Content » Vol 33, Issue 1

INFLUENCE OF INITIAL STATUS ON FUNCTIONAL GAIN FOR JAPANESE PATIENTS WITH FIRST CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE

Masayuki Inouye, Hidetoshi Hashimoto, Takaya Mio, Kimiaki Sumino
A1 Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo Rehabilitation Center Hospital, Kobe, Japan
A2 Department of Public Health, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan

DOI: 10.1080/165019701300006470

Abstract

It is important to identify in advance patients who will achieve the greatest functional gains from rehabilitation therapy, as specialist rehabilitation resources are still scarce in Japan. The purpose of this study was to determine whether functional score at admission influences the functional change (functional score at discharge minus functional score at admission) after inpatient rehabilitation for first cerebral hemorrhage. One hundred and ninety-three patients with cerebral hemorrhage were enrolled in this study. They were assessed using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) at admission and discharge and underwent inpatient rehabilitation treatment. Patients were stratified into 3 groups according to their FIM total scores on admission as follows: (1) h 36 (severely affected patient group); (2) 37-72 (moderately affected patient group); and (3) S 73 (mildly affected patient group). Scheffe's multiple comparison test showed that patients in group 1 were significantly older (mean - SD = 63 - 10 years) than those in groups 2 (56 - 10 years) or 3 (53 - 12 years). Patients in group 2 showed significantly greater FIM gain (37 - 17) compared with patients in groups 3 (23 - 12) or 1 (27 - 23). The results suggest that moderately affected patients at admission will show significantly higher functional gain compared with severely or mildly affected patients. Mildly affected patients at admission had a significantly shorter length of hospital stay for rehabilitation than the other groups. There was no significant difference in onset to admission interval between the 3 groups. The functional levels of affected patients on admission, as stratified by the FIM scale, roughly predict the degree of functional gain following rehabilitation in patients with first cerebral hemorrhage. Moderately affected patients will benefit from intensive rehabilitation. This study may be useful in determining how best to prioritize rehabilitation therapy.

Lay Abstract

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