Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 3

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Mental practice maintains range of motion despite forearm immobilization: A pilot study in healthy persons
Marie O. Frenkel, Daniela S. Herzig , Florian Gebhard , Jan Mayer , Clemens Becker, Thomas Einsiedel
Objective: To determine whether mental practice of wrist movements during forearm immobilization maintains range of motion. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Participants: Eighteen healthy young men aged between 20 and 30 years were assigned to either a control or a mental practice group. Both groups were immobilized with a circular forearm cast for 3 weeks to simulate a distal radial fractur ...
Pages: 225-232
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
The corticospinal tract from the viewpoint of brain rehabilitation
Sung Ho Jang
The corticospinal tract, a major neural tract in the human brain for motor function, is concerned mainly with movement of the distal extremities. Preservation or recovery of the corticospinal tract is essential for good recovery of impaired motor function in patients with brain injury. Therefore, thorough and precise knowledge of the corticospinal tract is necessary for successful brain rehabilita ...
Pages: 193-199
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Temporal trends in oral intake ability 3 months after acute ischaemic stroke: Analysis of a single-centre database from 2003 to 2011
Makoto Nakajima, Yuichiro Inatomi , Toshiro Yonehara , Yoichiro Hashimoto , Teruyuki Hirano , Yukio Ando
Objective: To analyse the 9-year trend in oral intake ability 3 months after onset in acute stroke patients, with a view to indirect clarification of advances in acute stroke treatment and swallowing rehabilitation. Methods: A database of patients admitted to our hospital (Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital, Kumamoto) with acute ischaemic stroke between 2003 and 2011 was analysed. Exclusion criteria we ...
Pages: 200-205
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Inter-limb force coupling is resistant to distorted visual feedback in chronic hemiparetic stroke
Sheng Li, Ana Durand-Sanchez , Mark L. Latash
Objective: Interlimb coupling between impaired and non-impaired limbs after stroke has been a common observation. The aim of this study was to examine interlimb interactions in force production in responses to altered visual gain in hemiparetic stroke survivors. Design: prospective clinical study Methods: A convenient sample of 7 hemiparetic stroke subjects (3 women and 4 men; mean age 56.0 year ...
Pages: 206-211
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Prescribing upper limb exercises after stroke: A survey of current UK therapy practice
Louise A. Connell, Naoimh E. McMahon, Janice J. Eng, Caroline L. Watkins
Objective: To investigate the current practice of physiotherapists and occupational therapists in prescribing upper limb exercises to people after stroke and to explore differences between professions and work settings. Design: A cross-sectional survey design. Participants: Occupational therapists and physiotherapists working in UK stroke rehabilitation. Results: The survey’s response rat ...
Pages: 212-218
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The Mobility Scale for Acute Stroke predicts discharge destination after acute hospitalization
Megan L. Tinl, Madhuri K. Kale, Saloni Doshi, Anthony J. Guarino, Marianne Beninato
Objective: To evaluate the predictive validity of the Mobility Scale for Acute Stroke (MSAS) in determining discharge destination (home or not home) after an acute stroke. Design: Cohort study. Subjects: Two-hundred and twenty-three patients with acute ischemic or intraparenchymal hemorrhagic, unilateral stroke Methods: The MSAS was administered as part of the initial physical therapy examinat ...
Pages: 219-224
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Mental practice maintains range of motion despite forearm immobilization: A pilot study in healthy persons
Marie O. Frenkel, Daniela S. Herzig , Florian Gebhard , Jan Mayer , Clemens Becker, Thomas Einsiedel
Objective: To determine whether mental practice of wrist movements during forearm immobilization maintains range of motion. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Participants: Eighteen healthy young men aged between 20 and 30 years were assigned to either a control or a mental practice group. Both groups were immobilized with a circular forearm cast for 3 weeks to simulate a distal radial fractur ...
Pages: 225-232
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A structured physiotherapy treatment model can provide rapid relief to patients who qualify for lumbar disc surgery: A prospective cohort study
Gunilla Limbäck Svensson , Gunilla Kjellby Wendt, Roland Thomeé
Objective: To evaluate a structured physiotherapy treatment model in patients who qualify for lumbar disc surgery. Design: A prospective cohort study. Patients: Forty-one patients with lumbar disc herniation, diagnosed by clinical assessments and magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: Patients followed a structured physiotherapy treatment model, including Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT), t ...
Pages: 233-240
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability of isometric trunk moment measurements in healthy persons over 50 years of age
Thomas Kienbacher , Birgit Paul, Richard Habenicht , Christian Starek, Markus Wolf, Josef Kollmitzer, Gerold Ebenbichler
Objective: To determine the short- and long-term test-retest reliability of maximum isometric trunk moment measurements in healthy volunteers over 50 years of age, to compare these results with those from volunteers younger than 50 years, and to test whether volunteers’ anticipatory emotional state affects the precision of these measurements. Methods: Forty-two older persons (21 females; ag ...
Pages: 241-249
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Which patients improve the most after arthritis rehabilitation? A study of predictors in patients with inflammatory arthritis in Northern Europe, the STAR-ETIC collaboration
Sofia Hagel, Elisabet Lindqvist, Ingemar F. Petersson, Jorit J. L. Meesters, Mari Klokkerud, Gerd J. Aanerud , Inger H. Stovgaard, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Britta Strömbeck , Thea P. M. Vliet Vlieland, Ann Bremander
Objective: To study health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in arthritis rehabilitation performed by multidisciplinary teams in patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis. Predictors of change in health-related quality of life and the proportion of patients with clinical improvement were investigated. Design: Multicentre prospective observational study in 4 European countries. Methods: HRQoL ...
Pages: 250-257
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Fear of falling after hip fracture in vulnerable older persons rehabilitating in a skilled nursing facility
Jan H.M. Visschedijk, Monique A.A. Caljouw, Romke van Balen, Cees M.P.M. Hertogh, Wilco P. Achterberg
Objective: To identify factors that explain differences in patients with high and low levels of fear of falling after a hip fracture. Design: Cross-sectional study in 10 skilled nursing facilities in the Netherlands. Patients: A total of 100 patients aged ≥ 65 years admitted to a skilled nursing facility after a hip fracture. Methods: Participants were divided into 2 groups; low a ...
Pages: 258-263
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A single-blind, cross-over trial of hip abductor strength training to improve Timed Up & Go performance in patients with unilateral, transfemoral amputation
Tim Pauley, Michael Devlin, Pamela Madan-Sharma
Objective: To evaluate hip abductor strength-training for patients with unilateral transfemoral amputation. Design: Single-blind, cross-over (AB/BA) trial with randomization. Subjects: Seventeen patients with transfemoral amputation. Methods: Subjects completed 8-week programs of twice weekly hip abductor strength training or arm ergometry. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either the ...
Pages: 264-270
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Nature-assisted rehabilitation for reactions to severe stress and/or depression in a rehabilitation garden: Long-term follow-up including comparisons with a matched population-based reference cohort
Peter Währborg, Ingemar F. Petersson, Patrik Grahn
Objective: To determine the effect of a nature-assisted rehabilitation programme in a group of patients with reactions to severe stress and/or mild to moderate depression. Changes in sick-leave status and healthcare consumption in these patients were compared with those in a matched population-based reference cohort (treatment as usual). Design: Retrospective cohort study with a matched reference ...
Pages: 271-276
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Malnutrition is associated with poor rehabilitation outcome in elderly inpatients with hospital-associated deconditioning a prospective cohort study
Hidetaka Wakabayashi , Hironobu Sashika
Objective: To investigate the association between nutritional status and rehabilitation outcome in elderly inpatients with hospital-associated deconditioning. Design: A prospective cohort study. Subjects/patients: One hundred sixty-nine consecutive elderly inpatients diagnosed with hospital-associated deconditioning. Methods: Nutritional status at referral was assessed by the Mini Nutritional ...
Pages: 277-282
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Nine-year trajectory of purchases of prescribed pain medications before and after in-patient interdisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic musculoskeletal disorders: A prospective, cohort, register-based study of 4,365 subjects
Mikhail Saltychev, Katri Laimi, Tuula Oksanen, Marianna Virtanen, Jaana Pentti, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Objective: To investigate whether an interdisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic musculoskeletal disorders is associated with changes in the purchase of prescribed pain medication. Design: Prospective register-based study. Subjects: Employees in the public sector (n = 4,365) who participated in the rehabilitation programme between 1996 and 2009. Methods: The changes in annual purc ...
Pages: 283-286
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