Bladder symptoms among polio survivors
Lise Kay, Merete Bertelsen
Center of Rehabilitation, The Danish Association of polio and acident victims, DK-2610 Rodovre, Denmark. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: To describe bladder symptoms among polio survivors and the inconvenience they cause.
Design: A survey using the validated Danish Prostatic Symptom Score questionnaire concerning bladder symptoms.
Subjects: A random age- and gender-stratified sample of polio survivors drawn from members of the Danish Society of Polio and Accident Victims.
Methods: Eligible subjects were sent the questionnaire by post.
Results: Of 453 eligible subjects 272 responded. Within 2 weeks 87.5% of respondents had experienced at least one bladder symptom, and 76.5% reported that they had been bothered by a bladder symptom. Out of the 12 symptoms in the questionnaire we found a significant gender difference, with straining and weak stream reported more often among men, and urge incontinence reported more often among women. Incontinence occurred significantly more often among women (73.3%) than among men (40.9%). Compared with a similar study of the background population, bladder symptoms overall occurred approximately twice as often among polio survivors.
Conclusion: The majority of polio survivors experience bladder symptoms, prevalences being approximately twice as high as in the background population. Furthermore, polio survivors to a much larger extent find their bladder symptoms bothersome. A successful rehabilitation programme should therefore also focus on these symptoms.
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