Content » Vol 47, Issue 7

Original report

Rasch analysis of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire Revised in people with knee osteoarthritis

Bryan J. Moreton, David A. Walsh, Katie V. Turner, Nadina B. Lincoln
Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1977


Objective: To examine the measurement properties of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire Revised (CPAQ-R) and its subscales with people with knee osteoarthritis using Rasch analysis.
Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire study.
Patients: A total of 176 participants with radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis of the knee, as identified by a Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥ 2, and pain on most days for at least the past month.
Methods: Participants completed the CPAQ-R at home within a set of measures covering different aspects of osteoarthritis pain. The questionnaires were returned by pre-paid envelope. Rasch analysis was conducted on the Activity Engagement and Pain Willingness subscales and the Total scale using Rasch Unidimensional Measurement Models (RUMM2020).
Results: The Activity Engagement and Pain Willingness subscales fit the Rasch model following minimal changes, including re-scoring and removal of item 14 due to misfit. Both subscales passed tests of unidimensionality. Although the Total scale could be adjusted to yield adequate fit statistics, it demonstrated multidimensionality.
Conclusion: The Activity Engagement and Pain Willingness subscales have good measurement properties for 2 distinct factors relevant to pain acceptance. CPAQ-R is a valid measurement tool that may help target and evaluate response to treatments that address low activity engagement and pain willingness in people with osteoarthritis.

Lay Abstract


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