Content

Content - Volume 44, Issue 10

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Physical examination, magnetic resonance image, and electrodiagnostic study in patients with lumbosacral disc herniation or spinal stenosis.
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee
Objective: To compare the clinical implications of electro-diagnostic study with those of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with lumbosacral intervertebral herniated disc or spinal stenosis. Design: Retrospective study of clinical data. Patients: Patients with lumbosacral intervertebral herniated disc or spinal stenosis, diagnosed by clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ...
Pages: 845-850
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All articles

SPECIAL REPORT
Towards the joint use of ICD and ICF: A call for contribution
Friedbert Kohler, Melissa Selb, Reuben Escorpizo, Nenad Kostanjsek, Gerold Stucki, Marcelo Riberto, on behalf of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) Sub-Committee Implementation of the ICF and the participants of the São Paulo ISPRM – World Health Organization (WHO) workshop
Background: To optimize patient functioning, rehabilitation professionals often rely on measurements of functioning as well as on classifications. Although the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) are used, their joint use has yet to become an established practice. To encourage their joint use in daily pract ...
Pages: 805-810
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effects of physiotherapy interventions on balance in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Jaana Paltamaa, Tuulikki Sjögren, Sinikka H. Peurala, Ari Heinonen
Objective: To determine the effects of physiotherapy interventions on balance in people with multiple sclerosis. Data sources: A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, Cinahl, Embase, PEDro, both electronically and by manual search up to March 2011. Study selection: Randomized controlled trials of physiothe-rapy interventions in people with multiple sclerosis, with an outcome mea ...
Pages: 811-823
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Exercise dose and mobility outcome in a comprehensive stroke unit: Description and prediction from a prospective cohort study
Katharine Scrivener, Catherine Sherrington, Karl Schurr
Objective: To describe the dose of lower limb exercise completed during admission to a stroke unit, establish predictors of dose and explore the relationship between dose and walking outcomes. Design: Inception cohort study. Participants: Two hundred consecutively-admitted people with stroke. Methods: Repetitions of exercise completed throughout the admission were tallied. Possible predictor ...
Pages: 824-829
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A randomized controlled study of segmental neuromyotherapy for post-stroke hemiplegic shoulder pain
Motti Ratmansky, Ruth Defrin, Nachum Soroker
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of segmental neuromyotherapy combined with standard hospital therapy relative to standard therapy alone in patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Patients: A total of 24 patients with positive Neer’s and hand-behind-neck tests received standard therapy for shoulder pain. Half of them received additional segmental neu ...
Pages: 830-836
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors associated with the occurrence of sentinel events during transition from hospital to home for individuals with traumatic brain injury
Emily Nalder, Jennifer Fleming, Petrea Cornwell, Michele Foster , Terry Haines
Objective: To describe the timing and factors associated with the occurrence of sentinel events (financial strain, difficulty accessing therapy, return to work, accommodation change and independent transport use) during transition to the community for individuals with traumatic brain injury. Design: Longitudinal cohort design with data collected pre discharge and at 1, 3 and 6-month follow-ups. ...
Pages: 837-844
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Physical examination, magnetic resonance image, and electrodiagnostic study in patients with lumbosacral disc herniation or spinal stenosis.
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee
Objective: To compare the clinical implications of electro-diagnostic study with those of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with lumbosacral intervertebral herniated disc or spinal stenosis. Design: Retrospective study of clinical data. Patients: Patients with lumbosacral intervertebral herniated disc or spinal stenosis, diagnosed by clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ...
Pages: 845-850
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Inter-tester reliability of discriminatory examination items for sub-classifying non-specific low back pain
Evdokia Billis, Christopher J. McCarthy, John Gliatis, Matthiew Gittins, Maria Papandreou, Jacqueline A. Oldham
Objective: To investigate the inter-tester reliability of a non-specific low back pain examination procedure, for sub-classifying non-specific low back pain. Design: Reliability study. Participants: Thirty patients with non-specific low back pain (12 males, 18 females, mean age: 27.7 years (standard deviation 10.3) and 7 physiotherapists (raters). Methods: Based on a health professionals’ c ...
Pages: 851-857
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Low back pain among caregivers of spinal cord injured patients
Ayse Nur Bardak, Belgin Erhan , Berrin Gündüz
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of low back pain among caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury and to investigate the risk factors for LBP among this population. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 100 spinal cord injured patients and their caregivers, and 87 healthy control subjects. Methods: Caregivers and control subjects completed a questionnaire about demogra ...
Pages: 858-861
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Proprioception, laxity, muscle strength and activity limitations in early symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: Results from the CHECK cohort
Jasmijn F.M. Holla, Marike van der Leeden, Wilfred F.H. Peter, Leo D. Roorda, Martin van der Esch, Willem F. Lems, Martijn Gerritsen, Ramon E. Voorneman, Martijn P.M. Steultjens, Joost Dekker
Objective: To establish whether proprioception and varus-valgus laxity moderate the association between muscle strength and activity limitations in patients with early symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: A sample of 151 participants with early symptomatic knee osteoarthritis from the Cohort Hip and Cohort Knee study. Methods: Regression analyses were perf ...
Pages: 862-868
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validity and responsiveness of the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) in patients with hand osteoarthritis
Linda Fernandes, Margreth Grotle, Siri Darre, Randi Nossum, Ingvild Kjeken
Background: The Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) is reliable and valid in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Objective: To assess the validity and responsiveness of the MAP-Hand in patients with hand osteoarthritis. Methods: Patients were recruited from 2 rheumatology centres. The internal consistency of the MAP-Hand was assessed by Cronbach’s α. Content validity wa ...
Pages: 869-876
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Clinical predictors of a positive response to guided diagnostic block into the subacromial bursa
Angela Cadogan, Mark Laslett, Wayne Hing, Peter McNair, Stephen Taylor
Objective: To compare the accuracy of combinations of clinical examination findings for predicting a positive response to injection of local anaesthetic into the subacromial bursa. Design: Prospective, cohort, diagnostic validity design. Subjects: Consecutive patients with shoulder pain recruited from primary care physiotherapy and general medical practices. Methods: All subjects underwent a s ...
Pages: 877-884
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Activity and participation of children and adolescents with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency: An online focus group study
Ingrid G.M. de Jong, Heleen A. Reinders-Messelink, Kiek Tates, Wim G.M. Janssen, Margriet J. Poelma, Iris van Wijk, Corry K. van der Sluis
Objective: To assess whether children/adolescents with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency experience activity or participation limitations and how they deal with those limitations. Methods: A qualitative study using online focus group interviews was held with 42 children/adolescents (in 3 age groups: 8–12, 13–16, and 17–20 years), 17 parents and 19 health professionals. Questions ...
Pages: 885-892
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Effects of seated double-poling ergometer training on aerobic and mechanical power in individuals with spinal cord injury
Thomas Lindberg, Anton Arndt , Cecilia Norrbrink, Kerstin Wahman, Anna Bjerkefors
Objective: To determine whether regular interval training on a seated double-poling ergometer can increase physical capacity and safely improve performance towards maximal level in individuals with spinal cord injury. Methods: A total of 13 subjects with spinal cord injury (injury levels T5–L1) performed 30 sessions of seated double-poling ergometer training over a period of 10 weeks. Sub-maxi ...
Pages: 893-898
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