Content - Volume 39, Issue 6

All articles

Occurrence and measurement of transfer in cognitive rehabilitation: A critical review
Chantal A. V. Geusgens, Ieke Winkens, Caroline M. van Heugten, Jelle Jolles and Wim J. A. van den Heuvel
Objective: To investigate the occurrence of transfer of cognitive strategy training for persons with acquired brain injury, and to investigate the way in which transfer is measured. Methods: Electronic searches in PubMed, PsychINFO, EMBASE and CINAHL using combinations of search terms in the following categories: type of brain injury, transfer, type of disorder, type of intervention. A total of ...
Pages: 425-439
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Is botulinum toxin type A effective in the treatment of spastic shoulder pain in patients after stroke? A double-blind randomized clinical trial
Ester Marco, Esther Duarte, Joan Vila, Marta Tejero, Anna Guillen, Roser Boza, Ferran Escalada and Josep M. Espadaler
Objective: To determine the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of spastic shoulder pain in patients after stroke. Design: Double-blind randomized clinical trial. Patients: Of 31 patients enrolled from an acute-care hospital in Spain, 2 cases dropped out (drop-out rate 6. 5%). Fourteen subjects were treated with infiltration of 500 units of botulinum toxin type A in the pector ...
Pages: 440-447
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Correlation between clinical assessment and force plate measurement of postural control after stroke
Gunilla Elmgren Frykberg, Birgitta Lindmark, Håkan Lanshammar and Jörgen Borg
Objectives: To explore the correlation between clinical assessment and force plate measurement of postural control after stroke when selected balance tasks are performed under similar spatial and temporal conditions, and to examine the inter-rater agreement of assessment of weight distribution during quiet stance in subjects with stroke. Design: A descriptive and correlational study. Methods: ...
Pages: 448-453
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Discriminative, predictive and evaluative properties of the simplified stroke rehabilitation assessment of movement instrument in patients with stroke
Yu-Wei Hsieh, Jau-Hong Lin, Chun-Hou Wang, Ching-Fan Sheu, I-Ping Hsueh and Ching-Lin Hsieh
Objective: To justify the utility of the Simplified Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement Instrument (S-STREAM), we examined the discriminative, predictive and evaluative properties of the 3 subscales of the S-STREAM (i. e. upper-limb movements, lower-limb movements and mobility) in patients after stroke. Subjects: A total of 388 patients after stroke participated in this study. To examin ...
Pages: 454-460
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Pain belief screening instrument: Development and preliminary validation of a screening instrument for disabling persistent pain
Maria Sandborgh, Per Lindberg and Eva Denison
Objective: To develop and test the ability of a screening instrument to identify subgroups among primary healthcare patients with musculoskeletal pain. The Pain Belief Screening Instrument covers pain intensity, disability, self-efficacy, fear avoidance and catastrophizing. Design: Cross-sectional, correlational and comparative study. Subjects: Patients in primary healthcare (n1 = 21 ...
Pages: 461-466
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Applicability of the ICF checklist to traumatically brain-injured patients in post-acute rehabilitation settings
Sanna Koskinen, Eeva-Maija Hokkinen, Jaana Sarajuuri and Hannu Alaranta
Objective: To evaluate the applicability of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) checklist in post-acute traumatically brain-injured patients in rehabilitation settings. Design: A cross-sectional study based on the written documents of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation team. Subjects: A sample of 55 patients with traumatic brain injury. Methods: Two ...
Pages: 467-472
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Network-based geriatric rehabilitation for frail elderly people: Feasibility and effects on subjective health and pain at one year
Katariina Hinkka, Sirkka-Liisa Karppi, Timo Pohjolainen, Taina Rantanen, Pauli Puukka and Reijo Tilvis
Objective: To study the feasibility and 1-year effects on subjective health and symptoms of a network-based geriatric rehabilitation intervention for frail elderly people. Design: A randomized, controlled trial. Subjects: A total of 741 frail elderly people who lived at home, aged > 65 years, without severe cognitive impairment (Mini Mental State Examination < 18), and eligible to re ...
Pages: 473-478
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Feasibility and effectiveness of a nurse-led community exercise programme for prevention of falls among frail elderly people: A multi-centre controlled trial
Shigeru Inokuchi, Nobuou Matsusaka, Takuo Hayashi and Hiroyuki Shindo
Objective: To determine whether an exercise programme provided by public health nurses is effective in improving physical function and psychological status in elderly people, in reducing falls and risk factors for falls in elderly people, and whether the intervention is a feasible programme within the community. Design: Controlled intervention trial. Subjects: Participants included 144 persons ...
Pages: 479-485
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Determinants of self-efficacy in the rehabilitation of patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury
Pia Thomeé, Peter Währborg, Mats Börjesson, Roland Thomeé, Bengt I. Eriksson and Jon Karlsson
Objective: To explore physical and psychological measures believed to determine patients’ perceived self-efficacy in the rehabilitation of patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury. Design: An explorative descriptive study. Patients: A total of 116 patients with an anterior cruciate ligament deficient or reconstructed knee. Method: At one visit; 12 months post-injury/reconstruction, ...
Pages: 486-492
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Improved work ability and return to work following vocational multidisciplinary rehabilitation of subjects on long-term sick leave
Tore Norendal Braathen, Kaj Bo Veiersted and Jan Heggenes
Objective: To evaluate a vocational multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for patients on long-term sick leave with respect to their work ability and return to work. Methods: A multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme was administered to an intervention group of 183 patients on long-term sick leave (mean 12. 2 months). Effects of the treatment were compared with a control group (n =& ...
Pages: 493-499
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Hemiplegia and heterotopic ossification on the non-paretic extremity: A case report
Zehra Kocaağa, Serpil Bal and Alev Gurgan
Heterotopic ossification is the formation of new bone in an abnormal location. It is usually seen following central nervous system disorders, including spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, encephalitis, and burn and trauma. Heterotopic ossification in post-stroke hemiplegia is rare; the reported incidence is 0. 5–1. 2%. It usually occurs on the paretic side of hemiplegic patients. We pres ...
Pages: 500-502
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