Evaluation of the effect of heparin and tetracycline on the cohesion of the dermal-epidermal junction
Humbert P, Renaud A, Millet J, Taillard C, Marchal F, Laurent R, Agache P.
In an attempt to demonstrate the effect of tetracycline or heparin therapy on the dermo-epidermal junction, the suction blister time was measured at the beginning and at the end of the study in 18 female Sprague-Dawley hairless rats, using the suction blister method. Suction blister time was defined as the time taken for the first sign of a vesicle to appear in the hole in the diaphragm of a suction chamber. 200 IU heparinate calcium was administered daily for 6 days in 6 rats. Six other rats received 27.5 mg tetracycline chlorhydrate daily for 6 days. The others did not receive any drug. Significant statistical differences in suction blister time before and after administration of the drugs were found in the heparin group (p less than 0.05), and in the tetracycline group (p less than 0.05), compared with the control group. Heparin and tetracycline were found to increase suction blister time significantly. These results suggest an increased cohesion in the dermo-epidermal junction due to heparin and tetracycline.