Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 6

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Neck pain intensity does not predict pressure pain hyperalgesia: re-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials
Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer , Jost Langhorst, Gustav Dobos, Björn Gerdle
Objectives: To determine factors, including pain intensity, associated with pressure pain sensitivity in chronic non-specific neck pain and with changes after therapeutic interventions. Methods: This re-analysis used pooled data from 7 randomized controlled clinical trials. Pressure pain thresholds were assessed at the hand and at the site of maximal pain in the neck region before and after diffe ...
Pages: 553-560
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REVIEW ARTICLE
The effectiveness of working wrist splints in adults with rheumatoid arthritis: A mixed methods systematic review
Lucia Ramsey, Robert John Winder , Joseph G. McVeigh
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of working wrist splints in people with rheumatoid arthritis. Data sources and study selection: This review adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Ten databases were searched from inception until September 2012 for quantitative and qualitative studies on the effectiveness of working wrist splints in rh ...
Pages: 481-492
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SPECIAL REPORT
WHEEL-I: Development of a wheelchair propulsion laboratory for rehabilitation
Sonja de Groot, Riemer Vegter, Coen Vuijk, Frank van Dijk, Corien Plaggenmarsch, Maurits Sloots, Janneke M. Stolwijk-Swüste, Ferry Woldring, Marga Tepper, Lucas H. V. van der Woude
Objective: To describe the enabling factors and barriers experienced in the Wheelchair Expert Evaluation Laboratory – implementation (WHEEL-i) project, in which scientific knowledge, tools and associated systematic analyses of hand-rim wheelchair propulsion technique, user’s wheelchair propulsion capacity, wheelchair-user interface, and wheelchair mechanics were implemented in 2 rehabilitation ...
Pages: 493-503
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional goal achievement in post-stroke spasticity patients: The BOTOX® Economic Spasticity Trial (BEST)
Anthony B. Ward, Jörg Wissel, Jörgen Borg, Per Ertzgaard, Christoph Herrmann, Jai Kulkarni, Kristina Lindgren, Iris Reuter, Mohamed Sakel, Patrik Säterö, Satyendra Sharma, Theodore Wein, Nicola Wright, Antony Fulford-Smith, on behalf of the BEST Study Group
Objective: Evaluate changes in active and passive function with onabotulinumtoxinA + standard of care within goal-oriented rehabilitation programmes in adults with focal post-stroke spasticity. Methods: Prospective, 24-week double-blind study with an open-label extension. Subjects were randomized to onabotulinumtoxinA + standard of care or placebo + standard of care, at baseline and at 12 weeks, ...
Pages: 504-513
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The relative effect of coping strategy and depression on health-related quality of life in patients in the chronic phase after stroke
Marieke M. Visser, Laurien Aben, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Jan J.V. Busschbach, Gerard M. Ribbers
Objective: To investigate the relative associations of coping strategy and depression on health-related quality of life in patients in the chronic phase after stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 213 patients after stroke (> 18 months post-onset), mean age 59 years (standard deviation (SD) 9.86 years), 56% men, mean time post-stroke 53 months (SD 37.8 months). Metho ...
Pages: 514-519
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors of oral health-related quality of life in patients following stroke
Otto L. T. Lam, Anne S. McMillan, Leonard S.W. Li, Colman McGrath
Objectives: To explore the influence of socio-demographic and clinical oral health factors on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients after stroke, and to monitor OHRQoL outcomes following the provision of an in-hospital oral health intervention programme. Design: OHRQoL was measured before and after randomization and provision of oral health promotion interventions in a prospec ...
Pages: 520-526
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Client-centred therapy in multiple sclerosis: More intensive diagnostic evaluation and less intensive treatment
Isaline C. J. M Eyssen, Joost Dekker, Vincent de Groot, Esther M. J Steultjens , Dirk L. Knol, Chris H. Polman, Martijn P.M. Steultjens
Objective: Despite beneficial effects on communication and process measures, client-centred practice has been shown to result in poor functional outcomes. To examine a potential explanation for poor functional outcomes, this paper aims to assess whether in client-centred therapy more time is spent on diagnostic consultation and less time on actual treatment compared to usual care. Method: A multi ...
Pages: 527-531
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rasch validation of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale and its short versions in patients with Parkinson's disease
Franco Franchignoni, Andrea Giordano, Gianpaolo Ronconi, Alessia Rabini, Giorgio Ferriero
Objective: To analyse in patients with Parkinson’s disease the psychometric performance of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC) and its 3 short versions, using both a classical test theory approach and Rasch analysis. Methods: A sample of 217 patients with Parkinson’s disease was assessed by ABC and the 3 short versions: Berg Balance Scale, Fear of Falling Measure, and the U ...
Pages: 532-539
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term outcomes of a multidisciplinary cognitive behavioural programme for coping with chronic neuropathic spinal cord injury pain
Matagne Heutink, Marcel WM Post, Peter Luthart, Marijke Schuitemaker, Sandra Slangen, Jolante Sweers, Lonneke Vlemmix, Eline Lindeman
Objective: To explore the long-term outcomes of CONECSI (COping with NEuropathiC Spinal cord Injury pain), a multidisciplinary cognitive behavioural treatment programme in persons with spinal cord injury. Design: Long-term follow-up pre-post-intervention design. Subjects: A total of 29 subjects with a spinal cord injury and chronic neuropathic pain from 4 Dutch rehabilitation centres. Methods: ...
Pages: 540-545
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Occupational performance and factors associated with outcomes in patients participating in a musculoskeletal pain rehabilitation programme
Elisabeth Persson, Jan Lexell, Marcelo Rivano-Fischer, Mona Eklund
Objectives: To assess outcomes after a pain rehabilitation programme in terms of occupational performance and satisfaction with occupational performance, and to investigate whether socio-demographic factors and pain-related factors were associated with outcomes at follow-up. Methods: A pre- and post-test study of 555 participants with musculoskeletal pain who completed a pain rehabilitation prog ...
Pages: 546-552
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Neck pain intensity does not predict pressure pain hyperalgesia: re-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials
Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer , Jost Langhorst, Gustav Dobos, Björn Gerdle
Objectives: To determine factors, including pain intensity, associated with pressure pain sensitivity in chronic non-specific neck pain and with changes after therapeutic interventions. Methods: This re-analysis used pooled data from 7 randomized controlled clinical trials. Pressure pain thresholds were assessed at the hand and at the site of maximal pain in the neck region before and after diffe ...
Pages: 553-560
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Use and effects of custom-made therapeutic footwear on lower-extremity-related pain and activity limitations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A prospective observational study of a cohort
Rutger Dahmen, Saskia Buijsmann, Petra C. Siemonsma, Maarten Boers, Gustaaf J. Lankhorst, Leo D. Roorda
Objectives: An estimated 55–90% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis have foot problems. Therapeutic footwear is frequently prescribed as part of usual care, but data on its use and effect is incomplete. This study aimed to investigate the use and effects of therapeutic footwear. Methods: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving custom-made therapeutic footwear for the first time formed ...
Pages: 561-567
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