Content » Vol 47, Issue 1

Review article

Systematic review of patient-reported outcome measures for functional performance in the lower limb

Stephen Ashford, Susan Brown , Lynne Turner-Stokes
Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, King's College London, HA1 3UJ London, United Kingdom. E-mail:
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1889


Objective: To identify psychometrically evaluated patient-reported outcome measures reflective of ‘real-life’ function (active and passive) for application following focal rehabilitation interventions in the lower limb after stroke or brain injury.
Data sources: A literature search conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, National Health Service National Research Register, MRC Clinical Trials directory, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), Google Scholar and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Study selection: Interventional study designs using patient-reported outcome measures for outcome evaluation meeting the review objective.
Data extraction: Evaluation of the psychometric properties used the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) process, by two independent reviewers reaching consensus, with adjudication by a third reviewer.
Data synthesis: One-hundred and thirteen studies were identified following initial review of the abstracts, yielding 12 outcome measures. Eight measures were identified, which were relevant to real life functional performance. These were the Brain Injury Community Rehabilitation Outcome, Climbing Stairs Questionnaire, Human Activity Profile, Lower Extremity Functional Scale, Nottingham Extended ADL Index, Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI), Sickness Impact Profile, Stroke Impact Scale.
Conclusions: All measures addressed active function, with none evaluating passive function. The RMI met most psychometric criteria, but may have a ceiling effect for high functioning patients.

Lay Abstract


Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.