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Content - Volume 46, Issue 2

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Using the robotic device REAplan as a valid, reliable, and sensitive tool to quantify upper limb impairments in stroke patients
Maxime Gilliaux, Thierry M. Lejeune, Christine Detrembleur, Julien Sapin, Bruno Dehez, Clara Selves, Gaëtan Stoquart
Objective: To validate a protocol assessing upper limb kinematics using a planar robot among stroke patients. Design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: Age-matched healthy subjects (n = 25) and stroke patients (n = 25). Methods: Various kinematic indices (n = 44) were obtained from 4 tasks performed by subjects with REAplan, a planar end-effector robotic de ...
Pages: 117-125
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SPECIAL REPORT
The International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine: The way forward – II
Marta Imamura, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Gerold Stucki, Jianan Li, Jorge Lains , Walter Frontera, John Olver, Levent Özçakar, Joel DeLisa, Linamara Rizzo Battistella, John Melvin
This paper reports on recent changes and future plans concerning the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Issues discussed are its structural organization, collaboration and recognition, liaison with the World Health Organization , work in strengthening science, and its future agenda.
Pages: 97-107
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REVIEW ARTICLE
A comparison of participation outcome measures and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Sets for traumatic brain injury
Pearl Chung, Sarah Jin Hee Yun, Fary Khan
Objective: To compare the contents of participation outcome measures in traumatic brain injury with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for traumatic brain injury. Method: A systematic search with an independent review process selected relevant articles to identify outcome measures in participation in traumatic brain injury. Instruments used in t ...
Pages: 108-116
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Using the robotic device REAplan as a valid, reliable, and sensitive tool to quantify upper limb impairments in stroke patients
Maxime Gilliaux, Thierry M. Lejeune, Christine Detrembleur, Julien Sapin, Bruno Dehez, Clara Selves, Gaëtan Stoquart
Objective: To validate a protocol assessing upper limb kinematics using a planar robot among stroke patients. Design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: Age-matched healthy subjects (n = 25) and stroke patients (n = 25). Methods: Various kinematic indices (n = 44) were obtained from 4 tasks performed by subjects with REAplan, a planar end-effector robotic de ...
Pages: 117-125
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Altered default mode and affective network connectivity in stroke patients with and without dysphagia
Shasha Li , Muke Zhou, Bo Yu, Zhenxing Ma, Sihan Chen, Qiyong Gong, Li He, Xiaoqi Huang, Su Lui, Xiaotong Wang, Dong Zhou, Chengqi He
Objective: Neuroimaging studies in stroke patients provide substantial evidence for the involvement of widespread cortical and subcortical regions in the control of swallowing. Although the affective network and the default mode network are functionally related to “autonomic” and “volitional” swallowing, little is known about their functional changes in dysphagic stroke patient ...
Pages: 126-131
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of gait training using a robotic constraint (Lokomat®) on gait kinematics and kinetics in chronic stroke patients
Celine Bonnyaud, Didier Pradon, Julien Boudarham, Johanna Robertson, Nicolas Vuillerme, Nicolas Roche
Objective: To evaluate the effects of a 20-min gait training session using the Lokomat® combined with a negative kinematic constraint on the non-paretic limb and a positive kinematic constraint on the paretic limb, on peak knee flexion and other biomechanical parameters in chronic hemiparetic subjects. Design: Preliminary study, before–after design. Subjects: Fifteen hemiparetic subjects ...
Pages: 132-138
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Anxiety and low life satisfaction associate with high caregiver strain early after stroke
Daniëlla M. Oosterveer, Radha Rambaran Mishre, Andrea van Oort, Karin Bodde, Leo A. M. Aerden
Objective: Caregivers play an important role in the well-being of stroke patients, and are known to experience considerable strain 3 months or more after patient discharge. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of caregiver strain early after discharge. Methods: Six weeks after discharge from the hospital or rehabilitation setting stroke-surviving patients and th ...
Pages: 139-143
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors associated with living setting at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation after acquired brain injury in Ontario, Canada
Amy Chen, Vincy Chan, Brandon Zagorski, Daria Parsons, Angela Colantonio
Objective: This study examined factors associated with living setting of patients with acquired brain injury at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Design: Retrospective cohort design. Subjects/Patients: Cohort of patients first identified in acute care with a diagnostic code of traumatic or non-traumatic brain injury who also subsequently received inpatient rehabilitation in Ontario, Can ...
Pages: 144-152
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Non-adherence to prescribed home rehabilitation exercises for musculoskeletal injuries: The role of the patient-practitioner relationship
Bradley James Wright, Nicholas Justin Galtieri , Michelle Fell
Objective: To identify which factors best explain non-adherence to home rehabilitation exercises (HRE) for patients with musculoskeletal injuries. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Participants (n = 87) aged 17–91 years completed questionnaires measuring demographic and injury-related information, self-efficacy, personality, health locus of control, patient-practitioner re ...
Pages: 153-158
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Immediate and medium-term effects of custom-moulded insoles on pain, physical function, physical activity, and balance control in patients with knee osteoarthritis
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee
Objective: To investigate the immediate and medium-term effects of custom-moulded insoles on patients with knee osteoarthritis. Design: Before-after trial, followed up for 6 months. Subjects: Forty participants, mean age 61 years, who fulfilled the combined radiographic and clinical criteria for knee osteoarthritis, as defined by the American College of Rheumatology. Methods: Custom-moulded insole ...
Pages: 159-165
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Efficacy of a 12-month, monitored home exercise programme compared with normal care commencing 2 months after total knee arthroplasty: A randomized controlled trial
Mirja Vuorenmaa, Jari Ylinen, Kirsi Piitulainen, Petri Salo, Hannu Kautiainen, Maija Pesola, Arja Häkkinen
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a delayed home exercise programme compared with normal care after primary total knee arthroplasty. Design: Single-blind, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Participants: A total of 108 participants (61% females, mean age 69 years [standard deviation 8.7]), were randomized to a home-based exercise group (EG, n = 53) or to a control group ...
Pages: 166-172
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cognitive mechanisms of change in multidisciplinary treatment of patients with chronic widespread pain: A prospective cohort study
Aleid de Rooij, Michiel R. de Boer, Marike van der Leeden, Leo D. Roorda, Martijn P.M. Steultjens, Joost Dekker
Objective: To evaluate the contribution of improvement in negative emotional cognitions, active cognitive coping, and control and chronicity beliefs to the outcome of multidisciplinary treatment in patients with chronic widespread pain. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: A total of 120 subjects diagnosed with chronic widespread pain, who completed a multidisciplinary pain programme. Me ...
Pages: 173-180
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Psychogenic gait disorder: A randomized controlled trial of physical rehabilitation with one-year follow-up
Anika Aakerøy Jordbru, Liv Marit Smedstad, Ole Klungsøyr, Egil Wilhelm Martinsen
Objective: Psychogenic gait disorder, defined as loss of ability to walk without neurological aetiologies, has poor rehabilitation options that are well documented. Left untreated these patients have substantial and long-lasting dysfunction. The present study examined the effect of a 3-week inpatient rehabilitation programme compared with a waiting list control condition, and whether eventual gain ...
Pages: 181-187
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CASE REPORT
Anterior superior iliac spine avulsion fracture presenting as meralgia paraesthetica in an adolescent sprinter
Chia-Yu Hsu, Chu-Ming Wu , Shih-Wei Lin , Kui-Lin Cheng
Objective: We report here a rare case of anterior superior iliac spine avulsion fracture that presented initially as meralgia paraesthetica. Case report: A 14-year-old male sprinter presented with anterior superior iliac spine avulsion fracture, which was not observed on initial plain radiograph of the hip, but was diagnosed by ultrasound. Both clinical presentations and electrophysiological stu ...
Pages: 188-190
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