Content - Volume 40, Issue 5

All articles

Stretching to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic review
Bruno R. da Costa, Edgar Ramos Vieira
Objective: This article reviewed the literature to clarify the physiological effects and benefits of, and misconceptions about, stretches used to reduce musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: Nine databases were reviewed to identify studies exploring the effectiveness of stretching to prevent work¬related musculoskeletal disorders. Included studies were reviewed and their methodological quality wa ...
Pages: 321-328
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Creation and pilot testing of StrokEngine: A stroke rehabilitation intervention website for clinicians and families
Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Marc-André Roy, Robert Teasell, Lorie Kloda, Caroline Storr , Liliane Asseraf-Pasin, Anita Menon-Nair
Objective: There is a gap in the translation of knowledge about stroke between researchers and clinicians. This paper describes the creation and pilot testing of an evidence-based stroke rehabilitation intervention website, StrokEngine (http://www. strokengine. org), which was designed to close this gap. Design: A within-subject design was used to compare the usability and navigability of StrokE ...
Pages: 329-333
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Working with a brain injury: Personal experiences of returning to work following a mild or moderate brain injury
Gill Gilworth, Sophie Eyres, Amy Carey, Bipin B. Bhakta, Alan Tennant
Objective: Most brain injuries occur in people of working age. Individuals with mild or moderate injuries may have unrecognized problems affecting return to work. Previous studies have focused on factors that predict return to work after brain injury. There is limited information about the experiences of individuals returning to work. Design: Individual interviews explored the work-related expec ...
Pages: 334-339
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Identification and comparison of rehabilitation goals after multiple injuries: An ICF analysis of the patients’, physiotherapists’ and other allied professionals’ reported goals
Helene L. Soberg, Arnstein Finset, Olav Roise, Erik Bautz-Holter
Objective: To explore and compare severely injured patients' rehabilitation goals with respect to their functioning and the reported goals of rehabilitation professionals. Design: A prospective cohort study, including longitudinal data on patients' functioning and cross-sectional data from the patients' and professionals' goal descriptions. Subjects: Sixty-six patients (53 men, 13 women, mean ...
Pages: 340-346
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Needs, problems and rehabilitation goals of young children with cerebral palsy as formulated in the rehabilitation activities profile for children
Bianca J.G. Nijhuis, Heleen A. Reinders-Messelink, Alida C.E. de Blécourt, Jans G. Ties, Anne M. Boonstra, Johan W. Groothoff, Han Nakken, Klaas Postema
Objective: To describe the content of needs, problems and goals of 41 Dutch children with cerebral palsy using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) as a classification system. To evaluate the adherence of formulations of needs, problems and goals to specifications of the Rehabilitation Activities Profile for Children. Methods: Raw ...
Pages: 347-354
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Perceived disability but not pain is connected with autonomic nervous function among patients with chronic low back pain
Maarit Gockel, Harri Lindholm, Leena Niemistö, Heikki Hurri
Objective: To assess the association of cardiovascular autonomic balance with perceived functional impairment and pain among patients with chronic low back pain. Design: A cross-sectional analysis of working patients with chronic low back pain. Patients: Forty-six consecutive patients aged 24–45 years with chronic low back pain fulfilling the inclusion criteria. A total of 39 subjects had te ...
Pages: 355-358
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Aerobic fitness in patients at work despite recurrent low back pain: A cross-sectional study with healthy age- and gender-matched controls
Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Lena Lundqvist, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Therese Ljungquist
Objective: The aims of this study were to compare the aerobic fitness level of working patients who have recurrent low back pain with those of healthy age- and gender-matched controls, and to investigate the relationship of aerobic fitness level with pain intensity, general health, perceived disability, fear-avoidance beliefs and self-efficacy. Subjects and methods: A total of 57 patients with r ...
Pages: 359-365
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Acuity of goal-directed arm movements to visible targets in chronic neck pain
Jonas Sandlund, Ulrik Röijezon, Martin Björklund, Mats Djupsjöbacka
Objective: To evaluate end-point acuity in goal-directed arm movements in subjects with chronic neck pain, while taking the trade-off between speed and accuracy into account, and to evaluate associations between reduced acuity and self-rated characteristics. Design: Single-blinded, controlled, comparative group study. Subjects: Forty-five subjects with chronic non-traumatic, non-specific neck ...
Pages: 366-374
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Kinesiophobia in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: Differences between men and women
Harriet Bränström, Martin Fahlström
Objective: To investigate the degree of kinesiophobia in patients with chronic pain, to examine differences in kinesiophobia and other pain-related characteristics between men and women, and to examine differences in pain-related characteristics between patients with high and low levels of kinesiophobia. Design: Postal survey. Subjects/patients: Eighty-eight men and 173 women with chronic musc ...
Pages: 375-380
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Relationship between the EMG ratio of muscle activation and bony structure in osteoarthritic knee patients with and without patellar malalignment
Shu-Hsia Wu, Ngok-Kiu Chu, Yiu-Chung Liu, Chih-Kuang Chen, Simon F.T. Tang, Cheng-Kung Cheng
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare muscle activation patterns and patellofemoral joint morphologies between patients with knee osteoarthritis with and without patellar malalignment. Subjects: The subjects were divided into 3 groups. Group A comprised 11 patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis without patellar malalignment. Group B comprised 14 patients with symptomatic knee os ...
Pages: 381-386
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SF36 physical functioning scale and 2-minute walk test advocated as core qualifiers to evaluate physical functioning in patients with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis
Janneke M. Stolwijk-Swüste, Anita Beelen, Gustaaf J. Lankhorst, Frans Nollet, the CARPA study group
Objective: To select a questionnaire and walking capacity test based on comparison of clinimetric properties and mutual association to be used as "core" qualifiers for physical functioning in patients with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis. Design: Repeated-measures at 3-week intervals. Subjects: An unselected sample of 57 patients with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis from a prospectiv ...
Pages: 387-394
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Validation of the orthotics and prosthetics user survey upper extremity functional status module in people with unilateral upper limb amputation
Helena Burger, Franco Franchignoni, Allen W. Heinemann, Stanislava Kotnik, Andrea Giordano
Objective: To evaluate the measurement properties of the Upper Extremity Functional Status module of the Orthotics and Prosthetics User Survey (OPUS). Design: Methodological research on an outcome measure administered by clinical interview. Patients: A convenience sample of 61 adults who had unilateral upper limb amputations and completed rehabilitation at the Institute for Rehabilitation in L ...
Pages: 393-399
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