Content - Volume 44, Issue 6

All articles

Consciousness and the vegetative state: Today Articles from the workshop held in July 6, 2010 in Salerno, Italy
Giuliano Dolce, Lucia F. Lucca and Walter G. Sannita
Complete Special Issue
Pages: 481-516
Abstract  PDF
Consciousness: today
Walter G. Sannita
Pages: 484-486
Abstract  HTML  PDF
Metabolic activity in external and internal awareness networks in severely brain-damaged patients
Aurore Thibaut, Marie-Aurélie Bruno, Camille Chatelle, Olivia Gosseries, Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Athena Demertzi, Caroline Schnakers, Marie Thonnard, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Claire Bernard, Mohammed Bahri, Christophe Phillips, Mélanie Boly, Roland Hustinx, Steven Laureys
Objective: An extrinsic cerebral network (encompassing lateral frontoparietal cortices) related to external/sensory awareness and an intrinsic midline network related to internal/self-awareness have been identified recently. This study measured brain metabolism in both networks in patients with severe brain damage. Design: Prospective [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography and Com ...
Pages: 487-494
Abstract  HTML  PDF
Heart rate variability and the central autonomic network in the severe disorder of consciousness
Francesco Riganello, Giuliano Dolce, Walter G. Sannita
Objective: To review the applicability of heart rate variability measures in research on severe disorder of consciousness. Methods: The available evidence on the correlation between heart rate variability measures and the outcome or residual functional state/responsiveness of severely brain-injured patients (including those in vegetative or minimally conscious states) are reviewed and discussed ...
Pages: 495-501
Abstract  HTML  PDF
Decreasing incidence of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity syndrome in the vegetative state
Loris Pignolo, Stefania Rogano, Maria Quintieri, Elio Leto, Giuliano Dolce
Objective: To update knowledge of the incidence of paroxys­mal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH, also referred to as dysautonomia), an emergency condition tentatively attributed to sympathetic paroxysms or diencephalic-hypothalamic disarrangement associated with severe diffuse brain axonal damage or hypoxia. This condition is reportedly common in the vegetative state, threatens survival and affects ...
Pages: 502-504
Abstract  HTML  PDF
Recovery of cognitive function during comprehensive rehabilitation after severe traumatic brain injury
José León-Carrión, María Rosario Domínguez-Morales, Juan Manuel Barroso y Martín, Umberto Leon-Dominguez
Objective: To explore the course and timing of functional recovery in patients who have emerged from coma after undergoing severe traumatic brain injury. Methods: An observational study involving 19 patients with traumatic brain injury recovered from coma who underwent holistic, intensive and multidisciplinary neurorehabilitation. Daily performance in each cognitive function (long-term memory, s ...
Pages: 505-511
Abstract  HTML  PDF
Neurorehabilitation for severe disorder of consciousness: the S. Anna – RAN operational model
Giuliano Dolce, Lucia F. Lucca, Maria Quintieri, Elio Leto, Stefania Rogano, Francesco Riganello, Loris Pignolo
The operational model and strategies designed for use in the S. Anna – Research in Advanced Neurorehabilitation Institute for the care and neurorehabilitation of subjects in the vegetative or minimally conscious states are described here. A total of 722 patients were admitted, cared for and discharged from the institute in the period 1998–2009. Application of the model approach has progressive ...
Pages: 512-516
Abstract  HTML  PDF