Content

Content - Volume 48, Issue 5

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
An enriched environmental programme during inpatient neuro-rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Alaeldin Elmalik , Matthew Lowe, Louisa Ng, Isabella Reid, Mary P. Galea
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an enriched environmental activities programme in an inpatient tertiary neuro-rehabilitation unit. Methods: A total of 103 participants were randomized to an intervention group (n = 52) undertaking an enriched environmental activities programme or a control group (n = 51) receiving usual ward activity. Primary outcome measure: Depr ...
Pages: 417-425
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF

All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Clinical relevance of the effects of reach-to-grasp training using trunk restraint in individuals with hemiparesis poststroke: A systematic review
Andrea Greisberger, Hanna Aviv, Sven F. Garbade, Gudrun Diermayr
Objective: To evaluate the evidence for, and clinical relevance of, immediate and long-term effects of trunk restraint during reach-to-grasp training poststroke on movement patterns and functional abilities within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Data sources: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Embase, PEDro, Cochrane Library (publication dates ...
Pages: 405-416
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
An enriched environmental programme during inpatient neuro-rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Alaeldin Elmalik , Matthew Lowe, Louisa Ng, Isabella Reid, Mary P. Galea
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an enriched environmental activities programme in an inpatient tertiary neuro-rehabilitation unit. Methods: A total of 103 participants were randomized to an intervention group (n = 52) undertaking an enriched environmental activities programme or a control group (n = 51) receiving usual ward activity. Primary outcome measure: Depr ...
Pages: 417-425
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
More than a black box of rehabilitation: Characterizing therapy programmes following botulinum toxin injections for spasticity in adults with stroke
Marina Demetrios, Caroline Brand, Julie Louie, Fary Khan
Objectives: To describe ambulatory rehabilitation programmes (physical and occupational therapy activities and interventions) following botulinum toxin injections for post-stroke spasticity using a stroke rehabilitation taxonomy. To explore the relationship between therapy provided and injected limb/s and treatment goals. Design: Prospective, observational cohort study. Participants: Stroke sur ...
Pages: 426-434
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Measurement variability of quantitative sensory testing in persons with post-stroke shoulder pain
Ingrid Lindgren, Elisabeth Ekstrand, Christina Brogårdh
Objective: To evaluate the measurement variability of quantitative sensory testing (QST) in persons with post-stroke shoulder pain. Design: A test-retest design. Participants: Twenty-three persons with post-stroke shoulder pain (median age 65 years). Methods: Thermal detection thresholds (cold and warm), pain thresholds (cold and heat) and mechanical pain thresholds (pressure and pin prick) w ...
Pages: 435-441
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors associated with long-term functional and psychological outcomes in persons with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Rodney Judson, Pearl Chung, Melinda Truesdale, Alaeldin Elmalik, Mary P. Galea
Objective: To examine factors impacting long-term functional and psychological outcomes in persons with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study (n = 103) assessed the long-term (up to 5 years) impact of traumatic brain injury on participants’ current activity and restriction in participation using validated questionnaires. Results: Parti ...
Pages: 442-448
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Everyday burden of musculoskeletal conditions among villagers in rural Botswana: A focused ethnography
Maria Hondras, Jan Hartvigsen, Corrie Myburgh, Helle Johannessen
Objective: To examine the perspectives of villagers in rural Botswana about the everyday life burden and impact of their musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: Ethnographic fieldwork for 8 months included 55 in-depth interviews with 34 villagers. Interviews were typically conducted in Setswana with an interpreter. Audio recordings were transcribed verbatim, with Setswana contextually translated into ...
Pages: 449-455
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
High load lifting exercise and low load motor control exercises as interventions for patients with mechanical low back pain: A randomized controlled trial with 24-month follow-up
Peter Michaelson, David Holmberg, Björn Aasa, Ulrika Aasa
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a high load lifting exercise with low load motor control exercises on pain intensity, disability and health-related quality of life for patients with mechanical low back pain. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Patients with mechanical low back pain as their dominating pain mechanism. Methods: The intervention programme ...
Pages: 456-463
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term opioid use after discharge from inpatient musculoskeletal rehabilitation
Andréa D. Furlan, Samah Hassan, Ida-Maisie Famiyeh, Wendy Wang, Jaspreet Dhanju
Objective: To determine: (i) the prevalence of opioid-naïve patients discharged on opioids from a musculoskeletal rehabilitation inpatient unit; (ii) the prevalence of opioid use 6 months after discharge; and (iii) the efficacy of the Opioid Risk Tool in identifying long-term opioid use. Design: Prospective study. Participants: Sixty-four opioid-naïve patients who were exposed to opioids duri ...
Pages: 464-468
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Explanatory factors and predictors of fatigue in persons with rheumatoid arthritis: A longitudinal study
Caroline Feldthusen, Anna Grimby-Ekman, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Lennart Jacobsson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
Objective: To investigate the impact of disease-related aspects on long-term variations in fatigue in persons with rheumatoid arthritis. Design: Observational longitudinal study. Methods: Sixty-five persons with rheumatoid arthritis, age range 20–65 years, were invited to a clinical examination at 4 time-points during the 4 seasons. Outcome measures were: general fatigue rated on visual analog ...
Pages: 469-476
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Rethinking diagnoses in rehabilitation: An educational case series
Anupam Datta Gupta, David Wilson
Objective: To review the diagnosis of patients transferred to rehabilitation unit. Design: Case series. Subjects: Five patients with functional decline were transferred from an acute care setting in a tertiary hospital to the rehabilitation unit. Methods: Full clinical evaluation and clinical reasoning were applied in addition to multidisciplinary care. Functional outcome and discharge destin ...
Pages: 477-480
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Problems encountered by parents of infants with clubfoot treated by the Ponseti method in Madagascar: A study to inform better practice
Harisoanirina Ramahenina, Rory J. O’Connor, M. Anne Chamberlain
Objective: Ponseti treatment for clubfoot is effective and inexpensive, improving children’s social participation. Two rehabilitation centres in Madagascar piloted Ponseti treatment; however, at one centre 46% of infants failed to complete treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the causes of defaulting in order to facilitate subsequent improvements nationwide when treatment is rolled ...
Pages: 481-481
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF