Content

Content - Volume 47, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of rehabilitation and botulinum toxin injection on gait in chronic stroke patients: A randomized controlled study
Nicolas Roche, Raphaël Zory, Antoine Sauthier , Celine Bonnyaud, Didier Pradon, Djamel Bensmail
Background: Botulinum toxin injections are used to treat spasticity in stroke. Although this treatment is effective on muscle tone, its effect on functional gait-related activities remains uncertain. Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of a self-rehabilitation programme as an adjunct to botulinum toxin injections on gait-related activities in patient ...
Pages: 31-37
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All articles

EDITORIAL
We prioritize RCTs
Bengt H. Sjölund
Abstract is missing (Editorial)
Pages: 1-0
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SPECIAL REPORT
ICD-11: A comprehensive picture of health, an update on the ICD–ICF joint use initiative
Melissa Selb, Friedbert Kohler, Molly Meri Robinson Nicol , Marcelo Riberto, Gerold Stucki, Cille Kennedy, Bedirhan Üstün
Background: This is a follow-up of the special report Towards the joint use of ICD and ICF: A call for contribution, published by the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine in 2012, which introduced an initiative of using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in a complementary way in clinical practice. Recog ...
Pages: 2-8
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Systematic review of patient-reported outcome measures for functional performance in the lower limb
Stephen Ashford, Susan Brown , Lynne Turner-Stokes
Objective: To identify psychometrically evaluated patient-reported outcome measures reflective of ‘real-life’ function (active and passive) for application following focal rehabilitation interventions in the lower limb after stroke or brain injury. Data sources: A literature search conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, National Health Service National Research Register, ...
Pages: 9-17
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Machines that go ”ping” may improve balance but may not improve mobility or reduce risk of falls: A systematic review
Amy M Dennett, Nicholas F. Taylor
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of computer-based electronic devices that provide feedback in improving mobility and balance and reducing falls. Data sources: Randomized controlled trials were searched from the earliest available date to August 2013. Data extraction: Standardized mean differences were used to complete meta-analyses, with statistical heterogeneity being described with ...
Pages: 18-30
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of rehabilitation and botulinum toxin injection on gait in chronic stroke patients: A randomized controlled study
Nicolas Roche, Raphaël Zory, Antoine Sauthier , Celine Bonnyaud, Didier Pradon, Djamel Bensmail
Background: Botulinum toxin injections are used to treat spasticity in stroke. Although this treatment is effective on muscle tone, its effect on functional gait-related activities remains uncertain. Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of a self-rehabilitation programme as an adjunct to botulinum toxin injections on gait-related activities in patient ...
Pages: 31-37
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Echocardiographic abnormalities in patients with stroke during the subacute rehabilitation phase
Masahiro Tsujikawa , Yohei Otaka, Rei Hasegawa, Kunitsugu Kondo , Meigen Liu
Objective: To evaluate cardiac function using echocardiography in patients with stroke admitted to subacute rehabilitation units. Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Participants: A total of 750 consecutive patients with stroke who were admitted to a suburban rehabilitation hospital. Mean age 67.5 years (standard deviation (SD) 12.3 years). Mean time since stroke 36.7 days (SD 13.2 da ...
Pages: 38-44
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Parkinson’s disease: A population-based investigation of life satisfaction and employment
Helena Gustafsson , Peter Nordström, Stefan Stråhle , Anna Nordström
Objective: To investigate relationships between individuals’ socioeconomic situations and quality of life in working-aged subjects with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: A population-based cohort comprising 1,432 people with Parkinson’s disease and 1,135 matched controls, who responded to a questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with life satisf ...
Pages: 45-51
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Patterns of acute whiplash-associated disorder in the Lithuanian population after road traffic accidents
Evelina Pajediene , Jolita Janusauskaite , Gintaute Samusyte, Kestutis Stasaitis , Kestutis Petrikonis , Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar
Objective: To investigate acute whiplash-associated disorder in the Lithuanian population who are unaware of the phenomenon. Design: Controlled cohort study. Subjects/patients: Seventy-one patients were enrolled from the emergency departments of the Kaunas region of Lithuania following road traffic accidents, examined within 3–14 days after the accident, and compared with 53 matched controls. ...
Pages: 52-57
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Multiprofessional teamwork in work-related medical rehabilitation for patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders
Betje Schwarz , Silke Neuderth, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Matthias Bethge
Objective: Systematic reviews indicate the effectiveness of multimodal rehabilitation. In Germany this has been shown, in particular, for work-related medical rehabilitation. A recently published guideline on work-related medical rehabilitation supports the dissemination of these programmes. The feasibility of this guideline was examined in a multicentre study. This paper presents findings on the ...
Pages: 58-65
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Shoulder pain in primary care – Part 2: Predictors of clinical outcome to 12 months
Mark Laslett, Michael Steele, Wayne Hing, Peter McNair, Angela Cadogan
Objective: Identify predictor variables and models for clinical outcomes for primary care shoulder pain patients to 12 months follow-up. Design: A non-randomized audit with measures of pain and disability at 3 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. Patients: Of 208 patients, 161 agreed to participate with 96.9, 98.1, 87.0 and 83.9% follow-up at 3 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months respectively. Treatment consisted of ...
Pages: 66-71
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ORIGINAL REPORT
An examination of camptocormia assessment by dynamic quantification of sagittal posture
Mathieu Panchoa de Sèze, Etienne Guillaud, Laure Slugacz, Jean René Cazalets
Objective: Camptocormia is a disabling pathology of the axial system that debilitates patients in their daily life. To date, there have been no studies evaluating the impact of camptocormia on walking performance. This study presents a new method for assessing sagittal posture under walking conditions in patients with camptocormia. Design: The severity of camptocormia was evaluated by measuring s ...
Pages: 72-79
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Balance ability measured with the Berg Balance Scale: A determinant of fall history in community-dwelling adults with leg amputation
Christopher Kevin Wong, Christine C. Chen, Wren M. Blackwell , Rana T. Rahal , Stephany A. Benoy
Objective: Falls are common among adults with leg amputations and associated with balance confidence. But subjective confidence is not equivalent with physical ability. This multivariate analyses of community-dwelling adults with leg amputations examined relationships among individual characteristics, falls, balance ability and balance confidence. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects/Patients ...
Pages: 80-86
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Dynamics of endogenous endothelial progenitor cells homing modulated by physiological ischaemia training
Chunxiao Wan, Jianan Li, Chengjian Yang, Dayi Hu, Sheng Bi
Objective: To locate and trace endogenous endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in rabbits subjected to myocardial ischaemia and/or physiological ischaemia training. Methods: Rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: a myocardial ischaemia group (subjected to myocardial ischaemia only); a physiological ischaemia training group (subjected to physiological ischaemia training only); a physiological ...
Pages: 87-93
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