Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 9

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
A meta-analysis of constraint-induced movement therapy after stroke
Gyrd Thrane, Oddgeir Friborg , Audny Anke, Bent Indredavik
Objective: To evaluate the effect of constraint-induced movement therapy in adult stroke patients and to examine the impact of time since stroke and various treatment modalities. Data sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and PEDro trial registers were searched for clinical trials published before November 2012. Study selection: Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials of constraint-induce ...
Pages: 833-842
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
A meta-analysis of constraint-induced movement therapy after stroke
Gyrd Thrane, Oddgeir Friborg , Audny Anke, Bent Indredavik
Objective: To evaluate the effect of constraint-induced movement therapy in adult stroke patients and to examine the impact of time since stroke and various treatment modalities. Data sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and PEDro trial registers were searched for clinical trials published before November 2012. Study selection: Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials of constraint-induce ...
Pages: 833-842
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Motor imagery during movement activates the brain more than movement alone after stroke: A pilot study
Lucy Dodakian, Jill Campbell Stewart, Steven C. Cramer
Objective: To examine the neural correlates of motor imagery performed in conjunction with movement of the paretic arm after stroke. Design: Cross-sectional, cohort study. Subjects: Seven individuals in the chronic phase of stroke recovery (median (range): age: 58 years (37–73); time post-stroke: 9 months (4–42); upper extremity Fugl-Meyer motor score: 48 (36–64)). Methods: Parti ...
Pages: 843-848
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Plantarflexion moment is a contributor to step length after-effect following walking on a split-belt treadmill in individuals with stroke and healthy individuals
Séléna Lauzière, Carole Miéville , Martina Betschart, Cyril Duclos, Rachid Aissaoui, Sylvie Nadeau
Objective: To assess plantarflexion moment and hip joint moment after-effects following walking on a split-belt treadmill in healthy individuals and individuals post-stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Ten healthy individuals (mean age 57.6 years (standard deviation; SD 17.2)) and twenty individuals post-stroke (mean age 49.3 years (SD 13.2)). Methods: Participants walked on an i ...
Pages: 849-857
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Stroke survivors’, caregivers’, and health care professionals’ perspectives on the weekend pass to facilitate transition home
Jill I. Cameron, Marina Bastawrous , Amanda Marsella, Samantha Forde , Leslie Smale, Judith Friedland , Denyse Richardson, Gary Naglie
Objective: To explore stroke survivors’, caregivers’, and health care professionals’ perceptions of weekend passes offered during inpatient rehabilitation and its role in facilitating the transition home. Design: Qualitative descriptive. Subjects: Sixteen stroke survivors, 15 caregivers, and 20 health care professionals’ from a rehabilitation hospital. Methods: Participants ...
Pages: 858-863
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Goal attainment following upper-limb botulinum toxin-A injections: Are we facilitating achievement of client-centred goals?
Melissa T. Nott, Hannah L. H Barden, Ian J. Baguley
Objectives: Evaluate upper-limb goal attainment following botulinum toxin-A, map goals to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and explore associations between client goals, clinical indicators of spasticity and the Botulinum Toxin-A injection strategy adopted by the treating physician. Design: Pre-test/post-test. Participants: Twenty-eight community-dwell ...
Pages: 864-868
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ORIGINAL REPORT
How flexible is coping after acquired brain injury? A 1-year prospective study investigating coping patterns and influence of self-efficacy, executive functioning and self-awareness
Ingrid Brands, Sebastian Köhler , Sven Stapert, Derick Wade, Caroline van Heugten
Objectives: To investigate coping flexibility in patients with newly acquired brain injury and to investigate the influence of problem type, self-efficacy, self-awareness and self-reported executive functions on coping flexibility. Methods: Data were collected from a prospective clinical cohort study of 136 patients assessed after discharge home (mean time since injury = 15 weeks) an ...
Pages: 869-875
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of ventriculoperitoneal shunting on chronic normal pressure hydrocephalus in consciousness rehabilitation
Zhen Chen, Yanhui Yang, Ge Chen, Maobin Wang, Weiqun Song
Objective: To investigate the impact of ventriculoperitoneal shunting during clinical rehabilitation of chronic normal pressure hydrocephalus patients with disorders of consciousness following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients and methods: Thirty-five patients with disorders of consciousness following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage who had undergo ...
Pages: 876-881
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Acute phase complications following traumatic spinal cord injury in Dutch level 1 trauma centres
Karin C.M. van Weert, Evert J. Schouten, José Hofstede , Henk van de Meent, Herman R. Holtslag, Rita J.G. van den Berg-Emons
Objective: To assess the number and nature of complications during the acute phase following traumatic spinal cord injury and to explore the relationship between number of complications and length of hospital stay. Design: Multi-centre prospective cohort study. Patients: A total of 54 patients with traumatic spinal cord injury, referred to 3 level 1 trauma centres in The Netherlands. Methods: T ...
Pages: 882-885
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Self-reported physical activity and risk markers for cardiovascular disease after spinal cord injury
Peter Flank, Martin Fahlström, Carina Boström, John E. Lewis , Richard Levi, Kerstin Wahman
Objective: To examine whether self-reported physical activity of a moderate/vigorous intensity influences risk markers for cardiovascular disease in persons with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 134 wheelchair-dependent individuals (103 men, 31 women) with chronic (≥ 1 year) post-traumatic spinal cord injury with p ...
Pages: 886-890
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Spina bifida and sexuality
Michael Ernst von Linstow, Ida Biering-Sørensen, Annette Liebach, Marianne Lind , Aase Seitzberg , Rikke Bølling Hansen , Fin Biering-Sørensen
Objective: To evaluate sexual function amongst adult individuals with spina bifida and to register their subjective satisfaction with their sexual life and relationships. Setting: Department for Spinal Cord Injuries, East Denmark. Study design and methods: Cohort study. Medical record information, neurological examination, personal interview, Functional Independence Measure (FIMTM), Medical Outc ...
Pages: 891-897
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Shoulder pain patients in primary care – Part 1: Clinical outcomes over 12 months following standardized diagnostic workup, corticosteroid injections, and community-based care
Mark Laslett, Michael Steele, Wayne Hing, Peter McNair, Angela Cadogan
Objective: Measure changes in pain and disability of primary care shoulder pain patients over a 12-month period. Design: A non-randomized audit with repeated measures of pain and disability at 3 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. Patients: Of 208 patients, 161 agreed to participate with 96.9%, 98.1%, 86.3%, 83.9% follow-up at 3 weeks, at 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively. Mean age was 44 years, mean sympto ...
Pages: 898-907
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of neck coordination exercise on sensorimotor function in chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled trial
Thomas Rudolfsson, Mats Djupsjöbacka, Charlotte Häger, Martin Björklund
Objective: To evaluate the effect of neck coordination exercise on sensorimotor function in women with neck pain compared with best-available treatment and sham treatment. Design: Observer-blinded randomized controlled trial with short-term and 6-month follow-ups. Subjects: Women with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomized to 3 groups: neck coordination exercise with a novel training dev ...
Pages: 908-914
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional performance, participation and autonomy after discharge from prosthetic rehabilitation: Barriers, facilitators and outcomes
Sacha van Twillert, Ilse Stuive , Jan H.B. Geertzen, Klaas Postema, Ant T. Lettinga
Objective: To examine functional performance, participation and autonomy after discharge from prosthetic rehabilitation and to identify the barriers and facilitators affecting these outcomes. Design: Concurrent mixed-methods design. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected at discharge from rehabilitation, and 3 and 6 months later. The data were integrated during analysis. Subjects: Thi ...
Pages: 915-923
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The impact of patient-healthcare provider discussions on enrollment in cardiovascular rehabilitation
Sanam Pourhabib, Amanda C. Kentner , Sherry L. Grace
Objective: Secondary prevention programs such as cardiovascular rehabilitation significantly decrease the burden of cardiovascular disease, yet are under-used. The most successful strategy to promote cardiovascular rehabilitation utilization is systematic referral with a patient-provider discussion. This study investigated: (i) the elements of patient-provider discussions related to patient cardio ...
Pages: 924-931
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Improvement in taste sensitivity following pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Kumiko Ito , Masahiro Kohzuki, Tamao Takahashi , Satoru Ebihara
Objective: Weight loss is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Anorexia, postulated to be associated with alteration in taste sensitivity, may contribute to weight loss in these patients. Pulmonary rehabilitation is known to lead to improved exercise performance in patients with COPD. However, the relationship between pulmonary rehabilitation and taste sensitivity ...
Pages: 932-936
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Variability of vibrations produced by commercial whole-body vibration platforms
Milad Alizadeh-Meghrazi , José Zariffa, Kei Masani, Milos R. Popovic, B. Catherine Craven
Objective: Whole body vibration has been studied in populations experiencing neuromuscular degradation, including the elderly and individuals with neurological disorders, but methodological standardization is required to clarify its therapeutic effects. The characteristics of the vibrations actually delivered by commercial platforms are rarely measured or reported. Our objective was to quantify th ...
Pages: 937-940
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Spasticity with hypocalcemia: Does spasticity have a metabolic determinant?
Ozlem Tasoglu, N. Kutay Ordu-Gokkaya, Didem Yenigun, Meryem Demir, Nese Ozgirgin
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 941-941
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Re: Malnutrition is associated with poor rehabilitation outcome in elderly inpatients with hospital-associated deconditioning: A prospective cohort study
Vildan Binay Safer, Umit Cintosun, Ilker Tasci, Umut Safer, Inci Yanikoglu
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 942-943
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