Content

Content - Volume 45, Issue 6

Editors choice in this issue

SPECIAL REPORT
When is a research question not a research question?
Nancy E. Mayo, Miho Asano, Skye Pamela Barbic
Background: Research is undertaken to answer important questions yet often the question is poorly expressed and lacks information on the population, the exposure or intervention, the comparison, and the outcome. An optimal research question sets out what the investigator wants to know, not what the investigator might do, nor what the results of the study might ultimately contribute. Objective: Th ...
Pages: 513-518
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All articles

SPECIAL REPORT
When is a research question not a research question?
Nancy E. Mayo, Miho Asano, Skye Pamela Barbic
Background: Research is undertaken to answer important questions yet often the question is poorly expressed and lacks information on the population, the exposure or intervention, the comparison, and the outcome. An optimal research question sets out what the investigator wants to know, not what the investigator might do, nor what the results of the study might ultimately contribute. Objective: Th ...
Pages: 513-518
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A psychometric evaluation of the Arm Motor Ability Test
Michael W. O’Dell, Grace Kim , Lisa Rivera , Robert Fieo, Paul Christos, Caitlin Polistena , Kerri Fitzgerald, Delia Gorga
Objective: To further examine the psychometric properties of a 9-item version of the Arm Motor Ability Test (AMAT-9) in persons with stroke. Subjects: Thirty-two community-dwelling persons > 6 months post-stroke undergoing robotics treatment (mean age = 56.0 years, time post-stroke = 4.1 years, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score = 4.1, and A ...
Pages: 519-527
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ORIGINAL REPORT
“I am not living my life”: Lived experience of participation in everyday occupations after stroke in Tehran
Mandana Fallahpour, Hans Jonsson, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Kerstin Tham
Objective: To describe and understand the lived experience and to identify what characterizes the phenomenon of participation in everyday occupations after stroke, in Tehran, Iran. Methods: Eight individuals with stroke, who had previously been admitted to a neurological hospital ward in Tehran, were interviewed in-depth on one occasion. Data were collected and analysed using the Empirical, Pheno ...
Pages: 528-534
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Is gait speed or walking distance a better predictor for community walking after stroke?
Merel Bijleveld-Uitman, Ingrid van de Port, Gert Kwakkel
Objective: To determine if gait speed or walking distance is a better predictor for community walking after stroke. Methods: Data from the FIT-Stroke trial were used in a cross-sectional design. Community walking was measured with a self-administered questionnaire. The 5-m timed walk and the 6-min walk were used to assess gait speed and walking distance. With bivariate regression analyses the ass ...
Pages: 535-540
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Ankle dorsiflexor, not plantarflexor strength, predicts the functional mobility of people with spastic hemiplegia
Shamay S. M. Ng, Chistina W.Y. Hui-Chan
Objective: To determine the relationships between affected ankle dorsiflexion strength, other ankle muscle strength measurements, plantarflexor spasticity, and Timed “Up & Go” (TUG) times in people with spastic hemiplegia after stroke. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: A university-based rehabilitation centre. Participants: Seventy-three subjects with spastic hemiplegia. Main outco ...
Pages: 541-545
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Combined information from resting-state functional connectivity and passive movements with functional magnetic resonance imaging differentiates fast late-onset motor recovery from progressive recovery in hemiplegic stroke patients: A pilot study
Tae-Du Jung, Ji-Young Kim, Jee-Hye Seo, Seong-Uk Jin, Hui Joong Lee, So-Hyun Lee, Yang-Soo Lee, Yongmin Chang
Objective: To investigate the value of combining information from resting-state functional connectivity and passive movements, measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), in acute stroke patients with severe motor impairment. Subjects: Eight patients with severe left upper limb motor impairment underwent a passive movement task with fMRI and resting-state fMRI, 3 weeks following s ...
Pages: 546-552
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Wheelchair skills performance between discharge and one year after inpatient rehabilitation in hand-rim wheelchair users with spinal cord injury
Osnat Fliess-Douer, Yves C. Vanlandewijck, Marcel W.M Post, Lucas H. V. van der Woude, Sonja de Groot
Objective: To study possible changes in wheelchair skills in participants with spinal cord injury between discharge and 1 year after rehabilitation, and to determine whether changes in wheelchair skills performance are related to lesion and personal characteristics, self-efficacy, and wheelchair satisfaction. Study design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Eight rehabilitation centres with spin ...
Pages: 553-559
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Bladder symptoms among polio survivors
Lise Kay, Merete Bertelsen
Objective: To describe bladder symptoms among polio survivors and the inconvenience they cause. Design: A survey using the validated Danish Prostatic Symptom Score questionnaire concerning bladder symptoms. Subjects: A random age- and gender-stratified sample of polio survivors drawn from members of the Danish Society of Polio and Accident Victims. Methods: Eligible subjects were sent the que ...
Pages: 560-564
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The mini-BESTest can predict Parkinsonian recurrent fallers: A 6-month prospective study
Margaret K.Y. Mak, Mandy M Auyeung
Objectives: To examine whether the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest) independently predicts recurrent falls in people with Parkinson’s disease. Design: The study used a longitudinal cohort design. Subjects: A total of 110 patients with Parkinson’s disease completed the study and were included in the final analysis. Most of the patients had moderate disease severity. Meth ...
Pages: 565-571
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Short-term cardiovascular physical programme ameliorates arterial stiffness and decreases oxidative stress in women with metabolic syndrome
Marcos Antonio Eleutério-Silva, Lucas José Sá da Fonseca , Elizabeth P.P. Velloso, Glaucevane da Silva Guedes, Walkyria O. Sampaio , Weriton Ferreira da Silva, Marco Antonio Mota-Gomes , Lucy V. da Silva Lima, Robson Augusto S. Santos , Luiza A. Rabelo
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a short-term cardiovascular physical programme on the metabolic, anthropometric and oxidative stress parameters of women with metabolic syndrome. Methods: Thirty sedentary female patients, age range 30–60 years, were invited to participate in a 6-week cardiovascular physical programme. The training consisted of 60-min sessions of aerobic and strength exercis ...
Pages: 572-579
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Being in an exchange process: Experiences of patient participation in multimodal pain rehabilitation
Catharina Nordin, Gunvor Gard, Anncristine Fjellman-Wiklund
Objective: To explore primary healthcare patients’ experiences of patients participation in multimodal pain rehabilitation. Patients and methods: A total of 17 patients who had completed multimodal rehabilitation for persistent pain were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: One theme, Being in an exchange process, and 4 categories emerged. The ...
Pages: 580-586
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Change in health-related quality of life in the first 18 months after lower limb amputation: A prospective, longitudinal study
Lauren V. Fortington, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Joline C. Bosmans, Wendy J Post , Jan H.B. Geertzen
Objective: To describe changes in health-related quality of life in people with lower limb amputation, from time of amputation to 18 months, taking into consideration the influence of age and walking distance. In addition, quality of life for people with amputation is compared with the Dutch population norm values. Design: Multicentre, longitudinal study. Subjects: All people undergoing first am ...
Pages: 587-594
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Neural reorganization following bilateral injury of the fornix crus in a patient with traumatic brain injury
Sang Seok Yeo, Sung Ho Jang
Objective: We report on a patient who appeared to demonstrate neural reorganization after head trauma resulting in bilateral injury of the fornix crus. Case report: A 58-year-old male patient and 8 control subjects were recruited. The patient had undergone head trauma as the result of a car accident and had lost consciousness for 30 min. Brain magnetic resonance imaging, performed 3 years after ...
Pages: 595-598
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CASE REPORT
An in-depth, longitudinal examination of the daily physical activity of a patient with heart failure using a Nintendo Wii at home: A case report
Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg
Objective: To explore the influence of the Nintendo Wii on the daily physical activity of a patient with chronic heart failure at home. Methods: A 74-year-old Swedish patient with heart failure had access to a Nintendo Wii at home for 12 weeks. Exercise motivation, exercise self-efficacy and exercise capacity were assessed before and after the intervention. Data on perceived physical effort, glob ...
Pages: 599-602
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Early rehabilitation prevents disability after earthquake: A letter to international rehabilitation colleagues
Shasha Li , Chengqi He
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 603-603
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Bypassing the challenges of lower-limb electromyography by using ultrasonography: AnatoMUS-II
Levent Özçakar, Murat Kara, Bülent Yalçın, Elif Yalçın, Tülay Tiftik, Sedat Develi , Fatih Yazar
Pages: 604-605
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