Primary Cutaneous Follicular Helper T-cell Lymphoma Treated with Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation: Immunohistochemical Comparison with Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma
Hanako Ohmatsu, Makoto Sugaya, Hideki Fujita, Takafumi Kadono, Shinichi Sato
Primary cutaneous follicular helper T (TFH)-cell lym-phoma has recently been proposed, and is characterized by proliferation of malignant T cells expressing TFH-cell markers, such as CXCL13, accompanied by numerous reactive B cells. We report here a patient whose skin histology showed massive infiltration of both T and B cells, with a proliferation of arborizing high endothelial venules and follicular dendritic cells. Infiltrating T cells were positive for CXCL13, programmed death (PD)-1, inducible T-cell co-stimulator, and BCL-6. Southern blot analyses using DNA from the skin revealed monoclonality of both T and B cells. The patient had marked resistance to treatments, and complete remission was achieved only after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The present case showed overlapping features with angio-immunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), although systemic symptoms were not observed. Further study is needed to define the criteria of this provisional entity, representing the cutaneous counterpart of the nodal follicular peripheral T-cell lymphoma or AITL.