Content

Content - Volume 45, Issue 10

Editors choice in this issue

CASE REPORT
Recovery of an injured fornix in a stroke patient
Sang Seok Yeo , Sung Ho Jang
Objective: Knowledge about recovery of an injured fornix following brain injury is limited. We describe here a patient who showed recovery of an injured fornix following stroke. Case report: A 57-year-old female patient underwent coiling for a ruptured anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysm, and conservative management for subarachnoid and intraventricular haemorrhage. The patient showe ...
Pages: 1078-1080
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All articles

ORIGINAL REPORT
Systematic review of outcome measures of walking training using electromechanical and robotic devices in patients with stroke
Christian Geroin, Stefano Mazzoleni, Nicola Smania, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Donatella Bonaiuti, Giulio Gasperini, Patrizio Sale, Daniele Munari, Andreas Waldner, Raffaele Spidalieri, Federica Bovolenta, Alessandro Picelli, Federico Posteraro, Franco Molteni, Marco Franceschini, Italian Robotic Neurorehabilitation Research Group
Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to identify appropriate selection criteria of clinical scales for future trials, starting from those most commonly reported in the literature, according to their psychometric properties and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domains. Data sources: A computerized literature research of articles was conducted in ...
Pages: 987-996
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A mapping study on physical activity in stroke rehabilitation: Establishing the baseline
Monica Skarin, Anna Sjöholm, Åsa Lundgren Nilsson, Michael Nilsson, Julie Bernhardt, Thomas Lindén
Objective: To establish physical activity level, environment and social interaction in routine stroke rehabilitation practice. Design: Prospective observational study using behavioural mapping. Methods: Patients at 4 hospital stroke rehabilitation units in Sweden at least 7 days post-stroke were observed over 1 week-day at 10 min intervals between 08.00 h and 17.00 h. At each observation, physi ...
Pages: 997-1003
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Quantitative assessment of joint position sense recovery in subacute stroke patients: A pilot study
Jan-Christoph Kattenstroth, Tobias Kalisch, Rebecca Kowalewski, Martin Tegenthoff, Hubert R. Dinse
Objective: To assess joint position sense performance in subacute stroke patients using a novel quantitative assessment. Design: Proof-of-principle pilot study with a group of subacute stroke patients. Assessment at baseline and after 2 weeks of intervention. Additional data for a healthy age-matched control group. Subjects/patients: Ten subacute stroke patients (aged 65.41 years (standard devia ...
Pages: 1004-1009
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Life satisfaction 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury
Lars Jacobsson, Jan Lexell
Objectives: To assess satisfaction with life as a whole and 10 domains of life satisfaction in Swedish individuals after a traumatic brain injury, to describe the relationship with demographic, social and injury related variables, and to compare the level of life satisfaction with a Swedish reference sample. Subjects: Fifty-one men and sixteen women, 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injur ...
Pages: 1010-1015
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Secondary health conditions in persons with spinal cord injury: A longitudinal study from one to five years post-discharge
Jacinthe J.E. Adriaansen, Marcel W.M. Post, Sonja de Groot, Floris W.A. van Asbeck, Janneke M. Stolwijk-Swüste, Marga Tepper, Eline Lindeman
Objective: To assess the occurrence of secondary health conditions and their potential risk factors in persons with spinal cord injury from 1 to 5 years after discharge from initial inpatient rehabilitation. Design: Multicentre longitudinal study. Subjects: A total of 139 wheelchair-dependent persons with spinal cord injury. Methods: The occurrence of secondary health conditions and their poten ...
Pages: 1016-1022
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Regaining health and wellbeing after traumatic spinal cord injury
Nivia Carballeira Suarez, Richard Levi, Jennifer Bullington
Objective: Traumatic spinal cord injury is typically a devastating event, leading to permanent physical disability. Despite the severity of the condition, many persons with traumatic spinal cord injury manage to lead both active and independent lives. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of health and wellbeing of persons living with a traumatic spinal cord injury for at least 2 ...
Pages: 1023-1027
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Fear-avoidance beliefs and cardiac rehabilitation in patients with first-time myocardial infarction
Kristina Åhlund, Maria Bäck, Ninni Sernert
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine fear-avoidance beliefs in patients after first-time myocardial infarction and to determine how such beliefs change over time. A futher aim was to analyse fear-avoidance beliefs and physical activity levels in patients attending exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation led by a registered physiotherapist, compared with a control group. Design: Prospecti ...
Pages: 1028-1033
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reduction in health service use for whiplash injury after motor vehicle accidents in 2000–2009: Results from a defined population
Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Alex Collie, Roderick McClure
Objective: To establish trends in whiplash-related health service use and cost in Victoria, Australia. Design: Administrative data analysis. Subjects: Whiplash patients claiming Transport Accident Commission (TAC) compensation for accidents dating between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2009 (n = 51,263). Methods: Injury-related health service use during one year following the accide ...
Pages: 1034-1041
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Main and combined effects of musculoskeletal pain frequency and avoidant coping on sickness absence: Findings from a prospective cohort study
Ulla Christensen, Lone Schmidt, Charlotte Ørsted Hougaard, Karsten Thielen, Else Nygaard, Rikke Lund
Objective: Musculoskeletal pain and avoidant coping predicts sickness absence, but how these 2 predictors relate to each other is unknown. We examined the main and combined effects of musculoskeletal pain and avoidant, behavioural coping on incidence of sickness absence. Design and subjects: Prospective cohort study of a sample of middle-aged Danes, economically active in 2006, reporting functio ...
Pages: 1042-1048
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ORIGINAL REPORT
An observational study of two rehabilitation strategies for patients with chronic pain, focusing on sick leave at one-year follow-up
Daniel Merrick, Gunnevi Sundelin, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
Objective: To follow up 2 rehabilitation strategies for patients with chronic pain: a 2-day interdisciplinary team assessment followed by either (i) a 4-week outpatient multimodal rehabilitation programme, or (ii) a subsequent rehabilitation plan. Methods: After a 2-day interdisciplinary team assessment at our pain rehabilitation clinic, 296 consecutive patients were selected to undergo either m ...
Pages: 1049-1057
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Inter-rater reliability of the Active Straight-Leg Raise and One-Leg Standing tests in non-pregnant women
Evan H. Kwong, Noorshina Virani, Magali Robert, Kate Gerry, Anita Harding, M. Sarah Rose, Sean P. Dukelow, Pamela M. Barton
Objective: To determine the inter-rater reliability of the Active Straight-Leg Raise and One-Leg Standing tests. Design: Cross-sectional pilot study. Subjects: Thirty-one women who were either not pregnant or at least 9 months post-partum. Methods: Subjects completed a questionnaire and standardized pain and disability assessments. The Active Straight-Leg Raise and One-Leg Standing tests were ...
Pages: 1058-1064
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rehabilitation in skilled nursing centres for elderly people with lower limb amputations: A mixed-methods, descriptive study
Lauren V. Fortington, Gerardus M. Rommers, Anne Wind-Kral, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Jan H.B. Geertzen
Objectives: To describe the current set-up, barriers and potential for providing rehabilitation to people with lower limb amputation in skilled nursing centres. Design: Survey and interviews. Subjects/participants: Elderly care physicians, physiotherapists. Methods: In 2011, clinicians from 34 skilled nursing centres participated in a semi-structured interview covering rehabilitation and daily ...
Pages: 1065-1070
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Increased physical activity improves aerobic fitness, but not functional walking capacity, in severely obese subjects participating in a lifestyle intervention
Eivind Aadland, Randi Jepsen, John Roger Andersen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen
Objective: To determine the relationship between change in physical activity level and change in directly measured maximal aerobic fitness in severely obese subjects participating in a 1-year lifestyle intervention, and to determine whether change in 6-min walk test (6MWT) could be used as an indicator of change in aerobic fitness. Methods: Complete data on aerobic fitness (maximal oxygen consum ...
Pages: 1071-1077
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CASE REPORT
Recovery of an injured fornix in a stroke patient
Sang Seok Yeo , Sung Ho Jang
Objective: Knowledge about recovery of an injured fornix following brain injury is limited. We describe here a patient who showed recovery of an injured fornix following stroke. Case report: A 57-year-old female patient underwent coiling for a ruptured anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysm, and conservative management for subarachnoid and intraventricular haemorrhage. The patient showe ...
Pages: 1078-1080
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