Content » Vol 45, Issue 1

Original report

Comparison of multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied individuals

Cindy Gauthier, Dany Gagnon, Murielle Grangeon, Géraldine Jacquemin , Sylvie Nadeau, Kei Masani, Milos R. Popovic
Pathokinesiology Laboratory, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal, Institut de réadaptation Gingras-Lindsay-de-Montréal, Montreal, Canada
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1066

Abstract

Objectives: To compare multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied- individuals and to evaluate the impact of abdominal and low back muscle paralysis on multidirectional seated stability.
Design: Case-control study.
Participants: Fifteen individuals with complete or incomplete spinal cord injury affecting various vertebral levels participated in this study and were gender-matched with 15 able-bodied individuals.
Methods: Participants were instructed to lean as far as possible in 8 directions, set apart by 45° intervals, while seated on an instrumented chair with their feet placed on force plates. Eight direction-specific stability indices and a global stability index were calculated.
Results: The global stability index and all direction-specific indices, except in the anterior and posterior directions, were lower in individuals with spinal cord injury than in able-bodied individuals. However, the individuals with spinal cord injury who had partial or full control of their abdominal and lower trunk muscles obtained a similar global stability index and similar direction-specific indices compared to the able-bodied individuals.
Conclusion: Multidirectional seated postural stability is reduced in individuals with SCI who have paralysis of the abdominal and lower back muscles in comparison to able-bodied individuals.

Lay Abstract

Comments

Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.
Advertisement