Effectiveness of Switching Therapy from Complexing Protein-containing Botulinum Toxin Type A to a Formulation with Low Immunogenicity in Spasticity after Stroke: A case report
Andrea Santamato, Maurizio Ranieri, Francesco Panza, Vincenza Frisardi, Maria Francesca Micello, Serena Filoni , Pietro Fiore
Objective: Some patients receiving botulinum toxin type A therapy develop immunological resistance due to the production of neutralizing antibodies against the neurotoxin, thus partially or completely reducing the therapeutic effect.
Case report: We report here neurophysiological and clinical findings for a 58-year-old man treated with botulinum toxin type A for spasticity after ischaemic stroke, who became a secondary non-responder patient. Subsequent treatment with a different preparation of botulinum toxin type A had a great therapeutic effect on his spasticity. The muscles injected and the dosages were the same for each treatment, but evaluation with the Modified Ashworth Scale after treatment with the second preparation showed a reduction of approximately 2 points compared with the first examination. The clinical results were also supported by extensor digitorum brevis testing of the right muscle, which showed a reduction in compound muscle action potential, whereas it was unchanged in the non-injected muscle. No side-effects were reported, and after 1 year of treatment with this formulation clinical benefits were still evident.
Conclusion: The neurophysiological and clinical results obtained in this patient suggest that switching therapy from a complexing protein-containing product to a product potentially free of complexing proteins, which has low immunogenicity, may be a viable therapeutic option in secondary non-responder patients.