Intrathecal baclofen pump: A foreign-body reaction case report and its solution
Benjamin Bernuz, Haudrey Assier, Helene Bisseriex, Jean-Baptiste Thiebaut, Celia Rech , Alexis Schnitzler
Case report: A 43-year-old woman with cerebral palsy and disabling spasticity underwent a series of 4 implantations of intrathecal baclofen pumps, performed by two teams. A history of 3 aseptic local skin reactions over the site of insertion started 4 months after the first insertion, once with partial pump exposure. There were no clinical or biological signs of infection. Skin patch tests were negative. Relocation of the system was followed by a relapse, while removal of the pump was followed each time by complete resolution of the symptoms. Histological findings showed slight mononuclear dermal infiltration without epidermal lesions, which excluded contact dermatitis. Pump intolerance with a foreign-body reaction was diagnosed. A pump wrapped with polyethylene terephthalate was reimplanted. No recurrence of symptoms occurred after a 3-year follow-up period, with improvement in impairment, activity and satisfaction due to intrathecal baclofen therapy.
Conclusion: A foreign-body reaction after intrathecal baclofen pump implantation is a rare complication, which has not been reported previously, and which is associated with negative skin patch tests. In cases with no signs of infection, skin intolerance must be suspected and dermatological assessments should be carried out. Replacement with a pump wrapped in an inert coating is an effective and available solution.
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