema, and assesses their availability in the Nordic languages. Patient-reported outcome measures have immense possibilities when used consistently and systematically in clinical practice, ultimately providing patients with better, and more personalized, care. This review provides an overview of clinically relevant PROM tools for angioedema and hereditary angioedema and where they can be accessed.