Content » Vol 53, Issue 3

Original report

Describing community-based rehabilitation services in Indonesia by using The International Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation 2.0

Boya Nugraha, Irma Ruslina Defi, Riri Prima Yolanda, Melda Warliani, Vitriana Biben, Jennie Jennie, Husnul Mubarak, Nilla Mayasari, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine , Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str.1, DE-30625 Hannover, Germany. E-mail:
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2804


Objective: Describing rehabilitation services in a standardized way is a challenge. The International Classification of Service Organizations in Rehabil-itation (ICSO-R) 2. 0 was published for this purpose. The ICSO-R was criticized for being tested mainly in high-income countries, and because the testing in lower-income countries did not include community-based rehabilitation services. Therefore, this study was performed to describe community-based rehabilitation services by using ICSO-R 2. 0.
Methods: The ICSO-R 2. 0 was used to describe 8 community-based rehabilitation services located in 3 cities in 3 different provinces in Indonesia: 6 community-based rehabilitation services in Bandung, West Java; 1 in Tanah Datar, West Sumatra; and 1 in Gowa, South Sulawesi.
Results: All the community-based rehabilitation services were owned by the government, as a public body, and in the context of the community. The 6 community-based rehabilitation services in Bandung, West Java, are under the government city of Bandung, while the other 2, from Tanah Datar and Gowa, are integrated within primary healthcare centres.
Social welfare supports all 6 community-based rehabilitation services in Bandung. The other 2 community-based rehabilitation services are supported by their respective primary healthcare centres.
Conclusion: The ICSO-R 2. 0 is a feasible tool to describe rehabilitation services, including community-based rehabilitation.

Lay Abstract

The International Classification of Service Organizations in Rehabilitation (ICSO-R) 2.0 was published as a frame-work to support describing rehabilitation service organizations. The process of development of the ICSO-R did not include Community-Based Rehabilitation Services. Therefore, to rectify this, ICSO-R 2.0 was used for this study. Eight community-based rehabilitation services were surveyed, located in 3 cities in Indonesia; namely Bandung, Tanah Datar, and Gowa. This study found that ICSO-R 2.0 can be used to describe rehabilitation services not only in hospitals, but also in the community.


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