Content

Content - Volume 44, Issue 7

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Five-year mortality and related prognostic factors after inpatient stroke rehabilitation: A European multi-centre study
Liesbet De Wit, Koen Putman, Hannes Devos, Nadine Brinkmann , Eddy Dejaeger, Willy De Weerdt, Walter Jenni, Nadina Lincoln, Birgit Schuback , Wilfried Schupp, Emmanuel Lesaffre
Objective: To determine 5-year mortality and its association with baseline characteristics and functional status 6 months post-stroke for patients who received inpatient rehabilitation. Design: A prospective rehabilitation-based cohort study. Subjects: A total of 532 consecutive stroke patients from 4 European rehabilitation centres. Methods: Predictors were recorded on admission. Barthel Inde ...
Pages: 547-552
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Information interventions for recovery following vehicle-related trauma to persons of working age: A systematic review of the literature
Fiona J. Clay, Alex Collie, Roderick. J. McClure
Objectives: Given the burden associated with vehicle-related trauma, there is interest in time and cost effective methods of providing information to assist recovery. This systematic review aims to address the question: “Do targeted early information interventions improve outcomes following vehicle­-related injuries for persons of working age?” Data Sources: Ovid Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO a ...
Pages: 521-533
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Evaluation of functional outcomes of physical rehabilitation and medical complications in spinal cord injury victims of the Sichuan earthquake
Yongqiang Li, Jan D. Reinhardt , James E. Gosney, Xia Zhang, Xiaorong Hu, Sijing Chen, Mingpu Ding, Jianan Li
Objectives: To characterize a spinal cord injury (SCI) population from the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China; to evaluate functional outcomes of physical rehabilitation interventions; to assess potential determinants of rehabilitation effectiveness; and to assess medical complications and management outcomes. Methods: A total of 51 earthquake victims with SCI were enrolled and underwent rehabilita ...
Pages: 534-540
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Somatosensory evoked potentials of hand muscles in stroke and their modification by botulinum toxin: A preliminary study
Aynur Basaran, Ufuk Emre, Kiymet Ikbal Karadavut, Nercivan Bulmus
Objective: To determine the effect of botulinum toxin A on spasticity and somatosensory evoked potentials of hand muscles in patients who have undergone cerebrovascular accident. Design: Preliminary, prospective, before-after study design. Patients: Six subjects prospectively followed after application of botulinum toxin A in the rehabilitation department of a university hospital. Methods: All ...
Pages: 541-546
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Five-year mortality and related prognostic factors after inpatient stroke rehabilitation: A European multi-centre study
Liesbet De Wit, Koen Putman, Hannes Devos, Nadine Brinkmann , Eddy Dejaeger, Willy De Weerdt, Walter Jenni, Nadina Lincoln, Birgit Schuback , Wilfried Schupp, Emmanuel Lesaffre
Objective: To determine 5-year mortality and its association with baseline characteristics and functional status 6 months post-stroke for patients who received inpatient rehabilitation. Design: A prospective rehabilitation-based cohort study. Subjects: A total of 532 consecutive stroke patients from 4 European rehabilitation centres. Methods: Predictors were recorded on admission. Barthel Inde ...
Pages: 547-552
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Sonography and physical findings in stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulders: A longitudinal study
Ya-Ping Pong, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chi Huang, Chau-Peng Leong, Mei-Yun Liaw, Hsuan-Yu Chen
Objective: To investigate the correlation between hemiplegic shoulder pain factors during the acute and chronic stages of stroke recovery. Design: A prospective longitudinal study. Subjects: Seventy-six stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulders. Methods: Hemiplegic shoulder pain and clinical, physical, and sonography results were recorded at admission and during both acute (before discharge) an ...
Pages: 553-557
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Spasticity management with botulinum toxin: Development and evaluation of a tool for audit
Rhoda Allison, Karen M. Knapp
Objective: To develop and evaluate tools for the audit of spasticity management with botulinum toxin. Design: Audit tools to assess the organisation of services and process of care were developed with a consensus process. The tools were piloted across 8 services using a retrospective case note audit. Inter-rater reliability was assessed, using percentage agreement and kappa scores. Clinicians inv ...
Pages: 558-561
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ORIGINAL REPORT
International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health categories explored for self-rated participation in Swedish adolescents and adults with a mild intellectual disability
Patrik Arvidsson, Mats Granlund, Ingrid Thyberg, Mikael Thyberg
Objective: To explore internal consistency and correlations between perceived ability, performance and perceived importance in a preliminary selection of self-reported items representing the activity/participation component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Design: Structured interview study. Subjects: Fifty-five Swedish adolescents and adults with ...
Pages: 562-569
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relevance and completeness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Comprehensive Breast Cancer Core Set: The patient perspective in an Australian community cohort
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Louisa Ng, Marina Demetrios, Julie F. Pallant
Objective: To examine the relevance and completeness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) comprehensive core set for breast cancer using patient reported disability in an Australian cohort. Method: Cross-sectional community survey of 85 women following definitive treatment for primary breast cancer. Everyday living problems reported by participants (usin ...
Pages: 570-580
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ORIGINAL REPORT
An occupational, internet-based intervention to prevent chronicity in subacute lower back pain: A randomised controlled trial
Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Jose A. Parraca, Jesus Del Pozo-Cruz , Jose C. Adsuar , Jonathan Hill, Narcis Gusi
Objective: To investigate whether an online occupational postural and exercise intervention reduced patients’ overall risk status for chronicity in subacute non-specific low back pain compared with conventional treatment, and to determine whether changes in risk of chronicity correlate with changes in specific outcomes (i.e. Functional Status and QoL) for low back pain. Design: Prospective, sin ...
Pages: 581-587
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Association between rehabilitation timing and major complications of total knee arthroplatsy
Hui-Wen Chen , Hui-Ming Chen, Yu-Chun Wang, Po-Yu Chen, Ching-Wen Chien
Objective: To investigate the association between rehabilitation timing and the occurrence of post-total knee arthroplasty complications and related medical service utilization. Methods: Data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database from 2003–2006 were used to perform a retrospective study on patients who received their initial total knee arthroplasty during 2004–2005 (a t ...
Pages: 588-592
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Health services utilization in adult acquired major upper-limb amputees: A population-based survey
Kristin Østlie, Beate Garfelt, Ola Skjeldal, Per Magnus
Objective: To increase knowledge of health services utilization and related factors in adult acquired major upper-limb amputees. Design: Population-based cross-sectional study conducted in Norway. Subjects: Twohundred and twentyfour adult acquired major upper-limb amputees (57.4% response rate). Mean age was 53.7 years, 83.5% were men and mean post-amputation time was 24.0 years. Methods: Data ...
Pages: 593-600
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Triamcinolone acetonide vs procaine hydrochloride injection in the management of carpal tunnel syndrome: Randomized placebo-controlled study
Ömer Karadaş, Fatih Tok, Selim Akarsu, Levent Tekin, Birol Balaban
Objective: The aim of this trial was to compare the efficacy of triamcinolone acetonide and procaine HCl with that of placebo in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Design: This prospective, randomized placebo-controlled trial included 57 patients (90 median nerves). Ninety median nerves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: group 1 was injected with 1 ml 0.09% saline, group 2 was injecte ...
Pages: 601-604
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationship between finger flexion and extension force in healthy women and women with rheumatoid arthritis
Sofia Brorsson, Anna Nilsdotter, Eja Pedersen, Ann Bremander, Carina Thorstensson
Objective: Balance between flexor and extensor muscle activity is essential for optimal function. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the relationship between maximum finger flexion force and maximum finger extension force in women with rheumatoid arthritis and healthy women. Methods: Twenty healthy women (median age 61 years) and 20 women with rheumatoid arthritis (median age 59.5 ye ...
Pages: 605-608
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The use of the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) in rehabilitation outcomes
Paula Kersten, Ayşe A. Küçükdeveci, Alan Tennant
Abstract is missing (Commentary)
Pages: 609-610
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