Content - Volume 39, Issue 9

All articles

Developing “Human Functioning and Rehabilitation Research” from the comprehensive perspective
Gerold Stucki, Jan Dietrich Reinhardt, Gunnar Grimby, John Melvin
With the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) the World Health Organization (WHO) has prepared the ground for a comprehensive understanding of Human Functioning and Rehabilitation Research, integrating the biomedical perspective on impairment with the social model of disability. This poses a number of old and new challenges regarding the enhancement of adequate ...
Pages: 665-671
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The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia: A Rasch analysis of its properties in subjects with low back and more widespread pain
Elin Damsgård, Terese Fors, Audny Anke, Cecilie Røe
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia in patients with low back pain and in patients with more widespread pain distribution including low back pain. Subjects: A total of 120 subjects, 48 with isolated low back pain and 72 with more widespread pain distribution were included. Design and Method ...
Pages: 672-678
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Enhancing the examiner’s resisting force improves the reliability of manual muscle strength measurements: Comparison of a new device with hand-held dynamometry
Tung-Wu Lu, Horng-Chaung Hsu, Ling-Ying Chang, Hao-Ling Chen
Objective: To develop and determine the reliability of a newly -designed resistance-enhanced dynamometer for muscle strength measurement, and to test the hypothesis that enhancing the examiner’s resisting force improves the reliability of manual muscle strength measurements. Design: An intra-examiner, inter-examiner, intra-session and inter-session reliability study. Subjects: Twenty-five m ...
Pages: 679-684
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Practice Style Traits: Do they help explain practice behaviours of stroke rehabilitation professionals?
Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Anita Menon-Nair, Aliki Thomas, Elizabeth Boutin and Alaa Mohammad Arafah
Rationale: The gap in knowledge translation from research to clinical practice is under scrutiny in stroke rehabilitation. One possible reason for this gap may be a poor understanding of clinicians’ practice style traits and how they influence practice behaviours. Objectives: To identify the prevalence of practice style traits in physical therapists and occupational therapists working in strok ...
Pages: 685-692
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Controllability and physiological evaluation of three unilaterally-propelled wheelchairs for patients with hemiplegia
Kuen-Horng Tsai, Chun-Yu Yeh, Hsin-Chang Lo and Shih-Yun Lin
Objective: To evaluate the controllability of, and physiological responses to, 2 newly designed unilaterally-propelled wheelchairs for patients with hemiplegia. Design: Within-subject comparison. Subjects: A total of 15 patients after stroke were recruited from the rehabilitation centre of Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Methods: Two newly designed wheelchairs (an ankle-prop ...
Pages: 693-697
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Confirmation of the accuracy of a short battery to predict fitness-to-drive of stroke survivors without severe deficits
Abiodun E. Akinwuntan, Hannes Devos, Hilde Feys, Geert Verheyden, Guido Baten, Carlotte Kiekens, Willy de Weerdt
Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to confirm the accuracy of a short assessment battery, used previously in a study to predict fitness-to-drive after stroke, in a new cohort of stroke survivors without severe deficits. Design: A prospective study. Subjects: A total of 43 (39 men and 4 women) consecutive survivors after stroke who were not severely impaired and who performed the ...
Pages: 698-702
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Long-term outcome in children of patients after stroke
Ingrid G. L. van de Port, Anne M.A.Visser-Meily, Marcel W. M. Post and Eline Lindeman
Objective: To investigate the long-term effects on children of parental stroke, with respect to care-giving tasks, children’s behavioural problems and stress, and to study the relationship between stress and child, patient and partner characteristics. Subjects: A total of 44 children (age range 10–21 years) were assessed 3 years after parental stroke. Main measures: Behavioural problems we ...
Pages: 703-707
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Hand impairments and their relationship with manual ability in children with cerebral palsy
Carlyne Arnould, Massimo Penta and Jean-Louis Thonnard
Pages: 708-714
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Reach performance and postural adjustments during standing in children with severe spastic diplegia using dynamic ankle-foot orthoses
Annika Näslund, Gunnevi Sundelin, Helga Hirschfeld
Objective: To investigate the co-ordination between reaching, ground reaction forces and muscle activity in standing children with severe spastic diplegia wearing dynamic ankle-foot orthoses compared with typically developing children. Design: Clinical experimental study. Subjects: Six children with spastic diplegia (Gross Motor Function Classification System level III-IV) and 6 controls. Me ...
Pages: 715-723
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Neuromuscular adaptation to early post-operative, high-intensity, short resistance training of non-operated lower extremity in elderly patients: A randomized controlled trial
Amir Tal-Akabi, Ursula Steiger and Peter M. Villiger
Objective: To evaluate the short-term effects of high-intensity, task-specific vs regular rehabilitation programme on neuromuscular activity and functional changes in elderly inpatients. Design: Single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Patients: Sixty-two patients, aged 74. 1 (standard deviation (SD) 6. 9) years, 12. 8 (SD 3. 6) days after operation of one lower limb. Methods: Allocation t ...
Pages: 724-729
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Effect of aerobic vs combined aerobic-strength training on 1-year, post-cardiac rehabilitation outcomes in women after a cardiac event
Heather M. Arthur, Elizabeth Gunn, Kevin E. Thorpe, Kathleen Martin Ginis, Lin Mataseje, Neil McCartney and Robert S. McKelvie
Objective: To compare the effect and sustainability of 6 months combined aerobic/strength training vs aerobic training alone on quality of life in women after coronary artery by-pass graft surgery or myocardial infarction. Design: Prospective, 2-group, randomized controlled trial. Participants: Ninety-two women who were 8–10 weeks post-coronary artery by-pass graft surgery or myocardial infa ...
Pages: 730-735
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Michaelson P, Michaelson M, Jaric S, Latash ML, Sjölander P, Djupsjöbacka M.
As a result of a recent reanalysis of the data presented in this paper an important programming error was observed. In one section of the paper, data on peak-to-peak amplitude of the centre of pressure trajectory (CoPpp) were analysed in response to selfinitiated and unexpected perturbations of the standing balance (Fig. 2, Table III and the corresponding text). Unfortunately the mediolateral p ...
Page: 744
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