Content

Content - Volume 48, Issue 8

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Angelika Sorteberg
Objective: To assess the impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: Prospective, controlled, interventional study comprising patients managed in the neuro-intermediate ward following repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients in the Control group (n = 76) received standard treatme ...
Pages: 676-682
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All articles

EDITORIAL
New Editors of Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kristian Borg, Henk Stam
Pages: 645-0
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Functional electrical stimulation versus ankle foot orthoses for foot-drop: A meta-analysis of orthotic effects
Sarah Prenton, Kristen L. Hollands, Laurence P.J. Kenney
Objective: To compare the effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation (FES) and ankle foot orthoses for foot-drop of central neurological origin, assessed in terms of unassisted walking behaviours compared with assisted walking following a period of use (combined-orthotic effects). Data sources: MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, REHABDATA, ...
Pages: 646-656
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sideways walk test: Reliability and association with lower limb motor function after stroke
Shamay S.M. Ng, Bobby K.C. Lau, Gilbert T.C. Law, Choco W.K. Wom, Tai-Wa Liu, Eric W.C. Tam, Mimi M.Y. Tse, Shirley S.M. Fong
Objectives: To investigate (i) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability of sideways walk test times and counts in individuals with stroke; (ii) their correlations with stroke-specific measures of impairment; (iii) the cut-off sideways walk test times and counts between stroke survivors and healthy controls; and (iv) the minimum detectable changes in the sideways walk test times and ...
Pages: 657-665
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of acceleration and deceleration distance on the walking speed of people with chronic stroke
Shamay S.M. Ng, Kat K.C. Au, Emily L.W. Chan, Daisy O.M. Chan, Ginger M.Y. Keung, Joanna K.Y. Lee, Patrick W.H. Kwong, Eric W.C. Tam, Shirley S.M. Fong
Objective: To examine the effect of acceleration and deceleration distance (0, 1, 2 and 3 m) on the comfortable and maximum walking speeds in: (i) the 5-m walk test (5mWT); and (ii) the 10-m walk test (10mWT) in people with chronic stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre. Subjects: Thirty individuals with chronic stroke. Methods: Timed walking at ...
Pages: 666-670
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional recovery after stroke in Benin: A six-month follow-up study
Oyéné Kossi, Charles Sèbiyo Batcho, Thierry Adoukonou, Jean-Louis Thonnard
Objective: Stroke is a major public health problem in developing countries. However, few studies have quantified the functional recovery of stroke patients in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examined the functional recovery of stroke patients in the Republic of Benin. Methods: A total of 68 patients with acute stroke were recruited from hospitals and health centres in Benin. Patients were evaluate ...
Pages: 671-675
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Angelika Sorteberg
Objective: To assess the impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: Prospective, controlled, interventional study comprising patients managed in the neuro-intermediate ward following repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients in the Control group (n = 76) received standard treatme ...
Pages: 676-682
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of botulinum toxin A injections in spinal cord injury patients with detrusor overactivity and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia
Maping Huang, Hui Chen, Chonghe Jiang, Keji Xie, Ping Tang, Rubiao Ou, Jiangwen Zeng, Qiuling Liu, Qingqing Li, Jiebing Huang, Tianhai Huang, Weiwei Zeng
Objective: To evaluate the safety and effect of botulinum toxin A injection in the detrusor and external urethral sphincter in male patients with detrusor overactivity (DO) and detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia (DESD) secondary to spinal cord injury. Methods: A multicentre trial was conducted from June 2012 to August 2015. A total of 65 spinal cord injury patients with DO and DESD particip ...
Pages: 683-687
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Health and social conditions in Norwegian polio survivors: A 20-year follow-up study
Lillian Festvåg, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Nils Erik Gilhus, Sigurd Aarrestad, Kari Lofthus, Stein Johnsen, Geir Strømsholm, Steinar Øyhaugen, Ragnhild Skovly Hartviksen, Johan Kvalvik Stanghelle
Objective: To explore the physical and social situation of the Norwegian polio population in 2014, and to compare the status of this population in 2014 with the results of a similar survey carried out 20 years previously, in 1994. Design: The study was based on a questionnaire covering demographics, polio history, and current medical, psychological and social conditions. Subjects: The questionn ...
Pages: 688-695
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Short- and long-term effects of exercise on neck muscle function in cervical radiculopathy: A randomized clinical trial
Marie Halvorsen, Deborah Falla, Leonardo Gizzi, Karin Harms-Ringdahl, Anneli Peolsson, Åsa Dedering
Objective: To compare short- and long-term changes in neck muscle endurance, electromyography measures of neck muscle activation and fatigue and ratings of fatigue and pain after neck-specific training or physical activity in people with cervical radiculopathy. Design: Randomized clinical trial. Subjects/patients: Seventy-five patients with cervical radiculopathy. Methods: Patients underwent n ...
Pages: 696-704
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Gastrointestinal risk assessment in patients requiring non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for osteoarthritis: The GIRANO study
Guy Vanderstraeten, Thierry M. Lejeune, Hubert Piessevaux, Dirk De Bacquer, Chris Walker, Birgit De Beleyr
Objective: To evaluate gastrointestinal risk profiles in patients with osteoarthritis who are currently being treated, or who are candidates for treatment, with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Methods: Patients with osteoarthritis treated by primary care physicians or physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) specialists in Belgium and Luxembourg were scored for gastrointestinal risk pro ...
Pages: 705-710
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A four-week team-rehabilitation programme in a warm climate decreases disability and improves health and body function for up to one year: A prospective study in Swedish patients with inflammatory joint diseases
Sofia Ajeganova, Margareta Wörnert, Ingiäld Hafström
Objective: In the era of biologics, we evaluated the short- and long-term effects of team-rehabilitation in a warm climate in patients with arthritis and an inadequate response to physio-therapy in Sweden. Methods: A total of 161 patients with peripheral arthritis and spondyloarthritis, 63% treated with biologics, followed team-rehabilitation for a period of 4 weeks. The outcomes assessed pre- an ...
Pages: 711-718
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of adult day care services on disability in older persons: Evaluation of a designed service package in Iran
Mohammadreza Shahbazi, Mahshid Foroughan, Mahdi Rahgozar, Reza Salman Roghani
Objective: To assess the effects of a rehabilitation service package designed by the State Welfare Organization of Iran for adult day care centres on the disability of older clients. Methods: A case-control study, with 46 older participants in the case group and 46 participants, matched for level of disability, in a control group. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2 wa ...
Pages: 719-724
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CASE REPORT
Improving arm function by prosthetic limb replacement in a patient with severe arthrogryposis multiplex congenita
Stefan Salminger, Aidan D. Roche, Agnes Sturma, Laura A. Hruby, Oskar C. Aszmann
Objective: In patients with severe bilateral congenital arm deficiencies, even simple activities of daily living, such as feeding, may be major challenges. We report here a case of a patient with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita affecting all 4 extremities, who underwent prosthetic replacement after elective transhumeral amputation of his right functionless arm. Case report: A 22-year-old man ...
Pages: 725-728
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