Content

Content - Volume 46, Issue 8

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of integrated multidisciplinary rehabilitation in primary brain cancer survivors in an Australian community cohort: A controlled clinical trial
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Kate Drummond, Mary Galea
Objective: To evaluate effectiveness of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for persons following definitive primary brain tumour treatment in a community cohort. Methods: The brain tumour (glioma) survivors (n = 106) were allocated either to the treatment group (n = 53) (intensive ambulatory multidisciplinary rehabilitation), or the waitlist control group (n  ...
Pages: 754-760
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SPECIAL REPORT
World Congresses of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2013-2015: The way forward – from Beijing to Berlin
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Veronika Fialka-Moser, Leonard S.W. Li, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, Gerold Stucki, Boya Nugraha, Juan Manuel Guzman , Marta Imamura, Linamara Rizzo Battistella, Jianan Li
Scientific congresses are an important tool to support communication among scientists, enabling exchange of knowledge and discussion of research results. They can also provide specialist education and allow a forum in which to develop the goals and policies of scientific societies. The World Congresses of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) aims at continuous ...
Pages: 721-729
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Outcomes of ambulatory rehabilitation programmes following botulinum toxin for spasticity in adults with stroke
Marina Demetrios, Alexandra Gorelik , Julie Louie , Caroline Brand, Ian J. Baguley, Fary Khan
Objective: To examine the benefits of high intensity ambulatory rehabilitation programmes over usual care following botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) for post-stroke spasticity in Australian adults. Design: Prospective single centre, controlled clinical trial. Participants: Fifty-nine adults, median 61 years old and 2.5 years following stroke. Methods: Participants were dichotomised into high intensity ...
Pages: 730-737
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability at the item level of the Action Research Arm Test for patients with stroke
Åsa Nordin, Margit Alt Murphy, Anna Danielsson
Objective: To examine the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) at the item level after stroke. Design: An intra-rater and inter-rater reliability study. Subjects: Thirty-five participants (median age 62 years, median time post-stroke 22 months) with impaired upper extremity function after stroke were included in the study. Methods: Two physiotherapists sim ...
Pages: 738-745
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability of a new scale for measurement of spasticity in stroke patients
Fang Li, Yuedi Wu , Li Xiong
Objectives: To evaluate the reliability of a new scale, the Triple Spasticity Scale (TSS), for assessing spasticity in stroke, through measurement of affected elbow flexors and ankle plantar flexors of hemiplegic patients with stroke, and to compare the new scale with commonly used scales. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Inpatients at a rehabilitation hospital. Patients: Seventy-one inp ...
Pages: 746-753
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of integrated multidisciplinary rehabilitation in primary brain cancer survivors in an Australian community cohort: A controlled clinical trial
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Kate Drummond, Mary Galea
Objective: To evaluate effectiveness of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for persons following definitive primary brain tumour treatment in a community cohort. Methods: The brain tumour (glioma) survivors (n = 106) were allocated either to the treatment group (n = 53) (intensive ambulatory multidisciplinary rehabilitation), or the waitlist control group (n  ...
Pages: 754-760
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Measuring fatigue in polio survivors: Content comparison and reliability of the Fatigue Severity Scale and the Checklist Individual Strength
Fieke S. Koopman, Merel A. Brehm, Yvonne F. Heerkens, Frans Nollet, Anita Beelen
Objectives: To compare the content of the Fatigue Severity Scale and the subscale “subjective experience of fatigue” of the Checklist Individual Strength, and (ii) to assess the reliability of both questionnaires in polio survivors. Design: Repeated-measures at a 3-week interval. Subjects: Consecutive series of 61 polio survivors. Methods: Concepts contained in the questionnaire items ...
Pages: 761-767
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of walking energy cost between an anterior and a posterior ankle-foot orthosis in people with foot drop
Federica Menotti , Luca Laudani , Antonello Damiani , Paola Orlando , Andrea Macaluso
Objective: To compare walking energy cost between an anterior and a posterior ankle-foot orthosis in people with foot drop. Design: Within-group comparisons. Participants: Twenty-three adults (14 women, 9 men; mean age 56.8 years (standard deviation 15.4)) with foot drop. Methods: Participants were asked to walk for 5 min at their self-selected walking speed under 3 conditions: (i) with shoes o ...
Pages: 768-772
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Perceived exertion at work in women with fibromyalgia: Explanatory factors and comparison with healthy women
Annie Palstam, Anette Larsson , Jan Bjersing, Monika Löfgren , Malin Ernberg, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Bijar Ghafouri , Anna Sjörs, Britt Larsson, Björn Gerdle, Eva Kosek, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
Objective: To investigate perceived exertion at work in women with fibromyalgia. Design: A controlled cross-sectional multi-centre study. Subjects and methods: Seventy-three women with fibromyalgia and 73 healthy women matched by occupation and physical workload were compared in terms of perceived exertion at work (0–14), muscle strength, 6-min walk test, symptoms rated by Fibromyalgia I ...
Pages: 773-780
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Individualized quality of life in patients with low back pain: Reliability and validity of the Patient Generated Index
Ida Løchting, Margreth Grotle, Kjersti Storheim, Erik L. Werner, Andrew M. Garratt
Objective: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the improved version of the Patient Generated Index (PGI) in patients with low back pain. Methods: The PGI was administered to 90 patients attending care in 1 of 6 institutions in Norway and evaluated for reliability and validity. The questionnaire was given out to 61 patients for re-test purposes. Results: The PGI was completed correctly ...
Pages: 781-787
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Learning effects of repetitive administration of the Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure in novice prosthetic users
Ecaterina Vasluian, Raoul M. Bongers, Heleen A. Reinders-Messelink, Johannes G.M. Burgerhof , Pieter U. Dijkstra, Corry K. van der Sluis
Objective: The Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure (SHAP) evaluates the functionality of normal, injured or prosthetic hands. The aim was to evaluate the learning effects of SHAP tasks and the appropriateness of the time limits applied per task in novice prosthetic users. Methods: Right-handed unimpaired volunteers (n = 24, mean age 21.8 years) completed 8 SHAP sessions over 5 conse ...
Pages: 788-797
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationship between sleep disturbance, pain, depression and functioning in long-term sick-listed patients experiencing difficulty in resuming work
Jürgen Linder, Gunilla Brodda Jansen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Jan Ekholm
Objective: To describe the frequency of reported sleeping, depression and pain problems, the severity of these problems and the degree of self-estimated difficulties in mental functions and activities in relation to the sleep disturbance and pain category group in patients on long-term sick-leave. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: A total of 1206 patients experiencing difficulty in resum ...
Pages: 798-805
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Which environmental factors are associated with performance when controlling for capacity?
Cristina Bostan, Cornelia Oberhauser, Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, Alarcos Cieza
Objective: To determine which environmental factors are associated with performance when controlling for capacity, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: A psychometric study using a sample of 296 persons with musculoskeletal health conditions as a case in point. The following steps were carried out: (i) Rasch analyses created 2 interval measu ...
Pages: 806-813
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Prevalence and risk factors for highly resistant microorganisms in urinary isolates from newly admitted patients in the National Rehabilitation Center, Korea
Seung Bae Yoon
Objective: To determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, highly resistant microorganisms (HRMO) in urinary isolates from newly admitted patients in a rehabilitation hospital. Subjects: A total of 906 patients transferred to a rehabilitation hospital from other hospitals. Methods: A screening study was performed from June 2012 through May 2013. Urine samples were collected from transferre ...
Pages: 814-818
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Use of kinematic algorithms to distinguish people with chronic non-specific low back pain from asymptomatic subjects: A validation study.
Benjamin Hidalgo, Henri Nielens , Maxime Gilliaux, Toby Hall , Christine Detrembleur
Objective: To determine whether kinematic algorithms can distinguish subjects with chronic non-specific low back pain from asymptomatic subjects and subjects simulating low back pain, during trunk motion tasks. Design: Comparative cohort study. Subjects: A total of 90 subjects composed 3 groups; 45 chronic non-specific low back pain patients in the CLBP group; 45 asymptomatic controls people in ...
Pages: 819-823
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Perceived independence and limitations in rising and sitting down after rehabilitation for a lower-limb amputation
Fred A. de Laat, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Gerardus M. Rommers, Jan H.B. Geertzen, Leo D. Roorda
Objective: To study perceived independence in rising and perceived limitations in rising and sitting down in persons after a lower-limb amputation and the relationship of these perceptions with personal and clinical characteristics. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects/patients: Persons with a lower-limb amputation wearing a prosthesis (n = 172). Methods: Perceived independence ...
Pages: 824-827
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CASE REPORT
Clinical and radiological findings in methadone-induced delayed leukoencephalopathy
Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Vera Häglund , Jenny Carlsson , Anders von Heijne
Objective: To increase awareness of the incidence of delayed leukoencephalopathy in rehabilitation medicine. Subject: A 34-year-old male patient in an inpatient neuro-rehabilitation clinic who developed cognitive, psychological and physical deterioration 33 days after methadone intake. Methods: Clinical follow-up for 7 months, brain imaging with magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomograph ...
Pages: 828-830
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