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Content - Volume 36, Issue 43

Editors choice in this issue

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Foreword
Hans von Holst A1, Etienne Kruge A2, Jon Schubert A3, Åke Nygren A4
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 4-0
Scientific Abstract  PDF
You cannot make informed choices without information
Andrew D. Oxman Department of Health Services Research Norwegian Directorate for Health and Social Welfare Oslo Norway
Informed choices require information that is relevant, valid and accessible. Systematic reviews of the effects of alternative strategies provide information that is essential but not sufficient for recommendations about how best to manage mild brain injury or other problems. Work such as that of the Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury make decisions easier and better informed. To achieve bet ...
Pages: 5-7
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Mandate of the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
Hans von Holst A1 and J. David Cassidy A3
In collaboration with outside experts, the WHO Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma at the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, has assembled a task force to undertake a best-evidence synthesis of the literature on mild traumatic brain injury. The task force has addressed the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and economic costs of mild traumatic brain injury in order to make recomm ...
Pages: 8-10
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Systematic search and review procedures: results of the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
Linda J. Carroll A1, J David Cassidy A1, Paul M. Peloso A4, Chantelle Garritty A5, Lori Giles-Smith A1
The WHO Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury performed a comprehensive search and critical review of the literature published between 1980 and 2002 to assemble the best evidence on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of mild traumatic brain injury. Our primary sources of literature were Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Embase. Citations were ...
Pages: 11-14
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Mild traumatic brain injury after traffic collisions: a population-based inception cohort study
J. David Cassidy A1, Linda Carroll A1, Pierre Côté A4, Lena Holm A3, Åke Nygren A3
Objective: To study the incidence and claim closure of traffic-related mild traumatic brain injury and the effect of insurance factors. Design: Population-based, cohort study of mild traumatic brain injury caused by traffic collisions in Saskatchewan, Canada, between July 1, 1994 and December 31, 1995. On January 1, 1995 the insurance law changed from tort to no fault. Subjects:Pages: 15-21
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Mild traumatic brain injuries presenting to swedish hospitals in 1987-2000
Objective: To evaluate the incidence and causes of mild traumatic brain injury in Sweden. Design: Retrospective, population-based incidence cohort study. Subjects: All persons presenting to hospitals in Sweden between 1987 and 2000 with a discharge diagnosis of ICD-9 code 850 and ICD-10 code S0.60. Methods: Data source was the Hospital Discharge Register at the National ...
Pages: 22-27
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Incidence, risk factors and prevention of mild traumatic brain injury: results of the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
J. David Cassidy A1, Linda J. Carroll A1, Paul M. Peloso A4, Jörgen Borg A5, Hans von Holst A6, Lena Holm A3, Jess Kraus A7, Victor G. Coronado A8
Objective: We undertook a best-evidence synthesis on the incidence, risk factors and prevention of mild traumatic brain injury. Methods: Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Embase were searched for relevant articles. After screening 38,806 abstracts, we critically reviewed 169 studies on incidence, risk and prevention, and accepted 121 (72%). Results: The accepted articles show that ...
Pages: 28-60
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Diagnostic procedures in mild traumatic brain injury: results of the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
Jörgen Borg A1, Lena Holm A2, J. David Cassidy A2, Paul M. Peloso A5, Linda J. Carroll A3, Hans von Holst A6, Kaj Ericson A7
We examined diagnostic procedures in mild traumatic brain injury by a systematic literature search. After screening 38,806 abstracts, we critically reviewed 228 diagnostic studies and accepted 73 (32%). The estimated prevalence of intracranial CT scan abnormalities is 5% in patients presenting to hospital with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 15 and 30% or higher in patients presenting with a score o ...
Pages: 61-75
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Non-surgical intervention and cost for mild traumatic brain injury: results of the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
Jörgen Borg A1, Lena Holm A2, Paul M. Peloso A3, J. David Cassidy A2, Linda J. Carroll A4, Hans von Holst A6, Chris Paniak A7, David Yates A8
We examined the evidence for non-surgical interventions and for economic costs for mild traumatic brain injury patients by a systematic search of the literature and a best-evidence synthesis. After screening 38,806 abstracts, we critically reviewed 45 articles on intervention and accepted 16 (36%). We reviewed 16 articles on economic costs and accepted 7 (44%). We found some evidence that early ed ...
Pages: 76-83
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Prognosis for mild traumatic brain injury: results of the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
Linda J Carroll A1, J. David Cassidy A1, Paul M. Peloso A4, Jörgen Borg A5, Hans von Holst A6, Lena Holm A3, Chris Paniak A7, Michel Pépin A8
We searched the literature on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and costs of mild traumatic brain injury. Of 428 studies related to prognosis after mild traumatic brain injury, 120 (28%) were accepted after critical review. These comprise our best-evidence synthesis on prognosis after mild traumatic brain injury. There was consistent and methodologically sound evidence that childre ...
Pages: 84-105
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Critical evaluation of the existing guidelines on mild traumatic brain injury
Paul M. Peloso A1, Linda J. Carroll A2, J. David Cassidy A2, Jörgen Borg A5, Hans von Holst A6, Lena Holm A4, David Yates A7
The purpose of guidelines is to reduce practice variability, but they need to be evidence-based. We examine current mild traumatic brain injury guidelines, critique their basis in evidence and examine their variability in recommendations. A systematic search of the literature found 38,806 abstracts, with 41 guidelines. There were 18 sports-related guidelines, 13 related to admission policies, 12 r ...
Pages: 106-112
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Methodological issues and research recommendations for mild traumatic brain injury: the who collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury
Linda J Carroll A1, J. David Cassidy A1, Lena Holm A3, Jess Kraus A4, Victor G. Coronado A5
The WHO Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury performed a comprehensive search and critical review of the literature published between 1980 and 2002 to assemble the best evidence on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of mild traumatic brain injury. Of 743 relevant studies, 313 were accepted on scientific merit and comprise our best-evidenc ...
Pages: 113-125
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Appendixes
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 126-132
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Appendix B: supplementary bibliography
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 132-144
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