Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 4

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Health-related quality of life in fibromyalgia and refractory angina pectoris: A comparison between two chronic non-malignant pain disorders
Paulin Andréll , Tomas Schultz, Kaisa Mannerkorpi, Lena Nordeman, Mats Börjesson, Clas Mannheimer
Objective: To compare health-related quality of life in 2 different populations with chronic pain: patients with fibromyalgia and patients with refractory angina pectoris. Previous separate studies have indicated that these patient groups report different impacts of pain on health-related quality of life. Methods: The Short-Form 36 was used to assess health- related quality of life. In order to ...
Pages: 341-347
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All articles

SPECIAL REPORT
Functional status of fracture victims four years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
Qiang Gao, Aaron Leung, Qiu Liang , Xiaotian Yang , Cheng Li , Lin Yang, Chengqi He
Objective: To investigate the functional status of fracture victims 4 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Methods: A total of 374 fracture victims who were admitted to the rehabilitation department of 5 municipal hospitals in the hardest hit areas in 2008 were interviewed face to face in 2012. Functional assessments, including muscle strength, range of motion, pain, activities of daily livi ...
Pages: 289-293
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REVIEW ARTICLE
The efficacy of oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for rotator cuff tendinopathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Jennifer Boudreault, François Desmeules, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Clermont Dionne , Pierre Frémont , Joy C. MacDermid
Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy of oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for rotator cuff tendinopathy. Design: Systematic review. Method: A literature search was conducted in 4 databases for randomized controlled trials published until 05/2013, comparing the efficacy of oral anti-inflammatory drugs to any other intervention. Studies characterist ...
Pages: 294-306
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Somatosensory impairments are common after stroke but have only a small impact on post-stroke shoulder pain
Ingrid Lindgren, Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Hans Westergren, Christina Brogårdh
Objective: To investigate whether somatosensory impairments are more common in individuals with post-stroke shoulder pain than in those without post-stroke shoulder pain and healthy controls. Design: Descriptive analysis of a convenience sample. Participants: Forty-nine individuals with stroke, 24 with and 25 without post-stroke shoulder pain (median age 65 years), and 11 age- and sex-matched h ...
Pages: 307-313
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Dynamic computerised hand dynamometry: Measuring outcomes following upper limb botulinum toxin-A injections in adults with acquired brain injury
Hannah L. Barden, Ian J. Baguley, Melissa T. Nott, Chrisine Chapparo
Objectives: Evaluate upper limb performance in adults receiving botulinum toxin-A injections for upper limb spasticity using Dynamic Computerised Hand Dynamometry and current clinical measures. Design: Pre-test/post-test clinical intervention study. Subjects/Patients: Twenty-eight participants with spasticity following acquired brain injury. Methods: Botulinum toxin-A effects were measured 4 w ...
Pages: 314-320
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The relationship of coping style with depression, burden, and life dissatisfaction in caregivers of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage
Wendy Boerboom, Esther A.C. Jacobs, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Gerard M. Ribbers, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal
Objective: To assess the relationship of coping style with depression, burden and life satisfaction in caregivers of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Forty-one primary caregivers of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: Caregivers completed several questionnaires within the first year after subarachnoid haemorrhage. Coping style was ...
Pages: 321-326
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of generic patient-reported outcome measures used with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders: Linking process using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF)
Nancy J. Forget, Johanne Higgins
Objective: To report the theoretical foundation of generic patient-reported outcomes for measuring functioning related to upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and perform content coverage analysis and content comparison using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: A literature search was performed to identify commonly used patient-reported outc ...
Pages: 327-334
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Outcomes of motor vehicle crashes with fracture:A pilot study of early rehabilitation interventions
Kathryn J. Brooke, Steven G. Faux, Stephen F. Wilson, Winston Liauw, Malcolm Bowman, Linda Klein
Aim: To determine the effects of early rehabilitation interventions on the physical, psychological and vocational outcomes of patients presenting to the Emergency Department with fracture resulting from a motor vehicle crash. Method: Prospective non-randomized cohort controlled trial. Seventy-six subjects were enrolled and formed 2 groups. The control group received usual care, and the interventi ...
Pages: 335-340
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Health-related quality of life in fibromyalgia and refractory angina pectoris: A comparison between two chronic non-malignant pain disorders
Paulin Andréll , Tomas Schultz, Kaisa Mannerkorpi, Lena Nordeman, Mats Börjesson, Clas Mannheimer
Objective: To compare health-related quality of life in 2 different populations with chronic pain: patients with fibromyalgia and patients with refractory angina pectoris. Previous separate studies have indicated that these patient groups report different impacts of pain on health-related quality of life. Methods: The Short-Form 36 was used to assess health- related quality of life. In order to ...
Pages: 341-347
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Low-volume high-intensity interval training vs continuous aerobic cycling in patients with chronic heart failure: A pragmatic randomised clinical trial of feasibility and effectiveness
Pelagia Koufaki , Thomas H. Mercer, Keith P. George, James Nolan
Objectives: The health benefits of high-intensity interval training in cardiac rehabilitation warrant further research. We compared the effectiveness of low-volume high-intensity interval training vs continuous aerobic exercise training in chronic heart failure. Design/Settings: Unblinded, two arm parallel design with random assignment to exercise interventions in out-patient hospital rehabilitat ...
Pages: 348-356
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Perceived usability and use of custom-made footwear in diabetic patients at high risk for foot ulceration
Mark L.J. Arts, Mirjam de Haart , Sicco A. Bus, Jan P.J. Bakker, Hub G.A. Hacking, Frans Nollet
Objective: To assess the perceived usability and use of custom- made footwear in diabetic patients who are at high-risk for foot ulceration, and to elucidate the determinants of usability and use. Design: Survey. Subjects: A total of 153 patients with diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, prior plantar foot ulceration and newly prescribed custom-made footwear, recruited from 10 Dutch multidisciplina ...
Pages: 357-362
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Differences in fat loss in response to physical activity among severely obese men and women
Eivind Aadland, Randi Jepsen, John Roger Andersen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen
Background: Direct measurement of physical activity may be critical to revealing its relationship with the change in fat mass over time. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between accelerometer-determined change in physical activity and change in fat mass in severely obese men and women. Methods: A total of 49 severely obese men (n = 12) and women (n =  ...
Pages: 363-369
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Missed diagnosis of traumatic brain injury in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury
Bhanu Sharma, Cheryl Bradbury , David Mikulis, Robin Green
Objective: To determine the frequency of missed acute care traumatic brain injury diagnoses in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury, and to examine risk factors for missed traumatic brain injury diagnosis. Design: Prospective magnetic resonance imaging and neuro-psychological assessment plus retrospective medical record review, including computed tomography. Subjects: Ninety-two adults wi ...
Pages: 370-373
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CASE REPORT
Injury of the spinothalamic tract in a patient with mild traumatic brain injury: Diffusion tensor tractography study
Jeong Pyo Seo, Sung Ho Jang
Objective: To report on a patient found to have injury of the spinothalamic tract on diffusion tensor tractography following traumatic brain injury. Case description: A 29-year-old male patient with head trauma resulting from a pedestrian car accident presented with pain in multiple areas (both subscapular areas, posterior head and neck, both upper trapezius areas, and the right arm and leg). Hi ...
Pages: 374-377
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CASE REPORT
Efficacy of brain-computer interface-driven neuromuscular electrical stimulation for chronic paresis after stroke
Masahiko Mukaino , Takashi Ono, Keiichiro Shindo, Toshiyuki Fujiwara, Tetsuo Ota , Akio Kimura, Meigen Liu, Junichi Ushiba
Objective: Brain computer interface technology is of great interest to researchers as a potential therapeutic measure for people with severe neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of brain computer interface, by comparing conventional neuromuscular electrical stimulation and brain computer interface-driven neuromuscular electrical stimulation, using an A-B-A-B wi ...
Pages: 378-382
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