Content

Content - Volume 44, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Outcomes of rehabilitation in older people – functioning and cognition are the most important predictors: An inception cohort study
Ian D. Cameron, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Stephen Wilson, Wesley Baker, Stephen Buckley
Objective: To explore the influence of level of functioning and cognitive status on outcome after rehabilitation for older people with different types of impairment. Design: An inception cohort study. Subjects: A total of 560 older people, mean age 80.0 years, participating in rehabilitation programmes in the Sydney area. Methods: Level of functioning using the Functional Independence Measure ...
Pages: 24-30
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Comparing the content of instruments assessing environmental factors using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
José Alvarelhão, Anabela Silva, Ana Martins, Alexandra Queirós, António Amaro, Nelson Rocha, Jorge Lains
Purpose: To describe and compare the content of instruments that assess environmental factors using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL and PEDro databases was conducted using a pre-determined search strategy. The identified instruments were screened independently by two investigators, and meaningful concepts ...
Pages: 1-6
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire in Swedish patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A validity study
Annelie Bilberg, Tomas Bremell, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire in a Swedish rheumatoid arthritis population. Methods: To investigate the concurrent and convergent validity, 67 patients with rheumatoid arthritis completed the DASH, the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) and activity-induced pain. ...
Pages: 7-11
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Supervised strengthening exercises versus home-based movement exercises after arthroscopic acromioplasty: A randomized clinical trial
Theresa Holmgren, Birgitta Öberg, Irene Sjöberg, Kajsa Johansson
Objective: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of 2 rehabilitation strategies after arthroscopic acromioplasty: supervised physical therapy focusing on strengthening exercises of the rotator cuff and scapula stabilizers (PT-group) vs home-based movement exercises (H-group). Design: A randomized, single-blinded, clinically controlled study. Patients: Thirty-six patients entered the study. Thirte ...
Pages: 12-18
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Ability to return to driving after major lower limb amputation
Julia Patrick Engkasan, Farhah Mohd Ehsan, Tze Yang Chung
Objective: The aims of this study were to examine the ability of patients to return to driving cars and riding motorcycles after lower limb amputation, and to explore the factors that significantly affect such ability. Design: A sample of 90 participants, mean age 55.2 years (standard deviation 12.5), were recruited from a tertiary hospital. Inclusion criteria were: age over 18 years; unilateral ...
Pages: 19-23
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Outcomes of rehabilitation in older people – functioning and cognition are the most important predictors: An inception cohort study
Ian D. Cameron, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Stephen Wilson, Wesley Baker, Stephen Buckley
Objective: To explore the influence of level of functioning and cognitive status on outcome after rehabilitation for older people with different types of impairment. Design: An inception cohort study. Subjects: A total of 560 older people, mean age 80.0 years, participating in rehabilitation programmes in the Sydney area. Methods: Level of functioning using the Functional Independence Measure ...
Pages: 24-30
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Identifying patterns of psychogenic gait by video-recording
Anika Aakerøy Jordbru, Liv Marit Smedstad, Vegard Pihl Moen, Egil Wilhelm Martinsen
Objectives: Psychogenic gait is common in patients with medically unexplained neurological symptoms and provides significant challenges to healthcare providers. Clinicians may arrive at a correct diagnosis earlier if distinctive positive signs are identified and acknowledged. This study aims to offer a tool for identifying patterns of psychogenic gait based on positive signs in clinical settings. ...
Pages: 31-35
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Perceived occupational gaps one year after stroke: An explorative study
Aileen Bergström, Susanne Guidetti, Malin Tistad, Kerstin Tham, Lena von Koch, Gunilla Eriksson
Objective: To explore and describe factors associated with occupational gaps and to identify factors at 3 months that predict occupational gaps one year post-stroke. A gap, a restriction in participation, is considered to be present when there is a discrepancy between what the individual wants to do and what they actually do in everyday life. Design: Prospective longitudinal study. Subjects: Tw ...
Pages: 36-42
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Walkway lengths for measuring walking speed in stroke rehabilitation
Shamay S.M. Ng, Phoebe C.M. Ng , Connie Y.W. Lee, Elva S.W. Ng, Mimi H.W. Tong
Objectives: To investigate the effect of walkway length (5, 8 or 10 m) on measurements of comfortable and maximum walking speed. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre. Subjects: Patients (n = 25) with chronic stroke. Methods: Timed walking with different walkway lengths (5, 8 and 10 m) walkways were recorded using a stop-watch. Results: ...
Pages: 43-46
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Social activity one and three years post-stroke
Hanna E. Jansen , Vera P. Schepers, Johanna M. Visser-Meily, Marcel W. Post
Objective: To determine the long-term course of social activity after a stroke. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: Patients with a first-ever supratentorial stroke were selected in 4 Dutch rehabilitation centres. Methods: Social activity was measured by the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI) at 1 and 3 years post-stroke to determine social activity. Changes in FAI scores ≥ 7 ...
Pages: 47-50
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of an implantable two-channel peroneal nerve stimulator versus conventional walking device on spatiotemporal parameters and kinematics of hemiparetic gait
Anke I. R. Kottink, Martin J. B. Tenniglo, Wiebe H. K. de Vries, Hermie J. Hermens, Jaap H. Buurke
Objective: The aims of this study were: (i) to compare the neuro­prosthetic effect of implantable peroneal nerve stimulation to the orthotic effect of a standard of care intervention (no device, shoe or ankle foot orthosis) on walking, as assessed by spatiotemporal parameters; and (ii) to examine whether there is evidence of an enhanced lower-limb flexion reflex with pe­roneal nerve stimulation ...
Pages: 51-57
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Multidimensional Rasch validation of the Frenchay Activities Index in stroke patients receiving rehabilitation
Keh-Chung Lin, Hui-fang Chen , Ching-Yi Wu, Tung-yang Yu, Pei Ouyang
Objective: To validate the dimensionality, hierarchical properties, and reliability of the Frenchay Activities Index. Design: Self-report survey of patients with stroke. Patients: A total of 127 patients provided 254 observations before and after treatments. Methods: Multidimensional Rasch model was conducted. Results: The 2-factor model showed the significantly smallest deviance and fitte ...
Pages: 58-64
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Mapping the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Jan Lexell, James F. Malec, Lars J. Jacobsson
Objective: To examine the contents of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) by mapping it to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: Each of the 30 scoreable items in the MPAI-4 was mapped to the most precise ICF categories. Results: All 30 items could be mapped to components and categories in the ICF. A total of 88 meaningful concepts ...
Pages: 65-72
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Return to work five years after spinal cord injury inpatient rehabilitation: Is it related to wheelchair capacity at discharge?
Judith M. van Velzen, Christel M.C. van Leeuwen, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H.V. van der Woude, Willemijn X.M. Faber, Marcel W.M. Post
Objective: To describe the proportion of people with spinal cord injury who returned to work 5 years after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, and to investigate whether return to work is related to wheelchair capacity at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Design: Multi-centre prospective cohort study. Subjects: A total of 103 participants with acute spinal cord injury at 8 Dutch reh ...
Pages: 73-79
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of functional exercise capacity, pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in patients with multiple sclerosis with different disability levels and healthy controls
Meral Bosnak-Guclu, Arzu Guclu Gunduz, Bijen Nazliel, Ceyla Irkec
Objective: To compare functional exercise capacity, pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in fully ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis with different disability levels and healthy controls, and to elucidate the determinant factors of functional exercise capacity. Methods: Forty-three fully ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis and 30 healthy controls were included in th ...
Pages: 80-86
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Cognitive behavioural therapy in multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled pilot study of acceptance and commitment therapy
Linda Nordin, Ia Rorsman
Objective: The aim of this study was to design a trial that could evaluate the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy as a group-intervention for multiple sclerosis patients with psychological distress. Design: Randomized controlled trial with assessment at pretreatment, end of treatment, and at 3-month follow-up. Subjects: Multiple sclerosis outpatients with elevated symptoms of anxiety ...
Pages: 87-90
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Commentary on ”Past and present issues in Rasch analysis: The FIM revisited”
Louise Connell, Christopher Sutton
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 91-93
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Response to the Letter to the Editor by Connell and Sutton
Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Alan Tennant
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 91-93
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