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Content - Volume 39, Issue 3

Editors choice in this issue

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REVIEW ARTICLE
Stroke Rehabilitation: Evidence-based or evidence-tinged?
Marion F. Walker
The evidence to support stroke rehabilitation has expanded dramatically in the last decade. In order to ensure that the resultant research findings can be generalized to all patients after stroke, research in the next decade must shift to multicentre trial activity. Published evidence from the stroke unit, early supported discharge and out-patient trials is strong and supports the beneficial effec ...
Pages: 193-197
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Allocation of rehabilitation measures provided by the Social Insurance Institution in Finland: a register linkage study
Heikki Suoyrjö, Katariina Hinkka, Mika Kivimäki, Timo Klaukka, Jaana Pentti and Jussi Vahtera
Objective: To study the allocation of rehabilitation measures provided by the Finnish Social Insurance Institution in relation to the characteristics and health status of rehabilitants. Design: A register linkage study. Subjects: A total of 67,106 full-time local government employees with a minimum of 10-month job contracts in 10 Finnish towns during the period 1994–2002. Methods: Data on th ...
Pages: 198-204
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Additional therapeutic effects of electroacupuncture in conjunction with conventional rehabilitation for patients with first-ever ischaemic stroke
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Liang-Yi Wang and Wen-Chung Lee
Objective: This study examined the additional therapeutic effects of electroacupuncture for patients with first-ever ischaemic stroke. Design: Randomized controlled study. Subjects: A total of 63 patients with first-ever ischaemic stroke. Methods: The study and control groups underwent a conventional rehabilitation program, with the former receiving an additional 8 courses of electroacupuncture ...
Pages: 205-211
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Phase II trial to evaluate the ActiGait implanted drop-foot stimulator in established hemiplegia
Jane Burridge, Morten Haugland, Birgit Larsen, Ruth M. Pickering, Niels Svaneborg, Helle K. Iversen, P. Brøgger Christensen, Jens Haase, Jannick Brennum and Thomas Sinkjaer
Objective: To evaluate a selective implantable drop foot stimulator (ActiGait) in terms of effect on walking and safety. Design: A phase II trial in which a consecutive sample of participants acted as their own controls. Subjects: People who had suffered a stroke at least 6 months prior to recruitment and had a drop-foot that affected walking were recruited from 3 rehabilitation centres in Denma ...
Pages: 212-218
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Comparison of life satisfaction within couples one year after a partner's stroke
Gunnel E. Carlsson, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby, Anders Möller and Christian Blomstrand
Objective: To compare life satisfaction within couples one year after a partner’s stroke and with norm values and social factors. Subjects and methods: A total of 56 couples were consecutively included. The respondents estimated life satisfaction using the Life Satisfaction Checklist 9-item version. Patients’ impair­ments, self-care ability and handicap were assessed. Social characteristics ...
Pages: 219-224
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Selecting the appropriate outcome in paediatric physical therapy; how individual treatment goals of children with cerebral palsy are reflected in GMFM-88 and PEDI
Vivian Engelen, Marjolijn Ketelaar and Jan Willem Gorter
Objective: To assess to what extent individual physical therapy treatment goals for children with cerebral palsy are reflected in 2 standardized measures: the GMFM-88 and the PEDI. Subjects: A total of 36 paediatric physical therapists working in primary healthcare with children with cerebral palsy in their caseload. Methods: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Heal ...
Pages: 225-231
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Improved performance in activities of daily living and mobility after a multidisciplinary postoperative rehabilitation in older people with femoral neck fracture: a randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up
Michael Stenvall, Birgitta Olofsson, Lars Nyberg, Maria Lundström and Yngve Gustafson
Objective: To investigate the short- and long-term effects of a multidisciplinary postoperative rehabilitation programme in patients with femoral neck fracture. Design and Subjects: A randomized controlled trial in patients (n = 199) with femoral neck fracture, aged ≥ 70 years. Methods: The primary outcomes were: living conditions, walking ability and activities of daily living performance on ...
Pages: 232-238
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A prospective comparison of cardiac rehabilitation enrollment following automatic vs usual referral
Sherry L. Grace, Patricia Scholey, Neville Suskin, Heather M. Arthur, Dina Brooks, Susan Jagla, Beth L. Abramson and Donna E. Stewart
Objective: Cardiac rehabilitation remains grossly under-utilized despite its proven benefits. This study prospectively compared verified cardiac rehabilitation enrollment follow­ing automatic vs usual referral, postulating that automatic referral would result in significantly greater enrollment for cardiac rehabilitation. Design: Prospective controlled multi-center study. Patients and methods: ...
Pages: 239-245
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Benefit of outpatient cardiac rehabilitation in under-represented patient subgroups
Raban V. Jeger, Lucas Jörg, Peter Rickenbacher, Matthias E. Pfisterer and Andreas Hoffmann
Objective: To assess the effect of outpatient cardiac rehabilitation in important patient subgroups. Design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: Consecutive patients from March 1999 until July 2003. Methods: This study assessed the results of symptom-limited bicycle stress testing and health-related quality of life (Profil der Lebensqualität Chronisch Kranker) at baseline and after a 3-month r ...
Pages: 246-251
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A Randomized Study of New Sling Exercise Treatment vs Traditional Physiotherapy for Patients with Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders with unsettled Compensation Claims
John Vikne, Arit Oedegaard, Even Laerum, Camilla Ihlebaek and Gitle Kirkesola
Background: Many patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders have reduced neuromuscular control of the neck and head. It has been proposed that a new sling exercise therapy may promote neuromuscular control of the neck. Objectives: To compare the effects of traditional physio­therapy vs traditional physiotherapy combined with a new sling exercise therapy on discomfort and function in pa ...
Pages: 252-259
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Generalized pain is associated with more negative consequences than local or regional pain: A study of chronic whiplash-associated disorders
Michael Peolsson, Björn Börsbo and Björn Gerdle
Objective: The main aims of this study were: (i) to determine, for chronic whiplash-associated disorders, whether widespread pain has more severe consequences for other symptoms and different aspects of perceived health than does local/regional pain; (ii) to investigate whether pain, depression, and symptoms not directly related to pain are intercorrelated and to what extent these symptoms correla ...
Pages: 260-269
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BOOK REVIEW
Book review
Pages: 269-269
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Erratum
In Langhorne, P., Widén-Holmqvist, L. for the Early Supported Discharge trialists. Early supported discharge after stroke. J Rehabil Med 2007; 39: 103–108 the affiliation of one of the authors is wrong:
The correct address should be: Peter Langhorne1 and Lotta Widén-Holmqvist2 for ...
Pages: 269-269
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