Content

Content - Volume 47, Issue 5

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Preserved somatosensory conduction in a patient with complete cervical spinal cord injury
Amar Awad, Richard Levi, Lenita Lindgren , Claes Hultling, Göran Westling , Lars Nyberg, Johan Eriksson
Objective: Neurophysiological investigation has shown that patients with clinically complete spinal cord injury can have residual motor sparing (“motor discomplete”). In the current study somatosensory conduction was assessed in a patient with clinically complete spinal cord injury and a novel methodology for assessing such preservation is described, in this case indicating “sensory discompl ...
Pages: 426-431
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Participation and quality of life outcomes among individuals with earthquake-related physical disability: A systematic review
Joanne Nunnerley, Jennifer Dunn, Kathryn McPherson, Gary Hooper, Tim Woodfield
Objective: A literature review to evaluate quality of life and participation outcomes of individuals with earthquake-related physical injury. Data sources: A systematic review was performed using National Health Service (NHS) Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) guidelines. MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL and AMED electronic databases were searched from 1966 to January 2014. Study selec ...
Pages: 385-393
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Interpreting physical and behavioral health scores from new work disability instruments
Elizabeth E. Marfeo, Pengsheng Ni, Leighton Chan, Elizabeth K. Rasch, Christine M. McDonough, Diane E. Brandt, Kara Bogusz, Alan M. Jette
Objective: To develop a system to guide interpretation of scores generated from 2 new instruments measuring work-related physical and behavioral health functioning (Work Disability – Physical Function (WD-PF) and WD – Behavioral Function (WD-BH)). Design: Cross-sectional, secondary data from 3 independent samples to develop and validate the functional levels for physical and behavioral health ...
Pages: 394-402
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Computer simulation of improvements in hospital length of stay for rehabilitation patients
Peter W. New, Keith Stockman , Peter A. Cameron, John H. Olver, Johannes U. Stoelwinder
Objective: To estimate the potential improvement in acute and rehabilitation hospital length of stay for rehabilitation patients from hypothetical scenarios that address barriers to patient flow. Design: Data about the duration of key processes for patients (n = 360) admitted to acute hospitals and subsequently transferred to inpatient rehabilitation in 2 wards in Melbourne, Australia ...
Pages: 403-411
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development and preliminary evaluation of the caregiver assistive technology outcome measure
W. Ben Mortenson, Louise Demers, Marcus J. Fuhrer, Jeffrey W. Jutai, James Lenker, Frank DeRuyter
Introduction: Assistive technology is often recommended with the aim of increasing user independence and reducing the burden on informal caregivers. However, until now, there has been no tool to measure the outcomes of this process for caregivers. Objectives: To describe the development of the Caregiver Assistive Technology Outcome Measure (CATOM), a tool developed to measure the impact of assis ...
Pages: 412-418
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Efficacy of gait training using a treadmill with and without visual biofeedback in patients after stroke: A randomized study
Mariusz Drużbicki , Agnieszka Guzik, Grzegorz Przysada , Andrzej Kwolek, Agnieszka Brzozowska-Magoń
Objectives: To evaluate the effects of gait training using a treadmill with and without visual biofeedback in patients in the late period after stroke, and to compare both training methods. Design: A randomized, controlled study. Subjects: Fifty people at least 6 months after stroke, randomly enrolled into groups with a rehabilitation programme of treadmill training with or without visual biofee ...
Pages: 419-425
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Preserved somatosensory conduction in a patient with complete cervical spinal cord injury
Amar Awad, Richard Levi, Lenita Lindgren , Claes Hultling, Göran Westling , Lars Nyberg, Johan Eriksson
Objective: Neurophysiological investigation has shown that patients with clinically complete spinal cord injury can have residual motor sparing (“motor discomplete”). In the current study somatosensory conduction was assessed in a patient with clinically complete spinal cord injury and a novel methodology for assessing such preservation is described, in this case indicating “sensory discompl ...
Pages: 426-431
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Arm cranking versus wheelchair propulsion for testing aerobic fitness in children with spina bifida who are wheelchair dependent
Manon A. T. Bloemen , Janke F. de Groot , Frank J. G. Backx, Rosalyne A. Westerveld , Tim Takken
Objective: To determine the best test performance and feasibility using a Graded Arm Cranking Test vs a Graded Wheelchair Propulsion Test in young people with spina bifida who use a wheelchair, and to determine the reliability of the best test. Design: Validity and reliability study. Subjects: Young people with spina bifida who use a wheelchair. Methods: Physiological responses were measured du ...
Pages: 432-437
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Do existing patient-report activity outcome measures accurately reflect day-to-day arm use following adult traumatic brachial plexus injury?
Bridget Hill, Gavin Williams, John H. Olver, Andrea Bialocerkowski
Objective: To identify the range of activities limited following adult traumatic brachial plexus injury and triangulate these with existing patient-reported outcome measures identified from the literature. Design: A qualitative cross-sectional design. Subjects: Adults with traumatic brachial plexus injury and expert clinicians. Methods: Using an International Classification of Functioning, Disa ...
Pages: 438-444
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development and testing psychometric properties of an ICF-based health measure: The Neuromuscular Disease Impact Profile
Isaäc Bos, Jan B.M. Kuks, Klaske Wynia
Objectives: To develop a measure that is based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and reflects the prevalence and severity of disabilities related to neuromuscular disorders, and to evaluate the psychometric properties of this measure. Methods: A preliminary questionnaire was developed, based on the categories of the ICF Core Set for Neuromuscular Dise ...
Pages: 445-453
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional performance is associated with both knee extensor and flexor muscle strength in patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty: A cross-sectional study
Birgit Skoffer, Ulrik Dalgas, Inger Mechlenburg, Kjeld Søballe, Thomas Maribo
Objective: To determine whether muscle strength in patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty is: (i) strongly associated with both measured functional performance and patient-reported measures; (ii) more closely associated with functional performance when measured during concentric than during isometric contractions; and (iii) more strongly related to the 30-s chair stand test than to the tim ...
Pages: 454-459
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rasch validation of the Prosthetic Mobility Questionnaire: A new outcome measure for assessing mobility in people with lower limb amputation
Franco Franchignoni, Marco Monticone, Andrea Giordano, Barbara Rocca
Objective: To create a new outcome measure of mobility in people with lower limb amputation, based on a pool of 14 items assessing prosthetic mobility, comprising the 12-item Prosthesis Evaluation Questionnaire (Mobility Section) plus 2 new items. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 100 subjects (median age 58 years; 46 males; median body mass index 23.8) who had recently undergon ...
Pages: 460-465
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Physical function, pain, quality of life and life satisfaction of amputees from the 2008 Sichuan earthquake: A prospective cohort study
Ling Li, Jan D. Reinhardt, Xia Zhang, Andrew Pennycott, Zhengen Zhao, Xianmen Zeng, Jianan Li
Objectives: To examine the development and determinants of long-term outcomes for earthquake victims with amputations, including physical function, pain, quality of life and life satisfaction. Design: Prospective cohort study with 2–3 measurement points. Subjects: A total of 72 people who underwent amputations following the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake and resided in Mianzhu County, Sichuan Provinc ...
Pages: 466-471
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Ability to work in anaerobic condition is associated with physical performance on the six-minute walk test in older patients receiving cardiac rehabilitation
Guido Pasquini, Federica Vannetti, Raffaele Molino-Lova
Objective: During maximal incremental exercise, the ability to work in the anaerobic condition, expressed by the respiratory exchange ratio, is associated with physical performance. Further, peak respiratory exchange ratio is regarded as the best non-invasive measure of a patient’s actual exercise effort. This study examined whether ability to work in the anaerobic condition is also associated w ...
Pages: 472-477
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