Altered distribution of heparan sulfate proteoglycans in psoriasis
Seyger MM, van den Born J, Schalkwijk J, van de Kerkhof PC, de Jong EM
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are components of the basement membrane (BM) of various tissues. They consist of a core protein and negatively charged glycosaminoglycan side chains: the heparan sulfate (HS) moieties. In psoriasis, uninvolved skin of psoriasis patients and in normal skin, the distribution of HSPGs was studied immunohistochemically by means of three different monoclonal antibodies: JM-72, directed against the HSPG-core protein, JM-13 against the sulfated domains of HS and JM-403 against the unmodified/low sulfated parts of HS. In psoriasis JM-13 staining was consistently absent in the tips of the dermal papillae, whereas JM-13 showed a continuous staining in the BM of uninvolved and normal skin. JM-403 staining was present in BM of all specimens. In addition, a honeycomb-like staining was found in epidermis of normal skin and to a lesser extent in uninvolved skin, due to binding with plasma membrane-associated HS. In psoriasis this JM-403 staining of the epidermis was invariably absent. JM-72 showed a continuous staining of BM in all biopsies. In conclusion, normal human skin and involved psoriatic skin show clear differences in expression of HS. These data may provide insight into the role of HSPGs in psoriasis, which remains further to be elucidated.