Home-based supervised exercise versus hospital-based supervised exercise or unsupervised walk advice as treatment for intermittent claudication: A systematic review
Maria Bäck, Lennart Jivegård, Anna Johansson, Joakim Nordanstig, Therese Svanberg, Ulla Wikberg Adania, Petteri Sjögren
Department of Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy, Vita Stråket 13, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Sahlgrenska, SE-413 45 Gothenburg, Sweden. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: To evaluate the effects of home-based supervised exercise vs hospital-based supervised exercise, and the effects of home-based supervised exercise vs unsupervised “go home and walk advice” on daily life and corridor-walking capacity, health-related quality of life and patient-reported functional walking capacity in patients with intermittent claudication.
Data sources: Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, ProQuest, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), the Cochrane Library, and a number of Health Technology Assessment (HTA)-databases in October 2014.
Study selection: Randomized controlled trials and non-randomized controlled trials (> 100 patients) were considered for inclusion.
Data extraction: Data extraction and risk of bias assessment was performed independently and discussed in meetings.
Data synthesis: Seven randomized controlled trials and 2 non-randomized controlled studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The included studies had some, or major, limitations.
Conclusion: Based on a low quality of evidence, home-based supervised exercise may lead to less improvement in maximum and pain-free walking distance, and in more improvement in daily life walking capacity, compared with hospital-based supervised exercise. Home-based supervised exercise may improve maximum and pain-free walking distance compared with “go home and walk advice” and result in little or no difference in health-related quality of life and functional walking capacity compared with hospital-based supervised exercise or “go home and walk advice”. Further research is needed to establish the optimal exercise modality for these patients.
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