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Content - Volume 41, Issue 5

Editors choice in this issue

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REVIEW ARTICLE
Updates on the use of non-invasive brain stimulation in physical and rehabilitation medicine
Julie A. Williams, Marta Imamura, Felipe Fregni
Brain stimulation for the treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases has been used for more than 50 years. Although its development has been slow, current advances in the techniques of brain stimulation have improved its clinical efficacy. The use of non-invasive brain stimulation has significant advantages, such as not involving surgical procedures and having relatively mild adverse effects. In this ...
Pages: 305-311
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation on acupuncture points improves muscle function in subjects after acute stroke: A randomized controlled trial
Tiebin Yan, Christina. W.Y. Hui-Chan
Objective: To investigate whether transcutaneous electrical stimulation, when applied to acupuncture points in patients after acute stroke, decreases spasticity and/or increases muscle strength more effectively than placebo stimulation and standard rehabilitation. Design: Randomized control trial. Subjects: Sixty-two patients aged 70.0 (standard deviation 7.4) years and 9.2 (standard deviation ...
Pages: 312-316
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Muscle function of knee extensors and flexors after stroke is selectively impaired at shorter muscle lengths
Astrid Horstman, Karin Gerrits, Marijke Beltman, Thomas Janssen, Manin Konijnenbelt, Arnold de Haan
Objective: To investigate whether muscle strength is selectively more affected at shorter lengths of thigh muscles as result of stroke and to determine whether this is associated with impaired neural activation at shorter muscle lengths. Design: Case-control study. Subjects: Fourteen patients with sub-acute stroke, and 12 able-bodied controls. Methods: In patients (bilaterally) and able-bodied ...
Pages: 317-321
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term effect of comorbidity on the course of physical functioning in patients after stroke and with multiple sclerosis
Annet J. Dallmeijer, Heleen Beckerman, Vincent de Groot, Ingrid G. L. van de Port, Gustaaf J. Lankhorst, Joost Dekker
Objective: To study the effect of comorbidity on the course of physical functioning in patients after stroke and with multiple sclerosis. Subjects: Patients after a first-ever supratentorial stroke (n = 198), who had been admitted for inpatient rehabilitaion, and patients with recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (n =146). Design: Prospective, observational study over a period of ...
Pages: 322-326
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Evidence of a logarithmic relationship between motor capacity and actual performance in daily life of the paretic arm following stroke
Marian E. Michielsen, Mark de Niet, Gerard M. Ribbers, Henk J. Stam, Johannes B. Bussmann
Objective: To examine the associations between actual performance in daily life and function, capacity and self-perceived performance of the paretic upper limb following stroke. Population: Seventeen individuals with stroke. Outcome measures: Correlation coefficients between actual performance (measured with the Stroke-Upper Limb Activity Monitor), function (Fugl-Meyer Assessment), capacity (Ac ...
Pages: 327-331
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Supervised aerobic exercise is more effective than home aerobic exercise in female chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Lin-Fen Hsieh, Shih-Ching Chen, Chih-Cheng Chuang, Huei-Ming Chai, Wen-Shan Chen, Yang-Chien He
Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of supervised aerobic exercise and home aerobic exercise in female Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Design: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Thirty female Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis were assigned to either supervised aerobic exercise or home aerobic exercise groups. Methods: The supervised aerobic e ...
Pages: 332-337
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A six-week hand exercise programme improves strength and hand function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Sofia Brorsson, Marita Hilliges, Christer Sollerman, Anna Nilsdotter
Objective: To evaluate the effects of hand exercise in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and to compare the results with healthy controls. Methods: Forty women (20 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 20 healthy controls) performed a hand exercise programme. The results were evaluated after 6 and 12 weeks with hand force measurements (with a finger extension force measurement device (EX-it) a ...
Pages: 338-342
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ORIGINAL REPORT
How much change is true change? The minimum detectable change of the Berg Balance Scale in elderly people
Declan Donoghue, Physiotherapy Research and Older People (PROP) group , Emma K. Stokes
Objective: To determine the minimum detectable change at 95% confidence for the Berg Balance Scale in a group of elderly people, undergoing physiotherapy rehabilitation. Design: Multi-centre, test-retest design. Subjects: Cross-sectional sample of convenience of people over 65 years (n = 118) without a previous history of stroke, Parkinson’s disease or recent hip arthroplasty. Ra ...
Pages: 343-346
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Personal characteristics influencing patients’ adherence to home exercise during chronic pain: A qualitative study
Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Pilar Escolar-Reina, Juan J. Gascón-Cánovas, Joaquina Montilla-Herrador, Sean M. Collins
Objective: To identify the beliefs and perceptions of patients with chronic neck and low back pain that influence adherence to home exercise during exacerbation and/or remission of pain. Design: Qualitative study using a focus group technique. Subjects: Thirty-four patients (23 women, age range 26–70 years) with chronic neck or low back pain who had participated in a home exercise programme ...
Pages: 347-352
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationship between symptoms and psychological factors five years after whiplash injury
Britt-Marie Stålnacke
Objective: The aims of this study were: to describe the frequency of whiplash-related symptoms and psychological factors in persons 5 years after a whiplash injury; to study the relationship between symptoms and psychological factors; to examine gender differences; and to investigate the cause of sick leave. Methods: Questionnaires addressing neck pain, pain intensity, whiplash-related symptoms, ...
Pages: 353-359
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional status after intensive care: A challenge for rehabilitation professionals to improve outcome
Marike van der Schaaf, Anita Beelen, Dave A. Dongelmans, Margreeth B. Vroom, Frans Nollet
Objective: To examine restrictions in daily functioning from a rehabilitation perspective in patients one year after discharge from the intensive care unit, and to identify prognostic factors for functional status. Design: Cross-sectional design. Patients: Consecutive patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit for more than 48 h (n = 255). Methods: One year after intensive ...
Pages: 360-366
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Motor impairments and activity limitations in children with spastic cerebral palsy: A Dutch population-based study
Marc Wichers, Sander Hilberink, Marij Roebroeck, Onno van Nieuwenhuizen, Henk Stam
Objective: To determine the prevalence of motor impairments and activity limitations and their inter-relationships in Dutch children with spastic cerebral palsy. Patients and methods: In a population-based survey 119 children, age range 6–19 years, with spastic cerebral palsy were examined. Anthropometry, muscle tone, abnormal posture, joint range of motion, major orthopaedic impairments and ...
Pages: 367-374
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Inactive lifestyle in adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy
Channah Nieuwenhuijsen, Wilma M.A. van der Slot, Anita Beelen, J. Hans Arendzen, Marij E. Roebroeck, Henk J. Stam, Rita J.G. van den Berg-Emons, the Transition Research Group South West Netherlands
Objective: To quantify the level of everyday physical activity in adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy, and to study associations with personal and cerebral palsy-related characteristics. Participants and methods: Fifty-six adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (mean age 36.4 (standard deviation (SD) 5.8) years, 62% male) participated in the study. Approximately 75% had high gross ...
Pages: 375-381
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Investigation of bias due to loss of participants in a Dutch multicentre prospective spinal cord injury cohort study
Sonja de Groot, Janneke A. Haisma, Marcel W.M. Post, Floris W.A. van Asbeck, Lucas H.V. van der Woude
Objective: To determine bias due to loss of participants (attrition bias) in a prospective cohort study. Design: A multi-centre prospective cohort study. Subjects: A total of 225 individuals with a spinal cord injury from 8 Dutch rehabilitation centres. Methods: Participants were considered non-participants when no information was collected at the measurement one year after discharge from inpa ...
Pages: 382-389
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CASE REPORT
Trunk muscle activation in a person with clinically complete thoracic spinal cord injury
Anna Bjerkefors, Mark G. Carpenter, Andrew G. Cresswell, Alf Thorstensson
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess if, and how, upper body muscles are activated in a person with high thoracic spinal cord injury, clinically classified as complete, during maximal voluntary contractions and in response to balance perturbations. Methods: Data from one person with spinal cord injury (T3 level) and one able-bodied person were recorded with electromyography from 4 ab ...
Pages: 390-392
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CASE REPORT
Communicating using the eyes without remembering it: Cognitive rehabilitation in a severely brain-injured patient with amnesia, tetraplegia and anarthria
Luigi Trojano, Pasquale Moretta, Anna Estraneo
We describe here a case of cognitive rehabilitation in a young patient with closed head injury, who had dense anterograde amnesia and such disabling neurological defects (tetraplegia and anarthria) that the condition evoked some features of an incomplete locked-in syndrome. After a prolonged period of no communicative possibility, the patient underwent a specific training, based on principles of e ...
Pages: 393-396
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Does physical exercise improve arterial structure and function in spinal cord-injured individuals? and Response to letter to the editor by Jan T. Groothuis et al.
Jan T. Groothuis, Maria T.E. Hopman, Dick H.J. Thijssen. Response by Sae Young Jae, Kevin S. Heffernan, Miyoung Lee, Bo Fernhall
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 397-398
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Calendar
This article does not have an abstract.
Page: 399
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Erratum
This article does not have an abstract.
Page: 399
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