Content

Content - Volume 47, Issue 3

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Screening for cognitive impairment after stroke: A systematic review of psychometric properties and clinical utility
Louisa Burton, Sarah F. Tyson
Objective: To systematically review the psychometric properties and clinical utility of cognitive screening tools post-stroke. Data sources: EMBASE, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsychInfo. Study selection: Studies testing the accuracy of screening tools for cognitive impairment after stroke. Data extraction: Data regarding the participants, selection criteria, criterion/reference measure, cut-off score, s ...
Pages: 193-203
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Screening for cognitive impairment after stroke: A systematic review of psychometric properties and clinical utility
Louisa Burton, Sarah F. Tyson
Objective: To systematically review the psychometric properties and clinical utility of cognitive screening tools post-stroke. Data sources: EMBASE, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsychInfo. Study selection: Studies testing the accuracy of screening tools for cognitive impairment after stroke. Data extraction: Data regarding the participants, selection criteria, criterion/reference measure, cut-off score, s ...
Pages: 193-203
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Influence of motor imagery training on gait rehabilitation in sub-acute stroke: A randomized controlled trial
Kristine M. Oostra, Anne Oomen , Guy Vanderstraeten, Guy Vingerhoets
Objective: To evaluate the effect of mental practice on motor imagery ability and assess the influence of motor imagery on gait rehabilitation in sub-acute stroke. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Subjects: A total of 44 patients with gait dysfunction after first-ever stroke were randomly allocated to a motor imagery training group and a muscle relaxation group. Methods: The motor imagery ...
Pages: 204-209
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Coping styles of parents of children and adolescents with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase
Eunice J. Prihadi , Femke Dings, Caroline M. van Heugten
Objective: To investigate the types of coping strategies used by parents of children with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase and the relationship between their coping styles and psychosocial functioning. Design: Cross-sectional study (April–May 2013). Subjects: Parents (n = 42) of 28 children with acquired brain injury (> 6 months post-injury). Methods: Parents co ...
Pages: 210-215
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Participation and integration from the perspective of persons with spinal cord injury from five European countries
Kaisa Ruoranen, Marcel W.M. Post, Sibylle Juvalta , Jan D. Reinhardt
Objective: To examine the subjective understanding of participation and integration of persons with spinal cord injuries from 5 European countries and to compare these findings with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)’s conceptualization of participation. Methods: Semi-structured interviews with 54 persons with acquired spinal cord injuries and 3 with sp ...
Pages: 216-222
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Whole-body vibration therapy in children with severe motor disabilities
Sophie Kilebrant , Gunnar Braathen , Roger Emilsson , Ulla Glansén , Ann-Charlott Söderpalm, Bo Zetterlund, Barbro Westerberg, Per Magnusson, Diana Swolin-Eide
Objective: To study the effect of whole-body vibration therapy on bone mass, bone turnover and body composition in severely disabled children. Methods: Nineteen non-ambulatory children aged 5.1–16.3 years (6 males, 13 females) with severe motor disabilities participated in an intervention programme with standing exercise on a self-controlled dynamic platform, which included whole-body vibratio ...
Pages: 223-228
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of a regular exercise programme on pelvic girdle and low back pain in previously inactive pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial
Lene A. H. Haakstad , Kari Bø
Objective: To determine whether participation in a group fitness class for pregnant women can prevent and treat pelvic girdle pain and low back pain. Design: An observer-blinded randomized controlled trial. Participants: A total of 105 sedentary, nulliparous pregnant women, mean age 30.7 years (standard deviation (SD) 4.0), mean pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) 23.8 (SD 4.3), were assigned t ...
Pages: 229-234
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Is there a role for rehabilitation streaming following total knee arthroplasty? Preliminary insights from a randomized controlled trial
Justine M. Naylor, Jack Crosbie, Victoria Ko
Objective: To determine whether total knee arthroplasty recipients demonstrating comparatively poor mobility at entry to rehabilitation and who received supervised therapy, had better rehabilitation outcomes than those who received less supervision. Design: Retrospective analysis of randomized trial data. Patients: Total knee arthroplasty participants randomized to supervised (n = 15 ...
Pages: 235-241
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ORIGINAL REPORT
”Change is possible”: Patients’ experience of a multimodal chronic pain rehabilitation programme
Andrea Hållstam, Britt Marie Stålnacke, Christer Svensen, Monika Löfgren
Objective: To explore patients’ experiences of activity, participation and quality of life one year after a rehabilitation programme for chronic pain, and to determine the impact of the programme on their current life situation. Design: Qualitative study with emergent design. Subjects and methods: The 14 informants were patients with chronic pain who had participated in rehabilitation at a pai ...
Pages: 242-248
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Finnish version of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia: Reference values in the Finnish general population and associations with leisure-time physical activity
Petteri Koho, Katja Borodulin, Hannu Kautiainen, Urho Kujala, Timo Pohjolainen, Heikki Hurri
Objectives: To create reference values for the general Finnish population using the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-FIN), to study gender differences in the TSK-FIN, to assess the internal consistency of the TSK-FIN, to estimate the prevalence of high levels of kinesiophobia in Finnish men and women, and to examine the association between kinesiophobia and leisure-time physical activity and the ...
Pages: 249-255
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Going places: Does the two-minute walk test predict the six-minute walk test in lower extremity amputees?
Lauren Reid , Penny Thomson , Markus Besemann , Nancy Dudek
Objective: Assessing a patient’s ability to walk the distance required for community ambulation (at least 300 m) is important in amputee rehabilitation. During the 2-min walk test, most amputees cannot walk 300 m. Thus, the 6-min walk test may be preferred, but it has not been fully validated in this population. This study examined the convergent and discriminative validity of the 6-min walk tes ...
Pages: 256-261
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Five Times Sit-To-Stand test completion times among older women: Influence of seat height and arm position
Shamay S. M. Ng, Susanna Y. Cheung , Lauren S.W. Lai, Ann S.L. Liu, Selena H.I. Ieong, Shirley S.M. Fong
Objective: To investigate the interaction of seat height and arm position with completion times for the Five Times Sit-To-Stand test (FTSTS) in older women. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre. Subjects: Thirty-three women (mean age 61.8 years, standard deviation 5.3) participated in this cross-sectional study. Methods: Time taken to complete the FTST ...
Pages: 262-266
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator specific rehabilitation improves health cost outcomes: Findings from the COPE-ICD randomized controlled trial
Selina Kikkenborg Berg , Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Mette Bjerrum Koch, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Preben U. Pedersen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
Objective: The Copenhagen Outpatient ProgrammE – implantable cardioverter defibrillator (COPE-ICD) trial included patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators in a randomized controlled trial of rehabilitation. After 6–12 months significant differences were found in favour of the rehabilitation group for exercise capacity, general and mental health. The aim of this paper is to explore ...
Pages: 267-272
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Development of a video-based technique for ambulatory monitoring of foot placement with an instrumented rollator
Justin N. Chee, William H. Gage, William E. McIlroy, Karl F. Zabjek
Objective: To develop a video-based system, mounted on a rollator to quantify the step width values of rollator users in the community. Subjects: A total of 5 able-bodied young adults, age range 24–28 years. Methods: A digital video camera system was mounted on the rollator frame to capture the position of the participant’s feet during overground walking. A method of estimating step width fr ...
Pages: 273-277
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Intensive rehabilitation in selected hip fracture patients may optimize care efficiency: A retrospective comparison study
Joep B. Ponten, Egbert Krug, Laurens J. van Baardewijk , Enrike (H)MJ van der Linden, Renée Haas , Pieta Krijnen, Inger B. Schipper
Objective: To gather preliminary data on the effectiveness of intensive rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery, as provided in the Transfer Unit (TU) in Leiden, The Netherlands, compared with the effectiveness of rehabilitation in a regular nursing home. Intensive rehabilitation in the TU consists of physical therapy twice daily by dedicated medical staff and aims to shorten hospital stay and d ...
Pages: 278-281
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CASE REPORT
Serotonin syndrome in stroke patients
Sung Ho Jang, Yong Min Kwon, Min Cheol Chang
Objective: Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition that can be caused by administration of agents that increase serotonergic activity in the brain. We report here on 2 stroke patients who presented with serotonin syndrome following administration of dopaminergic agents. Case report: Two stroke patients were administered ropinirole (patient 1) and carbidopa/levodopa (patient ...
Pages: 282-285
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