Content

Content - Volume 44, Issue 4

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in physical and rehabilitation medicine
Levent Özçakar, Fatih Tok, Martine De Muynck, Guy Vanderstraeten
Musculoskeletal ultrasound has gained a significant place in the diagnosis and management of various musculoskeletal disorders due to its several advantages (being convenient, inexpensive, non-invasive, repeatable, providing dynamic imaging and not requiring any exposure to radiation). It has also become a valuable tool in the daily clinical practice of physical and rehabilitation medicine physici ...
Pages: 310-318
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SPECIAL REPORT
A position paper on Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine programmes in post-acute settings Union of European Medical Specialists Section of Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine (in conjunction with the European Society of Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine)
Anthony B. Ward, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Alessandro Giustini, Alain Delarque, Veronika Fialka-Moser, Carlotte Kiekens, Mihai Berteanu, Nicolas Christodoulou
Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) programmes in post-acute settings cover interventions for the rehabilitation of people with a variety of disabling health conditions. The setting of the intervention is more important than the timing and these programmes can be carried out in a variety of facilities. This paper describes the role of PRM services and of PRM specialists in delivering rehabili ...
Pages: 289-298
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REVIEW ARTICLE
The added value of an actuated ankle-foot orthosis to restore normal gait function in patients with spinal cord injury: A systematic review
Saartje Duerinck, Eva Swinnen, Pieter Beyl , Friso Hagman, Ilse Jonkers, Peter Vaes, Peter Van Roy
Objective: To provide an overview of robot-assisted rehabilitation devices developed for actuation of the ankle-foot complex and their ability to influence the attributes of normal gait in patients with spinal cord injury. Methods: A search was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System, and Physiotherapy Evidence Data­base (1985–20 ...
Pages: 299-309
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in physical and rehabilitation medicine
Levent Özçakar, Fatih Tok, Martine De Muynck, Guy Vanderstraeten
Musculoskeletal ultrasound has gained a significant place in the diagnosis and management of various musculoskeletal disorders due to its several advantages (being convenient, inexpensive, non-invasive, repeatable, providing dynamic imaging and not requiring any exposure to radiation). It has also become a valuable tool in the daily clinical practice of physical and rehabilitation medicine physici ...
Pages: 310-318
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Stroke rehabilitation is associated with a reduction in dementia risk: A population-based retrospective cohort study
Yi-Chun Chou, Chien-Chang Liao , Li-Ting Su , Pei-Yu Yang, Fung-Chang Sung
Objective: Focusing on the relationship between physical activity and incident cognitive impairment, the aim of this study was to investigate whether stroke rehabilitation reduces the risk of dementia. Methods: Claims data of 1,000,000 insured subjects randomly selected from the National Health Insurance programme of Taiwan were used to identify adults with a newly diagnosed ischaemic stroke in 1 ...
Pages: 319-324
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Anti-spastic effects of the direct application of vibratory stimuli to the spastic muscles of hemiplegic limbs in post-stroke patients: A proof-of-principle study
Tomokazu Noma, Shuji Matsumoto, Megumi Shimodozono, Seiji Etoh, Kazumi Kawahira
Objective: To investigate whether the direct application of vibratory stimuli inhibits spasticity in the hemiplegic upper limbs of post-stroke patients. Design: A randomized controlled study. Subjects: Thirty-six post-stroke patients. Methods: Patients were randomly allocated to the “Rest group”, “Stretch group”, or “Direct application of vibratory stimuli group”. After relaxing in ...
Pages: 325-330
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Robot-assisted walking vs overground walking in stroke patients: An evaluation of muscle activity
Pieter Coenen, Guido van Werven, Michiel P. N van Nunen , Jaap H van Dieën , Karin H. L Gerrits, Thomas W.J. Janssen
Objective: There is increasing evidence that robot-assisted treadmill training might be useful for gait rehabilitation after stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the muscle activity of stroke patients during robot-assisted walking and overground walking, and of a group of able-bodied subjects during overground walking. Design: Case-control observational study. Subjects: Ten stroke subj ...
Pages: 331-337
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Usability testing of two e-learning resources: Methods to maximize potential for clinician use
Anita Menon, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Mark Chignell, Sharon Straus
Rationale and Objectives: Rigorous usability testing of e-learn­ing resources is an important prerequisite to their wide­spread use among clinicians. This study demonstrates the application of an evidence-based approach to usability testing of two stroke-related e-learning resources (StrokEngine). Methods: 14 stroke rehabilitation clinicians (occupational therapists and physiotherapists) from O ...
Pages: 338-345
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Transcranial direct current stimulation of the left prefrontal cortex improves attention in patients with traumatic brain injury: A pilot study
Eun-Kyoung Kang , Dae-Yul Kim, Nam-Jong Paik
Objective: To determine whether a single session of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex improves attention in patients with traumatic brain injury. Design: Double-blinded, cross-over design. Patients: Nine patients with attention deficit after traumatic brain injury. Methods: Patients underwent a computerized contrast reaction time task bef ...
Pages: 346-350
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cough assistance device for patients with glottis dysfunction and/or tracheostomy
Won Ah Choi, Jung Hyun Park, Dong Hyun Kim, Seong-Woong Kang
Objective: To estimate the efficiency of a cough assistance device, the Cough Aid, in patients with weak respiratory muscles with bulbar palsy and/or tracheostomy. The Cough Aid is a device that has been developed to substitute for glottis function. Design: Before-after trial. Subjects/patients: A total of 74 patients with bulbar palsy and/or tracheostomy, as well as respiratory muscle weakness, ...
Pages: 351-354
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Association between clinical and work-related interventions and return-to-work for patients with musculoskeletal or mental disorders
Charlotte Wåhlin, Kerstin Ekberg, Jan Persson, Lars Bernfort, Birgitta Öberg
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore what characterizes patients receiving clinical interventions vs combined clinical and work-related interventions in a cohort of sick-listed subjects with musculoskeletal or mental disorders. Factors associated with return-to-work were also analysed. Design: A prospective cohort study. Methods: A total of 699 newly sick-listed patients responded ...
Pages: 355-362
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validation of a questionnaire to detect kinesiophobia (fear of movement) in patients with coronary artery disease
Maria Bäck, Bengt Jansson, Åsa Cider, Johan Herlitz, Mari Lundberg
Objective: To investigate the validity and reliability of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia Heart (TSK-SV Heart), a brief questionnaire to detect kinesiophobia (fear of movement) in patients with coronary artery disease. Design: Methodological research (cross-sectional study). Subjects: A total of 332 patients, mean age 65 years (standard deviation 9.1) diagnosed with coronary artery disease at ...
Pages: 363-369
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of multidisciplinary early rehabilitation in reducing behaviour-related risk factors
Mikhail Saltychev, Katri Laimi, Ashraf El-Metwally, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Marianna Virtanen, Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a 4-week primary prevention programme on health-risk behaviours amongst employees at increased risk of work incapacity. Methods: Based on survey data and health records from 53,416 public sector employees in Finland, we identified 872 employees who participated in early rehabilitation after the baseline survey. We selected 2,440 propensity-score-matched contro ...
Pages: 370-377
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CASE REPORT
Delayed recovery of gait function in a patient with intracerebral haemorrhage
Hyeok Gyu Kwon, Sung Ho Jang
Objective: We report here on a patient with intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), who showed unusually delayed motor recovery of the leg, which started at 6 months after ICH onset. Case report: A 53-year-old man underwent craniotomy and drainage for a right putaminal ICH. The patient presented with complete paralysis of the left extremities at ICH onset. Despite having undergone rehabilitation starti ...
Pages: 378-380
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
AnatoMUS–I: Ultrasonographic imaging of the peripheral nerves of the upper limb
Levent Özçakar, Bülent Yalçın, Murat Kara, Elif Yalçın, Tülay Tiftik, Seda Gülbar , Sedat Develi , Fatih Yazar
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 381-382
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