Content

Content - Volume 33, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

All articles

EDITORIAL
Gunnar Grimby
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 1-2
Scientific Abstract  PDF
INTERNATIONAL CALENDAR
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 3-0
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ABILITY AND PERCEIVED DIFFICULTY IN DAILY ACTIVITIES IN PEOPLE WITH POLIOMYELITIS SEQUELAE
Anna-Lisa Thorén-Jönsson, Gunnar Grimby
Polio involvement and its relation to ability in terms of independence and perceived difficulty in activities in daily living (ADL) were studied in outpatients (median age 57 years) with poliomyelitis sequelae (n = 133). The use and need of assistive devices and housing conditions were recorded. The subjects had a high degree of independence in personal ADL, whereas more than 50% were depen ...
Pages: 4-11
Scientific Abstract  PDF
INFLUENCE OF INITIAL STATUS ON FUNCTIONAL GAIN FOR JAPANESE PATIENTS WITH FIRST CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE
Masayuki Inouye, Hidetoshi Hashimoto, Takaya Mio, Kimiaki Sumino
It is important to identify in advance patients who will achieve the greatest functional gains from rehabilitation therapy, as specialist rehabilitation resources are still scarce in Japan. The purpose of this study was to determine whether functional score at admission influences the functional change (functional score at discharge minus functional score at admission) after inpatient rehabilitati ...
Pages: 12-15
Scientific Abstract  PDF
CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL HAEMODYNAMICS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH PARAPLEGIA DURING LIGHT AND HEAVY EXERCISE
D. Theisen, Y. Vanlandewijck, X. Sturbois, M. Francaux
The purpose of this study was to analyse lower leg skin blood flow (laser Doppler flowmetry) in five individuals with highlevel paraplegia (T5-T9), six participants with low-level paraplegia (T10-T12) and six able-bodied controls during 3-minute light and heavy arm-cranking exercises (~15% and 80% peak power output, respectively). Throughout light exercise, cutaneous vasoconstriction was shown for ...
Pages: 16-20
Scientific Abstract  PDF
LOCALIZED LOW BACK PAIN AND LOW BACK PAIN AS PART OF WIDESPREAD MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN: TWO DIFFERENT DISORDERS? A CROSS-SECTIONAL POPULATION STUDY
Bård Natvig, Dag Bruusgaard, Willy Eriksen
In a cross-sectional postal questionnaire study we compared individuals with localized low back pain (LBP) with individuals with LBP as part of widespread musculoskeletal pain, according to demographic and lifestyle characteristics and functional ability. All the inhabitants in Ullensaker county born 1918-20, 1928-30, 1938-40, 1948-50, 1958-60 and 1968-70 were sent a questionnaire in 1994. The stu ...
Pages: 21-25
Scientific Abstract  PDF
'ACTIVE BACK SCHOOL', PROPHYLACTIC MANAGEMENT FOR LOW BACK PAIN: THREE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP OF A RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bredo Glomsrod, Jan H. Lonn, Margreth G. Soukup, Kari Bo, Stig Larsen
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the longterm effect of the Active Back School programme on minimizing recurrences of episodes of low back pain. Forty-three subjects were randomly allocated to the Active Back School group and 38 to the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups with regard to baseline characteristics. The Active Back School programme ...
Pages: 26-30
Scientific Abstract  PDF
PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS AND QUESTIONNAIRES AS DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS IN CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN
Pekka Rantanen
The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of common questionnaires and measures of physical performance in low back pain (LBP) syndrome. One hundred and fourteen patients with LBP classified according to the Quebec Task Force were compared with 50 patients with different pain syndromes but without apparent LBP. The discriminating value of each variable was estimated by calcula ...
Pages: 31-35
Scientific Abstract  PDF
INTRA- AND INTER-TESTER RELIABILITY AND REFERENCE VALUES FOR HAND STRENGTH
Anneli Peolsson, Rune Hedlund, Birgitta Oberg
The intra- and inter-tester reliability for measurement of handgrip strength and indexgrip strength using the Jamar dynamometer was investigated in 32 healthy volunteers, and the intra-tester reliability in 13 patients with cervical radiculopathy. The results from the reliability studies showed that handgrip and indexgrip strength measured with the Jamar dynamometer is a reliable method (ICC value ...
Pages: 36-41
Scientific Abstract  PDF
LOW EFFECTIVENESS OF PRESCRIBED PARTIAL WEIGHT BEARING
Magnus Tveit, Johan Kärrholm
To enable objective measurements of weight bearing in hip replacement patients a portable instrument set-up with an on-line registering pressure-sensitive insole was developed. Six men and 9 women, median age 58 (48-67) years, who had been operated on with a cementless or hybrid hip arthroplasty were studied. All patients were independent and functional. A physiotherapist instructed the patients t ...
Pages: 42-46
Scientific Abstract  PDF
GUIDELINES TO STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF DATA FROM RATING SCALES AND QUESTIONNAIRES
Elisabeth Svensson
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 47-48
Scientific Abstract  PDF