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Content - Volume 77, Issue 1

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Duct Disruption, a New Explanation of Miliaria
Sam Shuster
From argument and a few personal observations, the hypothesis has crystallised that the miliaria commonly occurring in unacclimatised Caucasians visiting hot climates is caused by exposure to ultraviolet irradiation, by an effect on the cells of the upper epidermis, which eventually allows a split to develop between them and the new stratum corneum that grows up beneath, into which sweat from the ...
Pages: 1-3
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Fine Mapping of the Locus for Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome on Chromosome 9q
Anne Birgitte Unden, Mona Ståhle-Bäckdahl, Erika Holmberg, Catharina Larsson and Rune Toftgård
The nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by predisposition to multiple early basal cell carcinomas of the skin and several other tumours as well as frequent occurrence of developmental anomalies. The gene has previously been mapped to chromosome 9q22 and is believed to function as a tumour suppressor. We have applied linkage and haplotype analysis t ...
Pages: 4-9
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Technical Advances in Prenatal Diagnosis of Tyrosinase-negative Oculocutaneous Albinism
H. Shjmizu
Technical advances in the prenatal diagnosis of tyrosinase-negative oculocutaneous albinism, the most severe subtype of this disease, are reviewed. Ultrastructural examination of hair bulb melanocytes in fetal skin during the second trimester of pregnancy was the first successful method for the prenatal diagnosis of oculocutaneous albinism. Subsequent introduction of the electron microscopic DOPA ...
Pages: 10-13
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Skin-derived Antileukoproteinase (SKALP) and Epidermal Fatty Acid-binding Protein (E-FABP): Two Novel Markers of the Psoriatic Phenotype that Respond Differentially to Topical Steroid
Astrid L. A. Kuijpers, Mieke Bergers, Georges Siegenthaler, Patrick L. J. M. Zeeuwen, Peter C. M. Van De Kerkhof and Joost Schalkwijk
Recently we have described two novel markers for disturbed epidermal differentiation, which are strongly upregulated in psoriatic epidermis: skin-derived antileukoproteinase (SKALP) and epidermal fatty acid-binding protein (E-FABP). No data are available on the kinetics of SKALP and E-FABP expression in vivo and the relation with epidermal growth and differentiation. We used treatment of lesional ...
Pages: 14-19
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Atopic Dermatitis May Be a Genetically Determined Dysmaturation of Ectodermal Tissue, Resulting 1n Disturbed T-lymphocyte Maturation.A Hypothesis
Kristian Thestrup-Pedersen, Anne Ringer Ellingsen, Anne Braae Olesen, Marianne Lund and Keld Kaltoft
Although atopic dermatitis is a skin disorder, it includes immune deviations such as T-cell accumulation and activation in the skin, resulting in chronic, relapsing eczema. The T-lymphocyte activation in the skin is not accompanied by specific allergies in up to two thirds of the patients. It has been shown that T-cell lines and clones can be established from skin biopsies of patients with atopic ...
Pages: 20-21
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The Peripheral Resistance in Arteries of Legs Is InverselyProportional to the Severity of Chronic Venous lnsufficiency
Ken Malanin, Arto Haapanen, Pertti J. Kolari. Inkeri Helander and Väinö K. Havu
There are conflicting reports in the literature about the existence of arteriovenous shunting in legs with chronic venous insufficiency. Using duplex scanning, we have earlier shown that there is lowered peripheral resistance in the arteries of legs with venous ulcer together with premature venous filling in angiography. In the present study we investigated the peripheral resistance in the arterie ...
Pages: 22-25
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U se of XTT -assay to Assess the Cytotoxicity of Different Surfactants and Metal Salts in Human Keratinocytes (HaCaT). A Feasible Method for In vitro Testing of Skin lrritants
A. Brosin, V. Wolf, A. Mattheus and H. Heise
Because of the increasing need of reliable skin irritation tests and in order to reduce the number of animal experiments, in vitro alternatives have to be developed. We studied four surfactants and five metal salts for their cytotoxic potency in HaCaT cells, a spontaneously immortalized human keratinocyte line. The endpoint used to assess cellular viability was metabolization of the tetrazolium sa ...
Pages: 26-28
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A New Model for Assessing the Damaging Effects of Soaps and Surfactants on Human Stratum Corneum
Tetsuo Shukuwna, Albert M. Kligman and Tracy J. Stoudemayer
To elucidate the damage to the horny layers of human skin produced by surfactants and soaps, we evaluated the cytological alterations of corneocytes using an in vitro assay. Suction blisters, 8 mm in diameter, were raised on the forearms of young adult Caucasoids. The roofs were cut off and the viable epidermis was removed. The discs of stratum corneum were then agitated for up to 6 h at 60 degree ...
Pages: 29-34
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lmmunopathological Events of Adverse Cutaneous Reactions to Coumarin and Heparin
Barbara Hermes, Norbert Haas and Beate M. Henz
We here describe a female patient with thromboembolic disease, who exhibited allergic reactions to heparin and who developed a large necrotic area on the abdomen when coumarin treatment was instituted. On immunohistology of the necrotic lesion, tumour necrosis factor alpha was markedly expressed, with decreasing intensity towards the central necrotic part of the lesion. Furthermore, endothelial ce ...
Pages: 35-38
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Effects of Dermabrasion on Acne Scarring. A Review and a Study of 25 Cases
A. Aronsson, T. Eriksson, S. Jacobsson and L Salemark
Acne scarring is often treated with dermabrasion and results are evaluated using photographs. We have studied 25 patients before treatment and up to 1 year after dermabrasion for acne scars. Comparisons of results evaluated in different ways show that dermabrasion works best for superficial scars, results for more severe forms of scarring being less predictable.
Pages: 39-42
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Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum-like Papillarv Dermal Elastolysis. A Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature
Erich Vargas-Diez, Pablo F. Penas, Javier Fraga, Maximiliano Aragues and Amaro Garcia-Diez
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis is a peculiar idiopathic elastolytic disorder with cutaneous lesions clinically resembling pseudoxanthoma elasticum with partial or total band-like elastolysis of the papillary dermis histopathologically, and without systemic complications. We here report 2 new cases and review the clinicopathological features of patients with this diagnos ...
Pages: 43-45
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Topically Applied Aspirin Rapidly Decreases Histamine-induced ltch
The effect of topical aspirin and its model vehicle dichloromethane on itch experimentally induced with histamine was studied in 16 subjects, using a visual analogue scale and computerized aspirin, but not its vehicle, significantly reduced itch duration (p = 0.001) and decreased itch magnitude as measured with a visual analogue scale (p < 0.04). Histamine injection caused elevation of warmth sens ...
Pages: 46-48
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Histopathological and Bacteriological Findings 1n Prurigo Nodularis
Jaana Olivia Mattila, Martine Vornanen and Marja-Leena Katila
Prurigo nodularis is a chronic disease with unknown aetiology. Biopsy specimens of 43 patients with prurigo nodularis were taken for histopathological and mycobacteriological analyses. By conventional histopathology, 25 (58%) samples, and by immunostaining for S100 protein, 31 (72%) samples had changes relevant to prurigo nodularis. Twelve (28%) of the samples were positive for acid fast bacilli i ...
Pages: 49-51
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Prevalence of Infantile and Early Childhood Eczema in a Japanese Population: Comparison with the Disease Frequency Examined 20 Years Ago
Hisashi Sugiura, Masami Uchiyama, Mitsuyoshi Omoto, Kazuo Sasaki and Masami Uerara
To investigate the prevalence of infantile and early childhood eczema in a Japanese population, we clinically inspected the entire bodies of 4-month-old infants (341 cases), 10-month-old infants (339 cases) and 3-year-old children (341 cases). The examination was performed in spring, when exacerbations of infantile and childhood eczema most frequently occur in Japan. Eczema was observed in 30-31% ...
Pages: 52-53
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Comparison of the influence of cyclosporine and topical betamethasone-17,21-dipropionate treatment on quality of life in chronic hand eczema.
Granlund H, Erkko P, Reitamo S
In a randomized, controlled parallel group study we have shown that cyclosporine at 3 mg/kg/day is as effective as topical betamethasone-17,21-dipropionate in the treatment of chronic hand eczema. In this study we compared the influence of these therapies on the quality of life. Forty-one patients were treated with either treatment for 6 weeks, after which patients with failure were switched to th ...
Pages: 54-58
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The Flashlamp-pumped Dye Laser and Dermabrasion in Psoriasis - Further Studies on the Reversed Köbner Phenomenon
Peter Bjerring, Hugh Zachariae and Helmer Søgaard
Eleven patients with chronic plaque psoriasis were treated with the flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser and 6 of the same patients were at the same time treated by dermabrasion. Complete remissions were observed in 3 patients following laser-treatment and in 5 of 6 after dermabrasion. The observation periods were from 4 to 9 months. Our data suggest that the mechanism of the reversed Köbner phenome ...
Pages: 59-61
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Acquired Unilateral Nevoid Telangiectasia Syndrome
O. Taskapan, Y. Harmanyeri, O. Sener and A. Aksu
We describe a man with acquired unilateral nevoid telangiectasia syndrome, in whom no underlying disease, alcohol abuse or physiological conditions causing hormonal changes are demonstrable. To our knowledge, this is the first case of acquired unilateral nevoid telangiectasia syndrome seen in a healthy adult male and not associated with a hyperestrogenaemic state and estrogen receptor abnormality. ...
Pages: 62-63
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Metaplastic Bone Formation in the Subcutaneous Nodule of a Patient with Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
Cutaneous ossification is a rare phenomenon in collagen diseases, despite the rather frequent occurrence in these diseases of dystrophic calcinosis. We observed metaplastic woven bone formation associated with calcification in biopsy material obtained from a 49-year-old woman suffering from mixed connective tissue disease together with multiple subcutaneous indurations. This is the first case of t ...
Pages: 64-65
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Oral terbinafine in toenail dermatophytosis. A double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study with 12 months' follow-up
Svejgaard EL, Brandrup F, Kragballe K, Larsen PO, Veien NK, Holst M, Andersen BL, Bro-Jørgensen AV, Dahl JC, Frentz G, Graudal C, Kamp P, Kroman N, Larsen FS, Mikkelsen F, Munkvad JM, Olafsson JH, Rothenborg H, Staberg B, Søndergaard J, Thulin H.
The treatment of onychomycosis has previously often been protracted and unsuccessful. Terbinafine has been shown to be effective in short-term regimens. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 148 patients with toenail dermatophytosis were randomized to treatment with either 250 mg terbinafine daily or placebo for 3 months. An additional treatment was given for 3 months to patients whose i ...
Pages: 66-69
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Long-term results of patients with onychomycosis treated with itraconazole
Heikkilä H, Stubb S.
We studied the long-term results of 88 patients treated with itraconazole either with continuous or pulse therapy. No differences were noted in the treatment results between these two groups. Thirty-six weeks after cessation of a 12-week drug therapy total clinical cure was achieved in 35% of these patients with 93% negative culture. At a follow-up at week 104 the total clinical cure was 39%, with ...
Pages: 70-71
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Chemotherapy-induced acral erythema due to Tegafur
Bastida J, Díaz-Cascajo C, Borghi S.
No Abstract available
Pages: 72-73
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Erythema nodosum and acute Q fever: report of a case with granulomatous hepatitis and immunological abnormalities
Vázquez-López F, Rippe ML, Soler T, Rodríguez A, Arribas JM, Pérez-Oliva N.
No Abstract available
Pages: 73-74
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Small proline-rich proteins in hair follicles
Yoneda K, Imamura S, Kim SY.
No Abstract available
Pages: 76-76
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Atypical molluscum contagiosum--a diagnostic problem
Ogg GS, Coleman R, Rosbotham JL, MacDonald DM
No Abstract available
Pages: 77-78
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Extramammary Paget's disease
Burrows NP, Pye RJ
No Abstract available
Pages: 78-78
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Asymmetric periflexural exanthem in an adult
Corazza M, Virgili A.
No Abstract available
Pages: 79-80
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Palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia syndrome and other cutaneous side-effects after treatment with Tegafur
Rios-Buceta L, Buezo GF, Peñas PF, Dauden E, Fernandez-Herrera J, Garcia-Diez A.
No Abstract available
Pages: 80-81
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Pigmentary demarcation lines type B in a white non-pregnant woman
Delmonte S, Parodi A, Rebora A.
No Abstract available
Pages: 82-82
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Pseudotumor cerebri induced by minocycline treatment for acne vulgaris
Lewis PA, Kearney PJ.
No Abstract available
Pages: 83-83
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Local cholinergic urticaria at methacholine test site
Kiistala R, Kiistala U.
No Abstract available
Pages: 84-85
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Atypical localization of cutaneous leishmaniasis
Aste N, Fumo G, Pau M, Biggio P.
No Abstract available
Pages: 85-86
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Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease) with cutaneous involvement
Rosina P, D'Onghia FS, Barba A, Colombari R, Chieregato C.
No Abstract available
Pages: 86-87
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Successful treatment of pemphigus vulgaris with prednisolone and tranilast
Miyamoto H, Takahashi I.
No Abstract available
Pages: 87-88
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Münchausen's syndrome with congenital generalized epidermolysis bullosa simplex
Le Coz CJ, Cribier BJ, Boehm N, Schubert B, Heid E, Grosshans EM.
No Abstract available
Pages: 88-90
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Keloidlike morphea
Kubo M, Tamaki T, Fujimoto M, Kikuchi K, Tamaki K.
No Abstract available
Pages: 90-91
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Deep dermal invasion of keratoacanthoma of the face
Okuyama R, Rokugo M, Tagami H.
No Abstract available
Pages: 91-92
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Erythema annulare centrifugum and intestinal Candida albicans infection--coincidence or connection?
Schmid MH, Wollenberg A, Sander CA, Bieber T.
No Abstract available
Pages: 93-94
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